Degree-day for Stored-Product Insect Species

Fundamentals of Stored-Product Entomology book included lower temperature threshold (LT) estimates and degree-days (DD) required for egg to adult development of 15 species of stored-product insects. Here we give the following estimates for an additional 51 species of stored-product insects. Imura (1990) calculates estimates for many published studies and Sporleder et al. (2004) summarizes estimates from several published studies. For Sporleder (2004), lower temperature thresholds for egg, larvae and pupae, or egg and larvae-pupae are reported.  Clearly, estimates varied between studies.

Harries, F. H. 1937. Some effects of temperature on the development and oviposition of Microbracon hebetor (Say). Ohio J. Sci. 37: 165-171.

Habrobracon hebetor, LT = 12.7oC, DD = 156.7

Imura, O. 1990. Thermal requirements for development of stored-product insects. Tribolium Information Bulletin 30:58-68.

Acanthoscelides obtectus (female), LT = 11.7 oC, DD = 524.6

Acanthoscelides obtectus (male), LT = 11.7 oC,DD = 510.2

Anagasta kuehniella, LT = 8.2 oC, DD = 760.2

Anagasta kuehniella, LT = 7.5 oC, DD = 1392.3

Anagasta kuehniella (fast), LT = 9.1 oC, DD = 762.8

Anagasta kuehniella (slow), LT = 7.1 oC, DD = 1320.1

Anisopteromalus calandrae (female), LT = 16.4 oC, DD = 187.6

Anisopteromalus calandrae (male), LT = 16.3 oC, DD = 177.0

Apomyelois ceratoniae, LT = 10.6 oC, DD = 441.6

Cadra calidella, LT = 15.3 oC, DD = 386.3

Cadra cautella, LT = 12.6 oC, DD = 532.4

Cadra figulilella, LT = 12.4 oC, DD = 691.1

Callosobruchus analis, LT = 16.6 oC,DD = 407.4

Callosobruchus chinensis (female), LT = 11.3 oC,DD = 425.4

Callosobruchus chinensis (female), LT = 10.6 oC,DD = 463.6

Callosobruchus chinensis (female), LT = 10.0 oC,DD = 553.1

Callosobruchus chinensis (female), LT = 9.3 oC,DD = 671.7

Callosobruchus chinensis (male), LT = 11.3 oC,DD = 420.2

Callosobruchus chinensis (male), LT = 10.1 oC,DD = 478.1

Callosobruchus chinensis (male), LT = 10.1 oC,DD = 547.7

Callosobruchus chinensis (male), LT = 9.4 oC,DD = 656.3

Callosobruchus maculates, LT = 14.9 oC,DD = 358.0

Callosobruchus rhodesianus, LT = 13.7 oC,DD = 423.0

Carpophilus hemipterus, LT = 8.6 oC,DD = 566.4

Carpophilus ligneus, LT = 8.5 oC,DD = 640.5

Coelopalorus foveicollis, LT = 15.5 oC,DD = 663.6

Corcyra cephalonica, LT = 14.9 oC, DD = 422.1

Cryptolestes capensis, LT = 11.1 oC,DD = 638.3

Cryptolestes ferrugineus, LT = 15.7 oC,DD = 407.0

Cryptolestes pusilloides, LT = 11.8 oC,DD = 402.4

Cryptolestes pusillus, LT = 14.7 oC,DD = 339.9

Cryptolestes pusillus, LT = 14.6 oC,DD = 499.3

Cryptolestes turcicus, LT = 14.7 oC,DD = 398.4

Cryptolestes ugandae, LT = 14.2 oC,DD = 356.3

Dermestes frischii, LT = 15.2 oC,DD = 541.5

Endrosis sarcitrella, LT = 8.5 oC, DD = 869.6

Ephestia elutella, LT = 10.8 oC, DD = 660.6

Gibbium psylloides, LT = 11.8 oC,DD = 942.0

Habrobracon brevicornis, LT = 16.0 oC,DD = 104.7

Habrobracon hebetor, LT = 10.5 oC,DD = 164.6

Habrobracon hebetor, LT = 10.6 oC,DD = 185.8

Hofmannophila pseudospretella, LT = 6.9 oC, DD = 1551.5

Lasioderma serricorne, LT = 16.2 oC,DD = 411.8

Lasioderma serricorne, LT = 16.3 oC,DD = 453.4

Latheticus oryzae (Ghana), LT = 21.5 oC,DD = 286.6

Latheticus oryzae (Ghana), LT = 20.6 oC,DD = 295.3

Latheticus oryzae (Ghana), LT = 20.7 oC,DD = 296.1

Latheticus oryzae (lab), LT = 20.4 oC,DD = 308.2

Latheticus oryzae (lab), LT = 19.8 oC,DD = 319.4

Latheticus oryzae (lab), LT = 20.5 oC,DD = 326.5

Mezium affine, LT = 11.2 oC,DD = 1140.5

Oryzaephilus acuminatus, LT = 15.4 oC,DD = 357.0

Oryzaephilus mercator, LT = 16.6 oC,DD = 318.9

Oryzaephilus surinamensis, LT = 15.6 oC,DD = 295.0

Oryzaephilus surinamensis, LT = 14.5 oC,DD = 366.2

Palorus laesicollis. LT = 12.5 oC, DD = 680.5

Palorus ratzeburgi, LT = 16.1 oC,DD = 427.3

Palorus subdepressus, LT = 15.6 oC, DD = 572.6

Plodia interpunctella, LT = 12.1 oC, DD = 458.8

Plodia interpunctella, LT = 10.8 oC, DD = 599.5

Prostephanus truncates, LT = 15.1 oC,DD = 403.2

Prostephanus truncatus, LT = 16.2 oC,DD = 416.2

Ptinus pusillus, LT = 16.5 oC,DD = 685.5

Ptinus tectus, LT = 7.5 oC,DD = 818.9

Ptinus tectus, LT = 7.1 oC,DD = 860.2

Rhyzopertha dominica, LT = 17.5 oC,DD = 388.5

Sitophilus granarius, LT = 10.5 oC,DD = 517.6

Sitophilus oryzae, LT = 13.6 oC,DD = 422.1

Sitophilus oryzae, LT = 13.5 oC,DD = 466.7

Sitophilus zeamais, LT = 14.4 oC,DD = 440.0

Stegobium paniceum (female), LT = 13.2 oC,DD = 626.3

Stegobium paniceum (male), LT = 14.5 oC,DD = 556.6

Tribolium anaphe, LT = 16.5 oC, DD = 312.0

Tribolium castaneum, LT = 17.8 oC, DD = 334.0

Tribolium castaneum, LT = 17.9 oC, DD = 415.2

Tribolium confusum, LT = 16.7 oC, DD = 391.1

Tribolium confusum, LT = 16.4 oC, DD = 487.5

Tribolium destructor, LT = 12.6 oC, DD = 755.4

Tribolium freemani, LT = 19.1 oC, DD = 434.2

Tribolium madens, LT = 17.4 oC, DD = 425.7

Trogoderma granarium (female), LT = 13.3 oC,DD = 613.6

Trogoderma granarium (female), LT = 14.2 oC,DD = 687.1

Trogoderma granarium (male), LT = 13.9 oC, DD = 524.7

Trogoderma granarium (male), LT = 13.3 oC,DD = 656.3

Trogoderma versicolor (female), LT = 17.1 oC,DD = 601.9

Trogoderma versicolor (female), LT = 16.7 oC,DD = 726.7

Trogoderma versicolor (male), LT = 17.1 oC,DD = 510.4

Trogoderma versicolor (male), LT = 16.9 oC,DD = 653.8

Typhaea stercorea, LT = 14.5 oC,DD = 393.8

Venturia canescens, LT = 11.4 oC,DD = 358.8

Xylocoris flavipes, LT = 15.5 oC,DD = 231.1

Zabrotes subfasciatus, LT = 15.0 oC,DD = 415.4

Imamura, T., J. Uraichuen, P. Visarathanonth, S. Morimoto and A. Miuanoshita. 2004. Effect of temperature on development of Theocolax elegans (Westwood) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) parasitizing larvae of the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in brown rice. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 39: 497-503.

Lariophagus distinguendus, LT = 11.1 oC, DD = 275

Theocolax elegans, LT = 15.2 oC, DD = 258

James, D. G. and B. Vogele. 2000. Development and survivorship of Carpophilus hemipterus (L.), Carpophilus mutilatus Erichson and Carpophilus humeralis (F.) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) over a range of constant temperatures. Australian. J. Entomol. 39: 180-184.

Carpophilis mutilatus, LT = 15.3 oC, DD = 320

Carpophilus humeralis, LT = 15.4 oC, DD = 297.6

Momoi, S. and S. Tanioka. 1982. Notes on the bionomics of Cephalonomia gallicola (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Sci. Rept. Fac. Agr. Kobe University 15: 55-61.

Cephalonomia gallicola, LT = 15.3 oC, DD = 255

Smith, L. 1992. Effect of temperature on life history characteristics of Anisopteromalus calandrae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) parasitizing maize weevil larvae in corn kernels. Environ. Entomol. 21: 877-887.

Anisopteromalus calandrae, LT = 16.5 oC, DD = 148.3

Sporleder, M., J. Kroschel, M. R. Guiterrez Quispe and A. Lagnaoui. 2004. A temperature-based simulation model for the potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Environ. Entomol. 33: 477-486.

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 11 oC, 13.5 oC, 11.8 oC, DD = 338

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 7.6 oC, 11 oC, 7.8 oC, DD = 468

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 9.6 oC, 9.3 oC, 8.5 oC, DD = 461.7

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 11 oC, DD = 390

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 10 oC, DD = 222.4

Phthorimaea operculella, LT = 11.2 oC, 12.5 oC, DD = 420.9

Utida, S. 1971. Influence of temperature on the number of eggs, mortality and development of several species of bruchid infesting stored beans. Japanese J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 15: 23-30.

Callosobruchus analis, LT = 16 oC, DD = 342.2

Callosobruchus chinensis, LT = 13.5 oC, DD = 347

Callosobruchus maculates, LT = 17 oC, DD = 294.5

Callosobruchus phaseoli, LT = 12.5 oC, DD = 582

Callosobruchus rhodesianus, LT = 15 oC, DD = 393.8

Zabrotes subfasciatus, LT = 15.5 oC, DD = 388.5

Yamasaki, M. 1982. Biology of a sanitary injurious bethylid wasp Cephalonomia gallicola. Japanese J. Sanitary Zoology 33: 221-226.

Cephalonomia gallicola (female), LT = 15.8 oC, DD = 240.4

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