Market Surveys for Insect and Mite Infestation

Infestations by 87 stored-product insect or mite species of 69 commodities being sold in markets have been surveyed in 56 studies. These commodities included five dried fruits (apricots, dates, figs, plums and raisins), six grains (maize, millet, oats, rice, sorghum and wheat), five oilseed (groundnut, sarson cake, sesame seed, cottonseed, sunflower-seed), two nuts (cashew and walnuts) and ten legumes (bambara nut, bean, cowpea, ground bean, groundnut, lentil, melon, pea, pigeon pea and soya beans); seasonings including black pepper, cardamon, chillies or dried chili peppers, coriander, dried tomato, ginger and turmeric; animal food (dry dog food, rations for birds and rations for hog); cassava, cocoyam and yam chips; yam and cassava and yam flour; cereal-based food including baby food, bread, biscuits, cakes, cereal, flour and mixes, wheat powder; cheese; confectionery; crude drugs; dried fish or binito flakes and mushroom; Indian savory preparations, kola nut, myrobalan, rice flour; sea tangles, soybean meal or paste, sugar, tamarind, tobacco, and Turkish dairy product (Surk). This annotated reference list includes more than six times the number of market surveys cited on page 2 of Stored-Product Insect Resource book and additional commodities (in bold) and insect or mite species are reported in these additional surveys.

Adesuyi, S.A. 1971. A survey of moisture content and insect infestation pattern on dried yams for twenty-one months in the market at Ibadan (Western State). Report of Nigeria Stored Products Research Institute, 10: 65-71. (yams, Araecerus fasciculatus, Dinoderus porcellus, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum)

Aisagbonhi, C.I. 1988. Pest incidence in marketed date palm fruits in Dulse, Kano State, Nigeria. Date palm Journal 6(1): 287-298. (dates, Araecerus fasciculatus, Coccotrypes dactyliperda, Oryzaephilus mercator, Plodia interpunctella)

Al-Nasser, Abir Sulaiman. 2011. Quantitative survey of stored products mites infesting wheat flour in Jeddah Governorate. Journal of Entomology and Nematology 3(6): 78-84. (wheat flour, Acarophenax tribolii, Blattisocius keegani, Blattisocius tarsalis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Dermatophagoides farinae)

Awoyemi, M. D. 1991. Preliminary observations on the incidence of insect pests and related damage to stored dried fish in Kainji Lake area. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 12(4): 361-365. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus)

Aygun, Osman, Mehmet Yaman and Hisamettin Durmaz. 2007. A survey on occurrence of Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridae) in Surk, a traditional Turkish dairy product. Journal of Food Engineering 78: 878–881. (Turkish dairy products, Surk; Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Ayertey, J. N., and Ibitoye, J. O. 1987. Infestation of maize and sorghum seeds by Sitophilus, Rhyzopertha and Sitotroga in three contiguous climatic zones in Nigeria, Insect Sci. Applic. 8: 981-987. (maize, sorghum, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella)

Baggio, Domingos, Sumie M. Figueiredo, Carlos H.W. Flechtmann, Glaydes Quadros Zambon and Silvia H.G. de Miranda. 1987. Avaliação da presença de ácaros em cereais armazenados na Grande São Paulo. (Evaluation of the presence of mites in grain stored in the São Paulo) Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz 44(1): 617-626. (beans, maize, oats, peas, rice, sorghum, wheat, Aleuroglyphus ovatus, Blattisocius dentriticus, Blomia tropicalis, Cheyletus eruditus, Cheyletus fortis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Chortoglyphus arcuatus, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Baoua, I.B., L. Amadou, O.N. Bakoye, O. Abdoulaye, D. Baributsa and L.L. Murdock. 2016. Maize quality in markets in four West African countries. J. Stored Prod. Res. 69: 26-30. (maize, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Prostephanus truncatus, Sitophilus spp., Tribolium spp.)

Bawa, Samuel Abukari, Enoch Kofi Selorm Ofori and Michael Osae. 2017. Species diversity and relative abundance of Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea in four major agricultural produce markets in the central region, Ghana. J. Stored Prod. Res. 72: 117-120. (Callosobruchus maculatus, Callosobruchus rhodesianus, Callosobruchus chinensis Callosobruchus analis and Callosobruchus subinnotatus)

Begum, Anwara, Humayun Reza Khan, and M. L. Shahriar. 1997. Seasonal fluctuation of insects infesting the dry fishes in a market of Dhaka city. Journal of the Asiatic Society Bangladesh, Science 23: 315-318. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus, Necrobia ruficollis, Necrobia rufipes, Lasioderma serricorne)

Brar, H. S., B. S. Chahal, and M. Ramzan. 1987. Insect pests of stored oilseeds in Punjab and Chandigarh. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University 24(3): 437-440.(oilseed (groundnut, sarson cake, sesame seed, cottonseed, sunflower-seed), Alphitobius laevigatus, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes pusillus, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Sitophilus oryzae, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Chakravorty, Sanjib and Haran Chandra Das 1985. Bioclimatology of the larva of the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton on the wheat powder in grocer’s shops in hooghl y district of West Bengal. Bull. Ent. 26(1): 14-16 (wheat powder (suji), Corcyra cephalonica)

Chander H.; Kulkarni S.G.; Berry S.K., 1990: Infestation and breeding capability of insect pests in some Indian savory preparations. Annals of Biology (Hissar). 6(1): 69-74 (Indian savory preparations, Stegoblum paniceum, Rhyzopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum)

Chimoya, I. A. and Abdullahi, G. 2011. Species compositions and relative abundance of insect pest associated with some stored cereal grains in selected markets of Maiduguri metropolitan. Journal of American Science, 7(4): 355-358. (maize, millet, rice, sorghum, Cryptolestes, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Compton, J. A. F., S. Floyd, P. A. Magrath, S. Addo, S. R. Gbedevi, B. Agbo, G. Bokor, S. Amekupe, Z. Motey, H. Penni and S. Kumi. 1998. Involving grain traders in determining the effect of postharvest insect damage on the price of maize in African markets. Crop Prot. 17: 483-489. (maize, Sitophilus zeamais, Prostephanus truncatus)

Danso, J.K., E.A. Osekre, G.P. Opit, N. Manu, P. Armstrong, F.H. Arthur, J.F. Campbell, G. Mbata and S.G. McNeill. 2018. Post-harvest insect infestation and mycotoxin levels in maize markets in the Middle Belt of Ghana. J. Stored Prod. Res. 77: 9-15. (maize, Carpophilus dimidiatus, Cathartus quadricollis, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium castaneum)

Daramola, A. M. 1976. Weevil infestation of kolanuts in the field and markets in western Nigeria. Nigerian J. Entomol. 2: 21-27. (kola nut, Balanogastris kolae, Sophrorhinus quadricristatus, Sophrorhinus ghanjaensis)

Degheidi, M. A., and S. S. El-Gendi. 1995. Effect of seasonal variation and storage period on the insect infestation of “Ras” Cheese. Egyptian J. Food Sci. 23(1/2): 47-56. (cheese, Dermestes maculatus, Lasioderma serricorne, Tribolium confusum)

de Sousa, J., M. Gondim, R. Barros and J. de Oliveira. 2005. Mites in stored foods commercialized in supermarkets and markets in Recife. Neotropical Entomol. 34: 303-309. (bean, maize, pet food, Acarophenax tribolii, Austroglycyphagus geniculatus, Blattisocius keegani, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia freemani, Caloglyphus hughesi, Caloglyphus oudemansi, Cheyletus malaccensis, Ker bakeri, Kleemannia plumigera, Rhizoglyphus callae, Suidasia pontifica, Tarsonemus granarius, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Eke, F. N., Ekechukwu, N. E. and Onah, I. 2008. Arthropod pests of dried fish and fish by product in a tropical urban community market. Animal Research International 5(3): 900-903. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus, Necrobia rufipes, Lardoglyphus konoi, Theridion saxatile, Tribolium castaneum)

Egbon, I. N., and J. N. Ayertey. 2013. Incidence of Sitophilus oryzae and Other Stored-product Pests on Cowpea in Local Markets in Accra: Management Strategies Employed by Retailers. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 16(9): 435-438. (cowpea, Anisopteromalus calandrae, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae)

Franzolin, Marcia Regina, Domingos Baggio, Marlene Correia and Regina Maria Morelli Silva Rodriguez. 1994. Presenca de acaros em doces de amendoim e de leite vendidos por ambulantes na cidade de Sao Paulo (Presence of mites in peanut and milk confectionery sold by street vendors in Sao Paolo city) Revista do Instituto Adolfo Lutz 54(1): 11-15. (peanut and milk confectionery, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia troicalis, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Franzolin, M. and D. Baggio. 2000. Mite contamination in polished rice and beans commercialized in municipal markets. Rev. Saude Publica 34: 77-83. (rice, bean, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia tropicalis, Suidasia pontifica, Tarsonemus granarius, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Galvão, Andréia Serra; Silva, Ester Azevedo; Sousa, Josilene Maria de; Silva, Rafael R.; Silva, Maria de Jesus and Ribeiro, Ana Elizabete Lopes. 2011. Acarofauna em produtos alimentícios comercializados em mercados de São Luís-MA. (Acarofauna in food products marketed in Sao Luis, MA markets) Magistra, Cruz das Almas 23(4): 252–256. (beans, cassava flour, corn, rations for hog and birds, rice, soybean meal, Blattisocius keegani, Cheyletus malaccensis, Suidasia nesbitti, Suidasia pontifica)

Gredilha, Rodrigo, Priscilla Ribeiro Saavedra, Luciana Guerim, Aurino Florêncio de Lima, and Nicolau Maués Serra-Freire. 2005. Ocorrência de Oryzaephilus surinamensis Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera:Cucujidae) E Necrobia rufipes De Geer, 1775 (Coleoptera: Cleridae) infestando rações de animais domésticos (Occurrence of Oryzaephilus surinamensis Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera: Cucujidae) e Necrobia rufipes De Geer, 1775 (Coleoptera: Cleridae) infesting pet food) Entomología y vectores 12(1): 95-103. (pet food, Necrobia rufipes, Oryzaephilus surinamensis)

Gredilha, R., and A. F. Lima. 2007. First record of Necrobia rufipes (De Geer, 1775) (Coleoptera; Cleridae) associated with pet food in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 67(1): 187. (pet food, Necrobia rufipes)

Halliday, D. 1966. Insect damage to foods on sale in a Kano market. Technical Report of the Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute 13:103-107. (cowpea, maize, sorghum, Bruchidius altrolineatus, Callosobruchus maculatus, Oryzaephilus mercator, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus, Tribolium)

Hansson, C., A. Aebi and B. Benrey. 2004. Horismenus species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in a bruchid beetle parasitoid guild, including the description of a new species. Zootaxa 548: 1-16. (bean, Horismenus depressus, Horismenus missouriensis, Horismenus productus)

Hibberson, C.E. and Vogelnest, L.J., 2014. Storage mite contamination of commercial dry dog food in south-eastern Australia. Aust. Vet. J. 92, 219-224. (dog food, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Ho, S. H. and Z. Zainy. 1985. Insect infestation and distribution in bagged lentils. p. 21-25. In R. L. Semple and A. S. Frio (eds) Research and Development Systems and Linkages for a viable grain post-harvest industry in the humid tropics. Proc. 8th ASEAN Technical Seminar on Grain Post-Harvest Technology, Manila, Philippines. (lentil, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais)

Hubert, J., T. Erban, M. Nesvorna, and V. Stejskal. 2011. Emerging risk of infestation and contamination of dried fruits by mites in the Czech Republic. Food Addit. Contam. 28: 1129-1135. (dried apricots, figs, plums, raisins, Carpoglyphus lactis)

Ivbijaro, M. F., 1978. Deterioration of commercial maize (Zea mays L.) by insects and fungus. p. 309-312. Caswell, G.H.; Boshoff, W.H.; Daramola, A.M.; Dina, S.O.; Adesuyi, S.A.; Singh, S.R.; Ivbijaro, M.F.; Adeyemi, S.A.O.; Taylor, T.A. eds. Proceedings of the 2nd International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology, 10-16 September 1978, Ibadan, Nigeria.  Savannah, Georgia, 1979. (maize, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Kumar, T. P., S. N. Moorthy, C. Balagopalan, C. A. Jayaprakas and P. Rajamma. 1996. Quality changes in market cassava chips infested by insects. J. Stored Prod. Res. 32: 183-186. (cassava chips, Araecerus fasciculatus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae)

Machado, E.H.L., Alves, L.C., Faustino, M.A.G., Dezotti, C.H. 2008. Frequência de in-setos-praga em alimento industrializado para cães comercializados na cidade de Recife-PE. (Frequency of stored-insect products in pet food traded in the City of Recife-PE) Medicina Veterinária. 2(1): 10-16. (dry dog food, Lasioderma serricorne, Oryzaephilus surinanmensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Machado, Eduardo H.L.; Leucio C. Alves, Maria A. da G. Faustino and Erilane de C.L. Machado. 2008. Ocorrência de Coleópteros em Alimentos Industrializados para Cães, Comercializados na Região Metropolitana de Recife, PE (Occurrence of Weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera) in Pet Food Traded in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil) Neotropical Entomology 37(5): 602-605. (dry dog food, Lasioderma serricorne, Oryzaephilus surinanmensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Madenjian, J. J., J. D. Eifert and J. F. Lawrence. 1993. Ciidae: newly recognized beetle pests of commercial dried mushrooms. J. Stored Prod. Res. 29: 45-48. (dried mushroom, Cis asiaticus, Cis chinensis, Orthocis auriculariae)

Mailafiya, D. M., Z. Dauda, M. M. Degri, B. G. J. Kabir and Y. T. Maina. 2014. An appraisal of insect pests associated with cereal grains traded in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. International Letters of Natural Sciences 14: 76-83. (maize, millet, rice, sorghum, wheat, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Mailafiya, D. M., Maina, Y. T., Degri, M. M. and Gadzama, U. N. 2014. Traders’ perception of food grain storage and pest management in Dalwa market, Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research 2(4): 62-70. (bambaranut, cowpea, groundnut, maize, sorghum, millet, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais, Rhizopertha dominica, Trogoderma granarium, Tribolium castaneum, Callosobruchus subinnotatus)

Mariana, A., Ho, T.M., Lau, T.Y., Heah, S.K. and Wong, A.L. 2009. Distribution of arthropods in rice grains in Malaysia. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Med. 2(5): 1-7. (rice, Austroglycyphagus malaysiensis, Cheyletus fortis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Grammolichus malukuensis, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Suidasia pontifica)

Mariana, A., S. K. Heah, A. L. Wong and T. M. Ho. 2010. The occurrence of arthropods in processed rice products in Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 3: 552-554. (rice flour, cereal-based infant food, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Nwana, Ifedioramma E. 1993. Survey of storage coleoptera with at­tack dried cocoyam chips in Nigeria. J. Stored Prod. Res. 29(1): 95-98. (dried cocoyam chips,  Araecerus fasciculatus, Brachypelus pilosellw, Callosobruchus maculatus, Carpophilus hemipterus, Dermestes maculatus, Dinoderus procellus, Lasioderma serricorne, Necrobia rufipes, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus zeamais, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, Tribolium confusum)

Obadofin, A., A. O. Joda and J. A. Oluitan. 2013. Market survey of insect infestation of dried root and tuber products across Nigeria-Benin land border. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 3(5): 72-77. (dried cassava chips, yam chips and yam flour, Acarus siro, Araecerus fasciculatus, Cryptolestes ferruginensis, Cadra cautella, Lasioderma serricorne, Plodia interpunctella, Protesphanus truncatus, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium)

Onyido, A.E., Zeibe, C.C., Okonkwo, N.J., Ezugbo-Nwobi, I.K., Egbuche, C.M., Udemezue, I.O. and Ezeanya, L.C. 2011. Damage caused by the bean Bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) on different legume seeds on sale in Awka and Onitsha Markets, Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria. African Research Review 5(4): 116-123. (Glycine max (Soya beans) (1.6%), Cucumix melon (melon) (not damaged), Arachis hypogea (groundnut) (not damaged), Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (3.4%), Phaseolus radiates (Ground bean) (20.2%),Voandzeia subrerranea (bambara nuts) (22.5%), Vigna unguiculata (cowpea, brown and iron) (52.4, 59.3%), Callosobruchus maculatus)

Osuji, F. N. C. 1974. Beetle infestation in dried fish purchased from a Nigerian market, with  special reference to Dermestes maculatus Degeer. Nigerian J. Entomol. 1: 69-79. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus)

Osuji, F. N. C. 1980. Observations on beetles attacking dried yams and yam flour from three Nigerian markets. Trop. Stored Prod. Information 39: 35-38. (yam and yam flour, Dinoderus porcellus, Lasioderma serricorne)

Oyebanji, A. O., M. H. Ibrahim, S. O. Okanlawon, S. O. Okunade, and E. F. Awagu. 2011. Moisture contents, mouldiness, insect infestation and acceptability of market samples of dried ‘tatase’ pepper and tomato in Kano, Nigeria. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 2:200-207. (dried chilli pepperdried tomato, Tribolium, Ephestia, Corcyra)

Seini, Seidu Shaibu 1998. A Search for Indigenous Parasitoids for the Control of the Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana. (Anisopteromalus calandrae and Dinarmus basalis associated respectively with Sitophilus zeamais in maize and Callosobruchus maculatus in cowpea were found to be the most abundant and most frequent in market samples. Callosobruchus maculatus also was parasitized by Eupelmus vuilleti in cowpeas. Holepyris sylvanidis (Brethes) (Hymenoptera.: Bethylidae) was associated with Tribolium castaneum in maize.)

Silva, Thiarles Tezolim and Fábio Medeiros da Costa. 2016. Survey of Insects that Attack Stored Bean Grains Vigna unguiculata (L.) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. in Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil. EntomoBrasilis 9(2): 124-128. (cowpea, beans, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Callosobruchus maculatus, Zabrotes subfasciatus)

Srinath, D. 1984. Pest infestation in export oriented spices and dry fruit. Plant Prot. Bull. 36 (2/3): 113-116. (black pepper, cashew, cardemon, chillies, coriander, ginger, mushroom, myrobalan, tamarind, tobacco, turmeric, walnut, Ahasverus advena, Araecerus fasciculatus, Cadra cautella, Caryedon serratus, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes pusillus, Lasioderma serricorne, Latheticus oryzae, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus linearis, Sitophilus oryzae, Stegobium paniceum, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Trogoderma granarium, Tribolium castaneum)

Srinath, D. and C. Prasad. 1975. Lasioderma serricorne F. as a major pest of stored turmeric. Bull. Grain Techn. 13: 170-171. (turmeric, Lasioderma serricorne)

Suleiman, M. 2016. Insect pest’s infestation of three stored grains in some markets of Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Zoological and Bioscience Research 3: 15-19. (cowpea, maize, sorghum, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium castaneum)

Thangavelu, K. 1981. First report of Stegobium paniceum (L,) on some stored food products and notes on its biology. Bull. Grain Techn. 19(2): 150-152. (Asafoetida, green gram, rice, Stegobium paniceum)

Thind, B.B. and  P.G. Clarke 2001. The Occurrence of Mites in Cereal-Based Foods Destined for Human Consumption and Possible Consequences of Infestation. Experimental & Applied Acarology 25(3): 203–215. (cereal-based food including baby food, bread, biscuits, cakes, cereal, flour and mixes, Acarus siro, Glycyphagus domesticus, Lepidoglyphus destructor, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Toh, Chung. 1998. Studies on pest insects of crude drugs. Korean J. Pharmacogn. 29(4): 365-373. (crude drugs, Anthrenus verbasci, Stegobium paniceum)

Yamamoto, Kikuzo 1963 On Acaridae in stored foodstuffs II. Acaridae in foodstuffs displayed at stores. Osaka Shiritsu Daigaku igaku zasshi 12(7-9): 253-264 (dried binito flakes, soybean paste, sugar, sea tangles, Tyrophagus dimidiatus and Carpoglyphus lactis dominant)

Zakka, U., N. E. S. Lale and V. C. Okereke. 2010. A survey of pests of stored ginger (Zingiber officinale (Rosc.)) in some selected markets in River State, Nigeria. African J. Agric. Res. 5: 2529-2534. (ginger, Cadra cautella, Lasioderma serricorne, Trogoderma granarium)

 

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