Market Surveys for Insect and Mite Infestation

Twenty commodities out of 77 were included in more than one of 66 surveys for arthropod infestation of commodities being sold in markets (maize (18), cowpea (8), rice (9), sorghum (7), bean (7), dried fish (4), millet (4), groundnut (4), pet food (3), yam flour (3), cashew (2), cassava chip (2), chillies (2), dates (3), dry dog food (2), figs (2), ginger (2), turmeric (2), wheat (2), yams (1), almond, apricots dried, Asafoetida, baby food, bambara nut, biscuit, black pepper, bread, cake, canary seed, cardemon, cassava, cassava flour, cereal, cheese, coriander, cottonseed, crude drug, dog food, dried binito flakes, dried cocoyam chip, dried mushroom, dried tomato, flax seed, green gram, Indian savory preparations, kola nut, lentil, melon, mixes, myrobalan, nutmeg, oat, peanut and milk confectionery, pea, pigeon pea, plums, raisin, ration for hog and birds, rice flour, safflower, sarson cake, sea tangle, sesame seed, sorghum drummondii seed, soybean meal, soybean paste, sugar, sunflower seed, tamarind, tobacco, Turkish dairy products (surk), walnut, wheat flour, wheat powder (suji), yam chips). Six were cereal grains (maize, millet, oat, rice, sorghum and wheat), 11 were grain products (baby food, biscuit, bread, cake, cereal, mixes, rice flour, soybean meal, soybean paste, wheat flour and wheat powder (suji)), 5 were dried fruits (apricot, dates, fig, plum and raisins), 9 were legumes (bambara nut, bean, cowpea, green gram, groundnut, lentil, pea, pigeon pea and soybean), 3 were nuts (almond, cashew and walnut), 7 were oil seeds (flax seed, groundnut, safflower, sarson cake, sesame seed, cottonseed and sunflower seed), 10 were seasonings (Asafoetida, black pepper, cardamon, chillies, coriander, dried tomato, ginger, Indian savory preparations, nutmeg and turmeric) and 27 were other commodities. More than one survey was done in six out of 20 countries (Nigeria (19), Brazil (12), India (7), Ghana (6), Benin (2), Malaysia (2), Australia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Czech Republic, Egyptian, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Togo, Turkey, United Kingdom, United State of America). The number of market surveys per decade increased from 2 to 6 to 10 to 10 to 12 to 20 between 1961-1970 and 2011-2020. The number of countries per decade increased from 2 to 11 over this period. Ten of these market surveys were cited on page 2 of Stored-Product Insect Resource book. Commodities (in bold) and insect or mite species are given in parenthenses after the reference for each market survey.

Only insects were reported in 47 of 59 surveys and 18 of the 57 insect species were reported in more than one survey (Tribolium castaneum (20), Rhyzopertha dominica (16), Sitophilus zeamais (14), Sitophilus oryzae (12), Lasioderma serricorne (10), Callosobruchus maculatus (9), Oryzaephilus surinanmensis (8), Araecerus fasciculatus (7), Trogoderma granarium (7), Dermestes maculatus (6), Necrobia rufipes (5), Corcyra cephalonica (4), Cryptolestes ferrugineus (6), Protesphanus truncatus (5), Dinoderus procellus (4), Sitophilus granarius (4), Sitotroga cerealella (4), Stegoblum paniceum (4), Tenebroides mauritanicus (4), Tribolium confusum (4), Cadra cautella (3), Anisopteromalus calandrae (2), Callosobruchus subinnotatus (2), Cryptolestes pusillus (2), Oryzaephilus mercator (2), Plodia interpunctella (2), Acanthoscelides obtectus, Ahasverus advena, Alphitobius laevigatus, Anthrenus verbasci, Balanogastris kolae, Brachypelus pilosellus, Bruchidius altrolineatus, Callosobruchus analis, Callosobruchus chinensis, Callosobruchus rhodesianus, Carpophilus dimidiatus, Carpophilus hemipterus, Caryedon serratus, Cathartus quadricollis, Cis asiaticus, Cis chinensis, Coccotrypes dactyliperda, Dinarmus basalis, Eupelmus vuilleti, Holepyris sylvanidis, Horismenus depressus, Horismenus missouriensis, Horismenus productus, Latheticus oryzae, Lophocateres pusillus, Necrobia ruficollis, Orthocis auriculariae, Sitophilus linearis, Sophrorhinus ghanjaensis, Sophrorhinus quadricristatus, Zabrotes subfasciatus). Six parasite species are in bold.

Only mite or spider species were reported in 8 of 59 surveys and 13 of the 32 mite or spider species were reported in more than one survey (Tyrophagus putrescentiae (8), Suidasia pontifica (7), Cheyletus malaccensis (5), Blattisocius tarsalis (4), Blattisocius keegani (3), Blomia tropicalis (3), Acarophenax tribolii (2), Acarus siro (2), Carpoglyphus lactis (2), Cheyletus fortis (2), Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (2), Glycyphagus domesticus (2), Tarsonemus granarius (2), Aleuroglyphus ovatus, Austroglycyphagus geniculatus, Austroglycyphagus malaysiensis, Blattisocius dentriticus, Blomia freemani, Caloglyphus hughesi, Caloglyphus oudemansi, Cheyletus eruditus, Chortoglyphus arcuatus, Dermatophagoides farinae, Grammolichus malukuensis, Ker bakeri, Kleemannia plumigera, Lardoglyphus konoi, Lepidoglyphus destructor, Rhizoglyphus callae, Suidasia nesbitti, Theridion saxatile (spider), Tyrophagus dimidiatus). Eight predator species are in bold. Four of 59 surveys included both insects and mites.

Market Survey References

Abdulla, Sumaya Ahmad and Ahmed Salih Khalaf 2016. A comprehensive study on bird seed mixtures entered to Iraqi Kurdistan region markets. Journal of University of Duhok.19(1): 218-228. (canary seed, flax seed, safflower, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium castaneum, Tribolium confusum)

Adesuyi, S.A. 1971. A survey of moisture content and insect infestation pattern on dried yams for twenty-one months in the market at Ibadan (Western State). Report of Nigeria Stored Products Research Institute, 10: 65-71. (yam, Araecerus fasciculatus, Dinoderus porcellus, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum)

Aisagbonhi, C.I. 1988. Pest incidence in marketed date palm fruits in Dulse, Kano State, Nigeria. Date palm Journal 6(1): 287-298. (dates, Araecerus fasciculatus, Coccotrypes dactyliperda, Oryzaephilus mercator, Plodia interpunctella)

Al-Nasser, Abir Sulaiman. 2011. Quantitative survey of stored products mites infesting wheat flour in Jeddah Governorate. Journal of Entomology and Nematology 3(6): 78-84. (wheat flour, Acarophenax tribolii, Blattisocius keegani, Blattisocius tarsalis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Dermatophagoides farinae)

Awoyemi, M. D. 1991. Preliminary observations on the incidence of insect pests and related damage to stored dried fish in Kainji Lake area. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 12(4): 361-365. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus)

Aygun, Osman, Mehmet Yaman and Hisamettin Durmaz. 2007. A survey on occurrence of Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridae) in Surk, a traditional Turkish dairy product. Journal of Food Engineering 78: 878–881. (Turkish dairy products, Surk; Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Ayertey, J. N., and Ibitoye, J. O. 1987. Infestation of maize and sorghum seeds by Sitophilus, Rhyzopertha and Sitotroga in three contiguous climatic zones in Nigeria, Insect Sci. Applic. 8: 981-987. (maize, sorghum, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella)

Baggio, Domingos, Sumie M. Figueiredo, Carlos H.W. Flechtmann, Glaydes Quadros Zambon and Silvia H.G. de Miranda. 1987. Avaliação da presença de ácaros em cereais armazenados na Grande São Paulo. (Evaluation of the presence of mites in grain stored in the São Paulo) Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz 44(1): 617-626. (bean, maize, oat, pea, rice, sorghum, wheat, Aleuroglyphus ovatus, Blattisocius dentriticus, Blomia tropicalis, Cheyletus eruditus, Cheyletus fortis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Chortoglyphus arcuatus, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Glycyphagus domesticus, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Baoua, I.B., L. Amadou, O.N. Bakoye, O. Abdoulaye, D. Baributsa and L.L. Murdock. 2016. Maize quality in markets in four West African countries. J. Stored Prod. Res. 69: 26-30. (maize, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Prostephanus truncatus, Sitophilus spp., Tribolium spp.)

Bawa, Samuel Abukari, Enoch Kofi Selorm Ofori and Michael Osae. 2017. Species diversity and relative abundance of Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea in four major agricultural produce markets in the central region, Ghana. J. Stored Prod. Res. 72: 117-120. (cowpea, Callosobruchus maculatus, Callosobruchus rhodesianus, Callosobruchus chinensis Callosobruchus analis, Callosobruchus subinnotatus)

Begum, Anwara, Humayun Reza Khan, and M. L. Shahriar. 1997. Seasonal fluctuation of insects infesting the dry fishes in a market of Dhaka city. Journal of the Asiatic Society Bangladesh, Science 23: 315-318. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus, Necrobia ruficollis, Necrobia rufipes, Lasioderma serricorne)

Brar, H. S., B. S. Chahal, and M. Ramzan. 1987. Insect pests of stored oilseeds in Punjab and Chandigarh. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University 24(3): 437-440. (groundnut, sarson cake, sesame seed, cottonseed, sunflower seed), Alphitobius laevigatus, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes pusillus, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Sitophilus oryzae, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Chakravorty, Sanjib and Haran Chandra Das 1985. Bioclimatology of the larva of the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton on the wheat powder in grocer’s shops in hooghl y district of West Bengal. Bull. Ent. 26(1): 14-16 (wheat powder (suji), Corcyra cephalonica)

Chander H.; Kulkarni S.G.; Berry S.K., 1990: Infestation and breeding capability of insect pests in some Indian savory preparations. Annals of Biology (Hissar). 6(1): 69-74 (Indian savory preparations, Stegoblum paniceum, Rhyzopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum)

Chimoya, I. A. and Abdullahi, G. 2011. Species compositions and relative abundance of insect pest associated with some stored cereal grains in selected markets of Maiduguri metropolitan. Journal of American Science, 7(4): 355-358. (maize, millet, rice, sorghum, Cryptolestes, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Compton, J. A. F., S. Floyd, P. A. Magrath, S. Addo, S. R. Gbedevi, B. Agbo, G. Bokor, S. Amekupe, Z. Motey, H. Penni and S. Kumi. 1998. Involving grain traders in determining the effect of postharvest insect damage on the price of maize in African markets. Crop Prot. 17: 483-489. (maize, Sitophilus zeamais, Prostephanus truncatus)

Danso, J.K., E.A. Osekre, G.P. Opit, N. Manu, P. Armstrong, F.H. Arthur, J.F. Campbell, G. Mbata and S.G. McNeill. 2018. Post-harvest insect infestation and mycotoxin levels in maize markets in the Middle Belt of Ghana. J. Stored Prod. Res. 77: 9-15. (maize, Carpophilus dimidiatus, Cathartus quadricollis, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium castaneum)

Daramola, A. M. 1976. Weevil infestation of kolanuts in the field and markets in western Nigeria. Nigerian J. Entomol. 2: 21-27. (kola nut, Balanogastris kolae, Sophrorhinus quadricristatus, Sophrorhinus ghanjaensis)

Degheidi, M. A., and S. S. El-Gendi. 1995. Effect of seasonal variation and storage period on the insect infestation of “Ras” Cheese. Egyptian J. Food Sci. 23(1/2): 47-56. (cheese, Dermestes maculatus, Lasioderma serricorne, Tribolium confusum)

de Sousa, J., M. Gondim, R. Barros and J. de Oliveira. 2005. Mites in stored foods commercialized in supermarkets and markets in Recife. Neotropical Entomol. 34: 303-309. (bean, maize, pet food, Acarophenax tribolii, Austroglycyphagus geniculatus, Blattisocius keegani, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia freemani, Caloglyphus hughesi, Caloglyphus oudemansi, Cheyletus malaccensis, Ker bakeri, Kleemannia plumigera, Rhizoglyphus callae, Suidasia pontifica, Tarsonemus granarius, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Eke, F. N., Ekechukwu, N. E. and Onah, I. 2008. Arthropod pests of dried fish and fish by product in a tropical urban community market. Animal Research International 5(3): 900-903. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus, Necrobia rufipes, Lardoglyphus konoi, Theridion saxatile, Tribolium castaneum)

Egbon, I. N., and J. N. Ayertey. 2013. Incidence of Sitophilus oryzae and Other Stored-product Pests on Cowpea in Local Markets in Accra: Management Strategies Employed by Retailers. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 16(9): 435-438. (cowpea, Anisopteromalus calandrae, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae)

Franzolin, Marcia Regina, Domingos Baggio, Marlene Correia and Regina Maria Morelli Silva Rodriguez. 1994. Presenca de acaros em doces de amendoim e de leite vendidos por ambulantes na cidade de Sao Paulo (Presence of mites in peanut and milk confectionery sold by street vendors in Sao Paolo city) Revista do Instituto Adolfo Lutz 54(1): 11-15. (peanut and milk confectionery, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia troicalis, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Franzolin, M. and D. Baggio. 2000. Mite contamination in polished rice and beans commercialized in municipal markets. Rev. Saude Publica 34: 77-83. (rice, bean, Blattisocius tarsalis, Blomia tropicalis, Suidasia pontifica, Tarsonemus granarius, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Galvão, Andréia Serra; Silva, Ester Azevedo; Sousa, Josilene Maria de; Silva, Rafael R.; Silva, Maria de Jesus and Ribeiro, Ana Elizabete Lopes. 2011. Acarofauna em produtos alimentícios comercializados em mercados de São Luís-MA. (Acarofauna in food products marketed in Sao Luis, MA markets) Magistra, Cruz das Almas 23(4): 252–256. (beans, cassava flour, corn, rations for hog and birds, rice, soybean meal, Blattisocius keegani, Cheyletus malaccensis, Suidasia nesbitti, Suidasia pontifica)

Gredilha, Rodrigo, Priscilla Ribeiro Saavedra, Luciana Guerim, Aurino Florêncio de Lima, and Nicolau Maués Serra-Freire. 2005. Ocorrência de Oryzaephilus surinamensis Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera:Cucujidae) E Necrobia rufipes De Geer, 1775 (Coleoptera: Cleridae) infestando rações de animais domésticos (Occurrence of Oryzaephilus surinamensis Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera: Cucujidae) e Necrobia rufipes De Geer, 1775 (Coleoptera: Cleridae) infesting pet food) Entomología y vectores 12(1): 95-103. (pet food, Necrobia rufipes, Oryzaephilus surinamensis)

Gredilha, R., and A. F. Lima. 2007. First record of Necrobia rufipes (De Geer, 1775) (Coleoptera; Cleridae) associated with pet food in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 67(1): 187. (pet food, Necrobia rufipes)

Halliday, D. 1966. Insect damage to foods on sale in a Kano market. Technical Report of the Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute 13:103-107. (cowpea, maize, sorghum, Bruchidius altrolineatus, Callosobruchus maculatus, Oryzaephilus mercator, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus, Tribolium)

Hansson, C., A. Aebi and B. Benrey. 2004. Horismenus species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in a bruchid beetle parasitoid guild, including the description of a new species. Zootaxa 548: 1-16. (bean, Horismenus depressus, Horismenus missouriensis, Horismenus productus)

Hibberson, C.E. and Vogelnest, L.J. 2014. Storage mite contamination of commercial dry dog food in south-eastern Australia. Aust. Vet. J. 92, 219-224. (dog food, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Ho, S. H. and Z. Zainy. 1985. Insect infestation and distribution in bagged lentils. p. 21-25. In R. L. Semple and A. S. Frio (eds) Research and Development Systems and Linkages for a viable grain post-harvest industry in the humid tropics. Proc. 8th ASEAN Technical Seminar on Grain Post-Harvest Technology, Manila, Philippines. (lentil, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais)

Hubert, J., T. Erban, M. Nesvorna, and V. Stejskal. 2011. Emerging risk of infestation and contamination of dried fruits by mites in the Czech Republic. Food Addit. Contam. 28: 1129-1135. (dried apricots, figs, plums, raisins, Carpoglyphus lactis)

Ivbijaro, M. F., 1978. Deterioration of commercial maize (Zea mays L.) by insects and fungus. p. 309-312. Caswell, G.H.; Boshoff, W.H.; Daramola, A.M.; Dina, S.O.; Adesuyi, S.A.; Singh, S.R.; Ivbijaro, M.F.; Adeyemi, S.A.O. and Taylor, T.A. eds. Proceedings of the 2nd International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology, 10-16 September 1978, Ibadan, Nigeria. (maize, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Kouadio Dagobert, K. R. A., Koffi Eric Kwadjo, and Bleu Gondo Douan. N’ciheny Natacha Dominique Kouadio and Mamadou Doumbia. 2017. Insect pests of grains stocks in markets of Abidjan’s district (Côte d’Ivoire). International Journal of Development Research 7(10): 15996-16000. (maize, rice, millet, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Lophocateres pusillus, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Prostephanus truncatus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum)

Kumar, T. P., S. N. Moorthy, C. Balagopalan, C. A. Jayaprakas and P. Rajamma. 1996. Quality changes in market cassava chips infested by insects. J. Stored Prod. Res. 32: 183-186. (cassava chips, Araecerus fasciculatus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae)

Machado, E.H.L., Alves, L.C., Faustino, M.A.G., Dezotti, C.H. 2008. Frequência de in-setos-praga em alimento industrializado para cães comercializados na cidade de Recife-PE. (Frequency of stored-insect products in pet food traded in the City of Recife-PE) Medicina Veterinária. 2(1): 10-16. (dry dog food, Lasioderma serricorne, Oryzaephilus surinanmensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Machado, Eduardo H.L.; Leucio C. Alves, Maria A. da G. Faustino and Erilane de C.L. Machado. 2008. Ocorrência de Coleópteros em Alimentos Industrializados para Cães, Comercializados na Região Metropolitana de Recife, PE (Occurrence of Weevils (Insecta: Coleoptera) in Pet Food Traded in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil) Neotropical Entomology 37(5): 602-605. (dry dog food, Lasioderma serricorne, Oryzaephilus surinanmensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum)

Madenjian, J. J., J. D. Eifert and J. F. Lawrence. 1993. Ciidae: newly recognized beetle pests of commercial dried mushrooms. J. Stored Prod. Res. 29: 45-48. (dried mushroom, Cis asiaticus, Cis chinensis, Orthocis auriculariae)

Mailafiya, D. M., Z. Dauda, M. M. Degri, B. G. J. Kabir and Y. T. Maina. 2014. An appraisal of insect pests associated with cereal grains traded in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. International Letters of Natural Sciences 14: 76-83. (maize, millet, rice, sorghum, wheat, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium)

Mailafiya, D. M., Maina, Y. T., Degri, M. M. and Gadzama, U. N. 2014. Traders’ perception of food grain storage and pest management in Dalwa market, Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research 2(4): 62-70. (bambaranut, cowpea, groundnut, maize, sorghum, millet, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais, Rhizopertha dominica, Trogoderma granarium, Tribolium castaneum, Callosobruchus subinnotatus)

Manu, N., Opit, G.P., Osekre, E.A., Arthur, F.H., Mbata, G., Armstrong, P., Danso, J.K., McNeill, S.G., Campbell, J., 2019. Moisture content, insect pest infestation and mycotoxin levels of maize in markets in the Northern Region of Ghana. J. Stored Prod. Res. 80, 10‒20. (maize, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Rhyzopertha dominica Sitophilus spp., Tribolium castaneum)

Mariana, A., Ho, T.M., Lau, T.Y., Heah, S.K. and Wong, A.L. 2009. Distribution of arthropods in rice grains in Malaysia. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Med. 2(5): 1-7. (rice, Austroglycyphagus malaysiensis, Cheyletus fortis, Cheyletus malaccensis, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Grammolichus malukuensis, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Suidasia pontifica)

Mariana, A., S. K. Heah, A. L. Wong and T. M. Ho. 2010. The occurrence of arthropods in processed rice products in Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 3: 552-554. (rice flour, cereal-based infant food, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Suidasia pontifica, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Nwana, Ifedioramma E. 1993. Survey of storage coleoptera with at­tack dried cocoyam chips in Nigeria. J. Stored Prod. Res. 29(1): 95-98. (dried cocoyam chips,  Araecerus fasciculatus, Brachypelus pilosellw, Callosobruchus maculatus, Carpophilus hemipterus, Dermestes maculatus, Dinoderus procellus, Lasioderma serricorne, Necrobia rufipes, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus zeamais, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Tribolium castaneum, Tribolium confusum)

Nwaubani, Samuel I., Grace O. Otitodun, Shekinat K. Ajao, George P. Opit, Adeola A. Ala, Mobolaji O. Omobowale, Jonathan C. Ogwumike, Grace I. Abel, Moses O. Ogundare, Jafar A. Braimah, Busari S. Gbenga, Akhere E. Olenloa, Olumuyiwa R. Kolayemi, Samuel G. McNeill, Klein E. Ileleji 2020. Assessing efficacies of insect pest management methods for stored bagged maize preservation in storehouses located in Nigerian markets. J. Stored Prod. Res. 86, 101566 (maize, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Liposcelis spp., Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Prostephanus truncatus, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum)

Obadofin, A., A. O. Joda and J. A. Oluitan. 2013. Market survey of insect infestation of dried root and tuber products across Nigeria-Benin land border. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 3(5): 72-77. (dried cassava chips, yam chips and yam flour, Acarus siro, Araecerus fasciculatus, Cryptolestes ferruginensis, Cadra cautella, Lasioderma serricorne, Plodia interpunctella, Protesphanus truncatus, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium)

Ogebegbe, Abo and Edoreh, J.A. 2014. An Evaluation of Infestation of Insect Pests of Flours in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 18(3): 487-494. (cassava, maize, wheat and yam flours, Araecerus fasciaculatus, Dinoderus porcellus, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Sitophilus oryzae, Tenebrioides mauritanicus and Tribolium castaneum)

Ono, Yasumasa, Keiichi Sakai, and Hiroshi Monma. 1970. Pest Insects of Confections in Miyagi Prefecture, with Special Reference to Ecology of the Indian Meal Moth, Plodia interpunctella I. Food Hygiene and Safety Science (Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi) 11: S1–6 (Confectionary, Plodia interpunctella, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Ptinus japonicus)

Onyido, A.E., Zeibe, C.C., Okonkwo, N.J., Ezugbo-Nwobi, I.K., Egbuche, C.M., Udemezue, I.O. and Ezeanya, L.C. 2011. Damage caused by the bean Bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) on different legume seeds on sale in Awka and Onitsha Markets, Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria. African Research Review 5(4): 116-123. (Glycine max (Soya beans) (1.6%), Cucumix melon (melon) (not damaged), Arachis hypogea (groundnut) (not damaged), Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (3.4%), Phaseolus radiates (Ground bean) (20.2%),Voandzeia subrerranea (bambara nuts) (22.5%), Vigna unguiculata (cowpea, brown and iron) (52.4, 59.3%), Callosobruchus maculatus)

Osuji, F. N. C. 1974. Beetle infestation in dried fish purchased from a Nigerian market, with  special reference to Dermestes maculatus Degeer. Nigerian J. Entomol. 1: 69-79. (dried fish, Dermestes maculatus)

Osuji, F. N. C. 1980. Observations on beetles attacking dried yams and yam flour from three Nigerian markets. Trop. Stored Prod. Information 39: 35-38. (yam and yam flour, Dinoderus porcellus, Lasioderma serricorne)

Oyebanji, A. O., M. H. Ibrahim, S. O. Okanlawon, S. O. Okunade, and E. F. Awagu. 2011. Moisture contents, mouldiness, insect infestation and acceptability of market samples of dried ‘tatase’ pepper and tomato in Kano, Nigeria. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 2:200-207. (dried chilli pepperdried tomato, Tribolium, Ephestia, Corcyra)

Prakash, Anand and Jagadiswari Rao 1987. Damage due to Oryzaephilus surinamensis Linn. in stored milled rice. Bulletin of Grain Technology 25(3): 271–274. (Milled rice, Cryptolestes pusillus, Latheticus oryzae, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium castaneum)

Salisu, Z. I., S. J. Oniye, T. S. Anjorin, Y. A. Wada, M. Abubakar, and M. M. Abdulkarim 2021. Insect pests of dried date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits sold in selected markets in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences (DUJOPAS) 7(1):  232-241. (Dates, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (47.4%), Tribolium confusum (21.1%), Carpophilus hemipterus (7.9%)), Lexostege nudalis (10.5%), Aphthona whitefieldi (5.3%))

Seini, Seidu Shaibu 1998. A Search for Indigenous Parasitoids for the Control of the Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana. (Anisopteromalus calandrae and Dinarmus basalis associated respectively with Sitophilus zeamais in maize and Callosobruchus maculatus in cowpea were found to be the most abundant and most frequent in market samples. Callosobruchus maculatus also was parasitized by Eupelmus vuilleti in cowpeas. Holepyris sylvanidis (Brethes) (Hymenoptera.: Bethylidae) was associated with Tribolium castaneum in maize.)

Silva, Thiarles Tezolim and Fábio Medeiros da Costa. 2016. Survey of Insects that Attack Stored Bean Grains Vigna unguiculata (L.) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. in Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil. EntomoBrasilis 9(2): 124-128. (cowpea, beans, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Callosobruchus maculatus, Zabrotes subfasciatus)

Srinath, D. 1984. Pest infestation in export oriented spices and dry fruit. Plant Prot. Bull. 36 (2/3): 113-116. (black pepper, cashew, cardemon, chillies, coriander, ginger, mushroom, myrobalan, tamarind, tobacco, turmeric, walnut, Ahasverus advena, Araecerus fasciculatus, Cadra cautella, Caryedon serratus, Corcyra cephalonica, Cryptolestes pusillus, Lasioderma serricorne, Latheticus oryzae, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus linearis, Sitophilus oryzae, Stegobium paniceum, Tenebroides mauritanicus, Trogoderma granarium, Tribolium castaneum)

Srinath, D. and C. Prasad. 1975. Lasioderma serricorne F. as a major pest of stored turmeric. Bull. Grain Techn. 13: 170-171. (turmeric, Lasioderma serricorne)

Suleiman, M. 2016. Insect pest’s infestation of three stored grains in some markets of Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Zoological and Bioscience Research 3: 15-19. (cowpea, maize, sorghum, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais, Sitotroga cerealella, Tribolium castaneum)

Tazbian, Farhana 2016. Survey, Damage Assessment and Biology Study of Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis. MS thesis, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka. (cashew nut, almond, groundnut, nutmeg, dried dates, Oryzaephilus surinamensis)

Teixeira, David Lopes, Pedro Guilherme Lemes, Thiago Gomes dos Santos Braz, Germano Leão Demolin Leite, and José Cola Zanuncio. 2021. Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infestation on seeds of Sorghum drummondii (Poaceae) in packages sold in retail stores. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 65(2), e20200129 (Sorghum drummondii seed, Rhyzopertha dominica)

Thangavelu, K. 1981. First report of Stegobium paniceum (L,) on some stored food products and notes on its biology. Bull. Grain Techn. 19(2): 150-152. (Asafoetida, green gram, rice, Stegobium paniceum)

Thind, B.B. and  P.G. Clarke 2001. The Occurrence of Mites in Cereal-Based Foods Destined for Human Consumption and Possible Consequences of Infestation. Experimental & Applied Acarology 25(3): 203–215. (cereal-based food including baby food, bread, biscuits, cakes, cereal, flour and mixes, Acarus siro, Glycyphagus domesticus, Lepidoglyphus destructor, Tyrophagus putrescentiae)

Toh, Chung. 1998. Studies on pest insects of crude drugs. Korean J. Pharmacogn. 29(4): 365-373. (crude drugs, Anthrenus verbasci, Stegobium paniceum)

Yamamoto, Kikuzo 1963 On Acaridae in stored foodstuffs II. Acaridae in foodstuffs displayed at stores. Osaka Shiritsu Daigaku igaku zasshi 12(7-9): 253-264 (dried binito flakes, soybean paste, sugar, sea tangles, Tyrophagus dimidiatus and Carpoglyphus lactis dominant)

Zakka, U., N. E. S. Lale and V. C. Okereke. 2010. A survey of pests of stored ginger (Zingiber officinale (Rosc.)) in some selected markets in River State, Nigeria. African J. Agric. Res. 5: 2529-2534. (ginger, Cadra cautella, Lasioderma serricorne, Trogoderma granarium)

Additional References not included in tabulation

Abbasi, Ibrahim, Lamia Halaseh, Hisham M. Darwish, and Imad Matouk. 2021. Strategy for DNA extraction and detection from insect pests in stored home grain samples. Al-Quds University Journal for Academic Research 1(1): 24-32. (corn, groat, lentils, rice, wheat, corn flakes, chickpeas, cumin, sesame, barely, animal feed, Oryzaephilus spp., Plodia Interpunctella, Rhyzopertha dominica, Samea spp., Sitophilus spp.) from local wholesale grocery stores’

van Alebeek, F. A. N. 1996. Natural suppression of bruchid pests in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in West Africa. Int. J. Pest Manage. 42: 55-60. (Cowpea, Callosobruchus maculatus, Dinarmus spp., Eupelimus spp.)


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s