Suitability of Commodities by Insect and Mite Pest Species

Temperature and moisture of commodities are generally the most important factors determining development, reproduction and population growth of insect and mite pests, but diet can also be important. Two books (Stored Product Insect Resource Table 4.3 pages 347-362 and Atlas of Stored Product Insects and Mites Table 4.1 pages 223-257) and this website (Suitability of Foods) have compiled by commodity the literature on the suitability of commodities for stored-product insect and mite pest development (dev), reproduction (fec) and population growth (pop). See these sources for full literature citations of the original published papers. Here these compilations of the suitability of commodities for each of 94 stored-product insect species are reorganized by pest species and the frequency of the differences in suitabilities between studies is analyzed in more detail. In first table, after each commodity the life history trait evaluated (dev, fec or pop), suitability (s, m or u) and the number of studies (when there was more than one) are given. Commodities are scored as marginal if insects may be unlikely to produce another generation because the developmental time of insects on them is twice the average developmental time on a suitable commodity, the number of offspring is less than 10% of that on a suitable commodity or the survival rate of offspring is less than 10% of that on a suitable commodity.

A second table updates a summary of the suitability of commodities for each insect and mite pest species in Stored Product Insect Resource (Table 4.4, page 363) and Atlas of Stored Product Insects and Mites (Table 4.2, pages 258-259). For sixty-seven percent of the 52 species with fewer than 10 commodities, all of the suitability scores were from a single publication. For the 42 species with more commodities, all of the suitability scores were from a single publication for only Trogoderma angustum, Idaea inquinata, Palorus ratzeburgii, Tribolium freemani and Hofmannophila pseudospretella.

Results differed between studies in one of two ways: 1) Commodities are suitable or marginal for a life history trait in one study but not another or 2) Commodities are suitable or marginal for one life history trait but not for another. The frequency of these differences in suitability between studies are given in a third table. For each species-commodity combination the scoring of life history traits is given. For example “dev, fec, pop=s; dev=u” in the first line of the third table indicates that barley is suitable for all three life history traits of Cadra cautella in some studies but unsuitable for development in other.

 

Suitability of Commodities by Insect and Mite Pest Species

Acanthoscelides obtectus                              

bean                                        dev              s

broad bean                              dev, fec       s

chickling vetch                          dev, fec       s

chickpea                                  dev, fec       s

cowpea                                    dev              s

haricot bean                             dev              s

kidney bean                             dev, fec       s     3

lentil                                         dev, fec       s

pea, garden                              dev, fec       s

pigeonpea                                dev              s

scarlet runner bean                   dev, fec       s

tepary bean                              dev              s

pea, field                                  dev, fec       m

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

lupine                                       dev, fec       u

soybean                                   dev, fec       u

vetch, common                         dev, fec       u

Acarus siro                                                     

maize                                       pop             s

milk, dried                                pop             s

wheat flour,  whole                     pop             s

wheat germ                              pop             s

rice, polished                            pop             m

wheat bran                               pop             m

wheat flour, white                     pop             m

Ahasverus advena                                         

insect, crushed dried                 dev              s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

wheat germ                              dev, fec       s

wheat, kibbled                         dev              s

cocoa                                      dev, fec       u

coconut                                    dev, fec       u

insect, crushed dried                 fec               u

oat, rolled                                dev, fec       u

palm kernel                              dev, fec       u

peanut                                      dev, fec       u

wheat                                       dev, fec       u

wheat flour                               dev, fec       u

Alphitobius diaperinus                                   

barley flour                               dev, fec       s     3

cowpea                                    dev              s

linseed cake                             dev              s

maize flour                               dev              s     2

rapeseed oilcake                      dev              s

rice flour                                  dev, fec       s     3

sesame oilcake                         dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     4

wheat, damaged                       dev              s

wheat, ground                          dev              s

barley                                      dev              m

black gram                               dev              m

rice                                          dev              m

maize                                       dev              u

peanut                                      dev              u

Anthreneus flavipes                                       

cloth, wool                               dev              s

hog bristle                                dev              s

cloth, cotton                             dev              u

cloth, silk                                 dev              u

Araecerus fasciculatus                                  

coffee bean                              dev              s     2

ginseng                                     dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

yam                                         dev              s

Attagenus fasciatus

milk, dried                                dev              s

tobacco seed                           dev              s

Attagenus pellio                                             

soybean meal                           dev              u

Attagenus unicolor                                         

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

Bruchidius atrolineatus                                 

adzuki bean                              dev              s     2

chickpea                                  dev              s     2

cowpea                                    dev              s     2

mung bean                               dev              s     2

bambara groundnut                  dev              u

kidney bean                             dev              u

lentil                                         dev              u

soybean                                   dev              u

Cadra calidella

carob (ground)                         dev              s

carob pieces                            dev              s

date                                         dev              s

almond                                     dev              m

raisin                                        dev              m

Cadra cautella                                                

almond                                     dev, fec, pop     s          2

almond kernel                          dev              s

barley                                      dev, fec, pop     s

barley flour                               dev              s

biscuit                                      dev, fec, pop     s

black gram flour                       dev              s

buckwheat groat                      dev, fec, pop     s

carob (ground)                         dev              s

cashew                                    dev              s

chickpea flour                          dev              s

cocoa bean                              dev, fec, pop     s

cowpea                                    dev              s

cowpea flour                            dev              s

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  dev, fec       s

date                                         dev              s     2

hazel nut                                   dev              s

hungry rice (fonio)                    dev              s

kidney bean flour                      dev              s

lentil flour                                 dev              s     2

linseed                                     dev, fec       s

maize                                       dev, fec       s     4

maize (ground)                         dev, fec       s

maize flour                               dev              s     2

maize meal                               dev, fec       s

maize, damaged                       dev, fec       s     2

milk (soy, dried)                       dev              s

millet                                        dev              s     2

millet flour (arraw)                    dev              s     2

millet semolina (sankhal)           dev              s

millet, dehulled                         dev              s

mung bean flour                        dev              s

oat flake                                   dev, fec, pop     s

oat, rolled                                dev, fec, pop     s

peanut                                      dev, fec, pop     s          4

peanut meal                              dev, fec       s

peanut, cracked                       dev, fec       s

peanut, whole                           dev, fec       s

pigeonpea flour                        dev              s

rice                                          dev, fec       s     2

rice, rolled                              dev, fec, pop     s

rice meal                                  dev, fec       s

rice, damaged                          dev, fec       s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

sesame seed                             dev, fec, pop     s          2

sorghum                                   dev, fec, pop     s          6

sorghum flour                           dev              s

sorghum, damaged                   dev              s

soybean                                   dev              s

soybean, damaged                   dev, fec       s

soybean flour                           dev              s     2

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s     2

suji                                           dev              s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          5

wheat bran                               dev, fec, pop     s

wheat flour                               dev              s     3

wheat germ                              dev, fec, pop     s

wheat meal                               dev, fec       s

wheat, damaged                       dev, fec       s

carob pieces                            dev              m

chickpea                                  dev              m

kidney bean                             dev              m

maize                                       dev              m

mung bean                               dev              m

pigeonpea                                dev              m

raisin                                        dev              m

rice (polished)                          dev, fec       m

soybean                                   dev, fec       m    2

teff                                           pop             m

barley                                      dev              u

black gram                               dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

lentil                                         dev              u

milk (baby, dried)                     dev              u

milk (reconstituted, dried)         dev              u

milk (whole, dried)                   dev              u

millet flour (arraw)                    dev              u

patent flour (maida)                  dev              u

rice, paddy                               dev, fec       u

rice, unpolished                        dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

wheat                                       dev, fec       u

Cadra figulilella                                             

almond                                     dev              s

carob (ground)                         dev              s

date                                         dev              s

raisin                                        dev              s

carob pieces                            dev              m

Callosobruchus analis                                    

black gram                               dev              s

chickpea                                  dev              s

cowpea                                    dev              s

gram                                        dev              s

moth bean                                dev              s

mung bean                               dev              s

pea                                          dev              s

pea, garden                              dev              s

pigeonpea                                dev              s

cowpea                                    dev, fec       s

Callosobruchus chinensis                              

black gram                               dev, fec       s     3

broad bean                              dev              s     2

chickling vetch                          dev              s

chickpea                                  dev, fec       s     8

cluster bean (guara)                  fec               s

cowpea                                    dev, fec       s     6

cowpea, black                         dev              s

cowpea, white                          dev              s

gram                                        dev              s

grass pea                                 dev              s

greenpea                                  dev              s

hyaciath bean                           dev              s     2

kidney bean                             fec               s

lentil                                         dev, fec       s     4

moth bean                                dev, fec       s     2

mung bean                               dev, fec       s     7

okra seed                                 fec               s

pea                                          dev, fec       s     5

pea, garden                              dev, fec       s     3

pigeonpea                                dev, fec       s     3

red gram                                  dev              s

rice bean                                  dev              s

soybean                                   fec               s

sword bean                              fec              s

cowpea                                    dev, fec       s

lentil                                         dev              m

soybean                                   dev              m

black gram                               dev              u     2

catjang                                     dev              u

cluster bean (guara)                  dev, fec       u     3

gourd seed, bottle                    fec               u

gourd seed, round                    fec               u

gourd seed, sponge                  fec               u

hyacinth bean                           dev, fec       u     2

kidney bean                             dev              u     2

pea                                          dev              u

soybean                                   dev              u     2

sword bean                              dev              u

wheat                                       dev              u

Callosobruchus maculatus                             

adzuki bean                              dev, fec       s

African yam bean                     fec               s

bambara groundnut                  dev, fec       s     4

bean, common                         dev,fec        s

black gram                               dev, fec, pop     s          9

broad bean                              dev,fec        s     4

chickpea                                  dev              s

chickpea                                  dev, fec       s     9

cowpea                                    dev, fec, pop     s          10

cowpea, blackeyed                  dev, fec       s

cowpea, white                          dev              s

gram                                        dev, fec       s     2

hyaciath bean                           dev, fec       s     4

hyacinth bean, decorticated      dev              s

lentil                                         fec               s

mung bean                               dev, fec, pop     s          12

pea                                          dev, fec       s     8

pea, garden                              dev,fec        s

pigeonpea                                dev, fec       s     5

red gram                                  dev              s

soybean                                   dev, fec       s     6

white gram, crushed                 dev              s

white gram, whole                    dev              s

African yam bean                     dev              m

lentil                                         dev              m    2

pigeonpea                                dev, fec       m    2

soybean                                   dev              m    3

cowpea, red                             dev              u

french bean                              dev, fec       u     2

grass pea                                 dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

kidney bean                             dev, fec       u     2

lentil                                         dev, fec       u     4

lima bean                                 dev              u

maize                                       dev              u

mucuna bean                            dev              u

rice                                          dev              u

rice bean                                  dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

wheat                                       dev              u

winged bean                             dev              u

Callosobruchus rhodesianus                         

adzuki bean                              dev, fec       s

chickpea                                  dev, fec       s     2

cowpea                                    dev, fec       s     2

mung bean                               dev, fec       s     2

pigeonpea                                dev, fec       s

soybean                                   dev, fec       s     2

Carpophilus dimidiatus                                  

rice, cracked rough                  dev              s

wheat bran                               dev              s

Cathartus quadricollis                                   

cowpea, damaged                    dev, pop      s

maize                                       dev              s

maize flour                               pop             s

maize, damaged                       dev, pop      s     3

melon (peeled)                         dev, pop      s

sorghum                                   dev, pop      s     2

sorghum, broken                      pop             s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat, damaged                       dev, pop      s     2

rice, damaged                          pop             m

wheat bran                               pop             m

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

Corcyra cephalonica                                      

almond                                     dev              s

almond, damaged                     dev              s

atta                                          dev              s

barley                                      dev              s

barley flour                               dev              s

biscuit (powder)                       dev              s

black gram                               dev              s     2

black gram flour                       dev              s

bread crumb                            dev              s

buckwheat                               dev              s

buckwheat flour                       dev              s

cashew nut (broken)                 dev              s

castor cake powder                 dev              s

chickpea                                  dev              s     2

chickpea flour                          dev              s

chickpea flour (fried)                dev              s

chickpea, damaged                  dev              s

chili powder                             dev              s     2

cholam, forage                         dev              s

cocoa bean                              dev, fec       s

cottonseed                               dev              s

cottonseed, crushed                 dev              s

cowpea                                    dev              s

cowpea flour                            dev              s

cowpea, damaged                    dev              s

date, damaged                         dev              s

fenegreek seed                         dev              s

fenugreek seed, broken            dev              s

fig (dried broken)                     dev              s

gingelly oilcake (powder)          dev              s

ginger seed                               dev              s

gram                                        dev              s

groundnut cake (powder)         dev              s

hungry rice (fonio)                    dev              s

khesari                                     dev              s

maize                                       dev              s     4

maize flour                               dev              s

maize, damaged                       dev              s     2

maize, ground                           dev              s

milk (baby, dried)                     dev              s

milk (reconstituted, dried)         dev              s

milk (soy, dried)                       dev              s

milk (whole, dried)                   dev              s

millet                                        dev              s     3

millet flour (arraw)                    dev              s     3

millet semolina (sankhal)           dev              s

millet, dehulled                         dev              s

millet, finger (ragi)                     dev              s     2

millet, foxtail (tenai)                  dev              s     2

millet, ground                           dev              s

millet, pearl                              dev              s

mung bean                               dev              s     2

mung bean flour                        dev              s     2

mung bean, broken                   dev              s

mustard seed                            dev              s

mustard seed, crushed              dev              s

pea, garden                              dev              s

peanut                                      dev              s     3

peanut (broken seed)               dev              s

peanut, broken                         dev              s

peanut, shelled                         dev              s

pistachio                                  dev              s

poppy seed                              dev              s

raisin                                        dev              s

rice                                          dev              s     5

rice (pounded)                         dev              s

rice (puffed)                             dev              s

rice bran                                  dev              s

rice flour                                  dev              s     3

rice, damaged                          dev              s     2

rice, milled ground                    dev              s

rice, parboiled                          dev              s

rice, rough ground                    dev              s

rice, short grain white               dev              s

sesame seed (til seed)               dev              s

sorghum                                   dev              s     5

sorghum flour                           dev              s

sorghum, broken                      dev              s     2

sorghum, durra                         dev              s

sorghum, ground                      dev              s

suji                                           dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s     5

wheat bran                               dev, fec       s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     6

wheat flour (fried)                     dev              s

wheat meal                               dev, fec       s

wheat, damaged                       dev              s     3

wheat, ground                          dev              s

wheat, soft white                      dev              s

black gram flour                       dev              m

castor cake (flake)                   dev              m

chickpea                                  dev              m

chickpea flour                          dev              m

chickpea, fried                         dev              m

coriander seed                         dev              m

cottonseed                               dev              m

cowpea                                    dev              m

cumin seed                               dev              m

curry powder                           dev              m

gingelly oilcake (flake)              dev              m

groundnut cake (flake)              dev              m

kidney bean                             dev              m

kidney bean flour                      dev              m

lentil                                         dev              m    2

milk, dried reconstituted           dev              m

milk, dried whole                      dev              m

mung bean                               dev              m

pea, cycleon                             dev              m

peanut                                      dev              m

pomegranate seed                    dev              m

rice, paddy                               dev              m

rice, rough whole                      dev              m

wheat                                       dev              m

wheat bran                               dev              m

apricot seed bit                        dev              u

black gram                               dev              u

black pepper                            dev              u

black pepper powder               dev              u

caraway                                   dev              u

castor bean                              dev              u

castor bean, crushed                dev              u

clove (powder)                        dev              u

cocoa                                      dev              u

coconut bits                             dev              u

coconut, crushed                      dev              u

coffee (powder)                       dev              u

coriander powder                     dev              u     2

cottonseed, crushed                 dev              u

fennel seed                               dev              u

fennel seed powder                  dev              u

fenugreek seed                         dev              u

ginger root                               dev              u

gram in husk                             dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

lentil flour                                 dev              u     2

lentil, broken                            dev              u

mustard (powder)                    dev              u

nutmeg bark (powder)              dev              u

peanut, crushed                        dev              u

pepper (powder)                      dev              u

pigeonpea flour                        dev              u

pigeonpea, broken                   dev              u

potato chip (powder)               dev              u

rice in hull                                 dev              u

snuff                                         dev              u

soap nut (powder)                    dev              u

sugar                                        dev              u

tamarind pulp                           dev              u

tea dust                                    dev              u

tumeric root                             dev              u

turmeric powder                       dev              u     2

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                               

barley, damaged                       pop             s

barley, ground                          pop             s

broad bean, crushed                 fec               s

canola seed                              dev              s

clover seed                              dev              s

maize, ground                           pop             s

millet                                        dev              s

millet, ground                           dev, fec       s

oat (cracked)                           pop             s

oat, ground                              pop             s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rice                                          pop             s

rice, ground                              pop             s

rye                                           pop             s

rye, ground                              pop             s

sunflower seed                         dev              s

sunflower seed, ground             dev              s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

wheat, ground                          pop             s

barley                                      pop             m

clover seed, ground                  dev              m

flax seed                                  dev              m

flax seed, ground                      dev              m

maize                                       pop             m

oat                                           pop             m

rapeseed                                  pop             m

soybean meal                           dev, fec       m

soybean, ground                       pop             m

sunflower seed                         pop             m

sunflower seed, ground             pop             m

wheat                                       dev, fec       m

broad bean                              fec               u

clover seed, ground                  fec               u

flax seed                                  pop             u

flax seed, ground                      fec, pop       u     2

lucerne pellet                            dev              u

mustard seed                            dev              u

mustard seed, ground               dev, fec       u

pecan inshell, cracked              dev, fec       u

pecan meat                              dev, fec       u

rapeseed                                  dev              u

rapeseed, ground                     dev, fec       u

ryegrass pellet                          dev              u

soybean                                   pop             u

sunflower seed                         pop             u

sunflower seed, ground             fec               u

Cryptolestes pusilloides

wheatfeed                                dev              s

Cryptolestes pusillus

maize meal                               pop             s     2

maize, damaged                       pop             s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     2

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

maize                                       pop             m

wheat                                       pop             m

wheat meal                               pop             m

cowpea                                    pop             u

cowpea meal                            pop             u

cowpea, damaged                    pop             u

lentil flour                                 dev              u

maize                                       pop             u

peanut meal                              pop             u

peanut, cracked                       pop             u

peanut, whole                           pop             u

rice                                          pop             u

rice meal                                  pop             u

rice, damaged                          pop             u

soybean (cracked)                   pop             u

soybean meal                           pop             u

teff                                           pop             u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

Cryptolestes turcicus

maize, damaged                       pop             s

wheat meal                               pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

maize meal                               pop             m

wheat, damaged                       pop             m

barley, damaged                       pop             u

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

cowpea                                    pop             u

cowpea meal                            pop             u

cowpea, damaged                    pop             u

maize                                       pop             u

oat (cracked)                           pop             u

peanut meal                              pop             u

peanut, cracked                       pop             u

peanut, whole                           pop             u

rice                                          pop             u

rice meal                                  pop             u

rice, damaged                          pop             u

soybean (cracked)                   pop             u

soybean meal                           pop             u

wheat                                       pop             u

Cylas formicarius elegantulus

sweetpotato                             dev              s

Cynaeus angustus

barley                                      dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

oat                                           dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

Dermestes ater

wheat germ                              dev              s

peanut                                      dev              u

soybean meal                           dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

Dermestes frischii

fishmeal                                    dev              s

peanut                                      dev              u

soybean meal                           dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

wheat germ                              dev              u

Dermestes haemorrhoidalis

peanut                                      dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

wheat germ                              dev              u

Dermestes lardarius

fishmeal                                    dev              s

peanut                                      dev              s

wheat germ                              dev              s

almond                                     dev              u

cocoa                                      dev              u

coconut                                    dev              u

soybean meal                           dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

Dermestes maculatus

African catfish                          dev              s

blood meal                               dev              s

bone meal                                dev              s

catfish                                      dev              s

dog chow                                 dev              s

fish meal                                   dev              s

fish, dried                                 dev              s

fishmeal                                    dev              s

hide, buffalo                             dev              s

hide, cow                                 dev              s

hide, goat                                 dev              s

hide, sheep                               dev              s

Nile tilapia                                dev              s

soybean meal                           dev              s

trigger fish                                dev              s

sardine meal                             dev              m

almond                                     dev              u

cocoa                                      dev              u

coconut                                    dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

lucerne pellet                            dev              u

palm kernel meal                      dev              u

peanut                                      dev              u

ryegrass pellet                          dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

wheat germ                              dev              u

Dermestes peruvianus

peanut                                      dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

wheat germ                              dev              u

Dinoderus minutus

bamboo                                   dev              s

Dinoderus porcellus

Dioscorea alata (water yam)     dev              s

Dioscorea cayenensis (yellow)  dev              s

Dioscorea dumetorum (bitter)   dev              s

Dioscorea rotundata (white)     dev              s

Endrosis sarcitrella

bean                                        dev              s

grass (dried)                             dev              s

insect, dried                             dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat middling                         dev              s

macaroni                                  dev              m

peanut                                      dev              m

Ephestia elutella

cocoa bean, damaged              dev              s

cocoa, coarse ground               dev, fec       s

maize, ground coursely             dev, fec       s

oat (husk removed)                  dev              s

oat in hull                                 dev              s

pea (dried)                               dev              s

peanut (cut)                              dev              s

peanut, coarse ground              dev, fec       s

rice (unpolished)                       dev              s

soybean flour                           dev              s

soybean grit                             dev, fec       s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

sultana                                     dev, fec       s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat germ                              dev              s

wheat middling                         dev, fec       s

wheat, coarse ground               dev, fec       s

bean, dried                               dev              m

cocoa bean                              dev              m

fig                                            dev              m

tobacco                                   dev              m

wheat flour                               dev              m

lucerne pellet                            dev              u

ryegrass pellet                          dev              u

Ephestia kuehniella

barley, ground                          dev              s

barley, hulled                            dev              s

buckwheat                               dev              s

buckwheat flour                       dev              s

buckwheat, ground                   dev              s

maize flour                               dev, fec       s

milk, dried soya                        dev              s

millet, ground                           dev              s

oat flour                                   dev, fec       s

oatflake                                    dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

rye                                           dev              s

rye flour                                   dev, fec       s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

semolina                                   dev              s

soy flour (heat-treat)                 dev              s

sugar                                        dev              s

vegetable, dried                        dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat bran                               dev, fec       s     3

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     5

wheat flour, white                     dev, fec       s

wheat semolina                         dev              s

wheat, damaged                       dev              s

cracker                                    dev              m

noodle                                     dev              m

insect, dried                             dev              u

milk, dried baby                       dev              u

milk, dried reconstituted           dev              u

milk, dried whole                      dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

soybean meal                           dev              u

Etiella zinckenella

chickling vetch                          dev              s

chickpea                                  dev              s

cowpea                                    dev              s

lentil                                         dev, fec       s     2

lupine                                       dev              s

pea                                          dev, fec       s

pea                                          dev              s

broad bean                              dev              u

pigeonpea                                dev              u

Gibbium psyllodes

fishmeal                                    dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s     2

rice flour                                  dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              m

casein                                      dev              u

Glischrochilus quadrisignatus

apple                                       dev, fec       s

tomato                                     dev, fec       s

Gnathocerus cornutus

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

safflower seed                          pop             u

Hofmannophila pseudospretella

bean                                        dev              s

egg (dried)                               dev              s

fishmeal                                    dev              s

grass (dried)                             dev              s

insect, dried                             dev              s

macaroni                                  dev              s

milk, dried                                dev              s

oat                                           dev              s

pea                                          dev              s

peanut                                      dev              s

soybean                                   dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat germ                              dev              s

wheat middling                         dev              s

yeast                                        dev              s

Idaea inquinata

angelica root                            dev              s

chamomilla flower                    dev              s

fennel fruit                                dev              s

ginseng root                             dev              s

hawthorn flower bud                dev              s

juniper berry                            dev              s

lime flower                               dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

maize meal                               dev              s

marjoram leaf                           dev              s

milk thistle fruit, squeezed         dev              s

passion flower leaf                    dev              s

pumpkin seed                           dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

senna pod                                dev              s

valerian root                             dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat bran                               dev              s

wheat germ                              dev              s

wheat semolina                         dev              s

almond flour                             dev              u

anise fruit, star                          dev              u

cinnamon corticle                     dev              u

cocoa bean powder                 dev              u

ginger root                               dev              u

grape leaf                                 dev              u

hazelnut flour                            dev              u

quassia wood fragments           dev              u

raisin                                        dev              u

soft wheat flour                        dev              u

tea leaf                                     dev              u

vanilla capsule                          dev              u

Lasioderma serricorne

ajowan                                     pop             s

anise                                        dev              s

aniseed                                    dev, fec       s     4

bean                                        dev              s

bean pod                                 dev, fec       s

bread crumb                            dev              s

cardemom                                dev              s

cassava                                    dev,pop       s

cayenne pepper                        dev              s     2

chamomile                                dev, fec       s

chili                                          dev              s     2

chili powder                             dev              s     2

cinnamon                                 dev, fec       s

cocoa bean powder                 fec               s

cocoa bean, damaged              dev              s

coconut meal                            dev              s

coffee bean, roasted                 fec               s

coriander                                 dev, pop      s     3

coriander powder                     dev, pop      s     2

cottonseed                               dev, fec       s     2

cottonseed meal                       dev, fec       s     3

cowpea                                    dev, pop      s     2

cowpea, damaged                    dev              s     2

cumin                                       dev, fec, pop     s          5

cumin powder                          dev              s

curry powder                           dev              s

dill                                           pop             s

fennel                                       dev, pop      s     2

fennel powder                          dev              s

garlic                                        dev              s

ginger                                       dev, fec       s     2

horsebean                                dev, fec       s     2

lentil flour                                 dev              s

licorice                                     dev, fec       s

locust bean (crushed)               dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec, pop     s          2

maize flour                               fec               s

paprika                                    dev              s     2

pea                                          dev, fec       s

peanut                                      dev, pop      s     2

peanut (shelled)                        dev              s

peanut, whole                           dev              s

poppy seed                              dev              s

rice                                          dev,pop       s

rice, polished                            fec               s

rice, unpolished                        fec               s

roselle                                      dev, fec       s

safflower seed                          pop             s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

sardine, dried                           fec               s

sorghum                                   dev,pop       s

soybean flour                           dev, fec       s     2

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

tea leaf                                     fec               s

tobacco leaf                             dev, fec       s     2

turmeric powder                       dev              s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          2

wheat bran                               pop             s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     4

wheatfeed                                dev              s

yam                                         dev, pop      s

yeast powder                           dev              s

beet                                         dev, fec       m

beet root, sugar                        dev              m

caraway                                   dev              m

carrot                                       dev, fec       m    2

cigar tobacco                           dev              m

cocoa bean                              dev              m

ginger                                       dev, fec       m    2

locust bean (whole)                  dev              m

mustard (black)                        dev              m

pea                                          dev              m

pomegranate seed                    dev              m

tobacco leaf                             dev              m    2

turmeric                                   dev              m

allspice                                     dev              u

black pepper                            dev              u

caraway flour                           pop             u

celery salt                                 dev              u

cinnamon                                 dev              u

clove                                        dev              u

fennel flour                               pop             u

ginger                                       dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

mustard                                    dev              u

nutmeg                                     dev              u

onion                                       dev              u

oregano                                   dev              u

rosemary leaf                           dev              u

soybean                                   dev, fec       u

thyme                                       dev              u

turmeric                                   dev              u

turmeric rhizome                       dev              u

wheat flour                               pop             u

Latheticus oryzae

rice flour, polished                    dev, fec       s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

wheat bran                               dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

lentil flour                                 dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

Liposcelis entomophilus

barley                                      pop             s

maize                                       pop             s

oat                                           pop             s

rice                                          pop             s

sorghum                                   pop             s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

Liposcelis reticulatus

barley                                      pop             s

maize                                       pop             s

oat                                           pop             s

rice                                          pop             s

sorghum                                   pop             s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

Liposcelis yunnaniensis

barley in hull                             pop             s

barley, hulled                            pop             s

maize                                       pop             s

rice in hull                                 pop             s

rice, paddy                               pop             s

sorghum                                   pop             s

wheat                                       pop             s

Mezium affine

wheatfeed                                dev, fec       s     2

Necrobia rufipes

coconut                                    dev              s

fish, dried                                 dev              s

insect larva                               dev              s

palm kernel                              dev              s

coconut                                    dev              m

peanut                                      dev              m

cocoa                                      dev              u

maize                                       dev              u

Niptus hololeucus

wheatfeed                                dev              m

fishmeal                                    dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

Oryzaephilus acuminatus

peanut                                      dev              s

coconut meal                            dev              u

Oryzaephilus mercator

almond                                     dev, fec       s     2

almond meal                             dev, fec       s

almond, damaged                     dev, fec       s

apricot meal                             dev, fec       s

canola seed                              dev              s

cashew                                    dev              s

cashew meal                            dev, fec       s

coconut                                    dev              s

coconut meal                            dev, fec       s     2

fig                                            dev              s

fig meal                                    dev              s

flax seed                                  dev              s

flax seed, ground                      dev, fec       s

hazelnut                                    dev              s

maize                                       pop             s

maize meal                               pop             s

maize, damaged                       pop             s

mango seed, milled African       dev              s

millet                                        dev              s

millet, ground                           dev, fec       s

mulberry                                  dev              s

oat                                           dev, fec       s

oat, rolled                                dev              s

peanut meal                              dev, fec       s

peanut, cracked                       pop             s

peanut, damaged                      dev              s

peanut, whole                           pop             s

pistachio                                  dev              s

raisin                                        dev, fec       s

raisin (damaged)                       dev, fec       s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rapeseed                                  dev, pop      s     2

rapeseed, ground                     dev, fec       s

rice, damaged                          pop             s

sugar                                        dev              s

sunflower seed                         dev, pop      s     2

sunflower seed, ground             dev, fec       s

walnut                                      dev              s

wheat feed                               dev              s

wheat meal                               pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

date                                         dev              m

date meal                                 dev              m

fig meal                                    fec               m

mustard seed                            dev              m

prune, damaged                       dev, fec       m

prune, sound                            dev, fec       m

raisin                                        dev              m

raisin meal                                dev              m

apricot                                     dev              u

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

clover seed                              dev              u

clover seed, ground                  dev, fec       u

cottonseed meal                       dev              u

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  pop             u

date meal                                 fec               u

grass meal                                dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

mustard seed, ground               dev, fec       u

peanut meal                              dev, pop      u     2

peanut, whole                           dev              u

pine nut, Chilgoza                     dev              u

raisin meal                                fec               u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

rice meal                                  pop             u

soybean                                   pop             u

soybean (cracked)                   pop             u

soybean meal                           pop             u

wheat                                       pop             u

Oryzaephilus surinamensis

almond                                     dev, fec       s

almond, damaged                     dev, fec       s

barley, damaged                       pop             s

broad bean, crushed                 fec               s

canola seed                              dev              s

flax seed                                  dev              s

flax seed, ground                      dev, fec       s

maize                                       pop             s

maize meal                               pop             s

maize, damaged                       pop             s

millet                                        dev              s

millet, ground                           dev, fec       s

oat                                           dev, fec       s

oat (cracked)                           pop             s

oat, rolled                                dev              s     2

peanut                                      dev              s

peanut, damaged                      dev              s

pecan inshell, cracked              dev, fec       s

pecan meat                              dev, fec       s

prune (damaged)                      dev, fec       s

prune (sound)                           dev, fec       s

raisin                                        dev, fec       s

raisin (damaged)                       dev, fec       s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rice, damaged                          pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

sugar                                        dev              s

sunflower seed                         dev              s

sunflower seed, ground             dev, fec       s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          3

wheat feed                               dev              s

wheat meal                               pop             s

wheat semolina                         dev, fec       s

wheat, damaged                       dev, fec, pop     s          3

wheat, kibbled                         dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

coconut meal                            dev              m

milk, dried                                dev, fec       m

rapeseed, ground                     dev              m

broad bean                              fec               u

clover seed                              dev              u

clover seed, ground                  dev, fec       u

cottonseed meal                       dev              u

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  pop             u

grass meal                                dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

lucerne pellet                            dev              u

mustard seed                            dev              u

mustard seed, ground               dev, fec       u

peanut meal                              dev, pop      u     2

peanut, damaged                      pop             u

peanut, whole                           dev, pop      u     2

rapeseed, ground                     fec               u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

rice meal                                  pop             u

ryegrass pellet                          dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

soybean                                   pop             u

soybean (cracked)                   pop             u

soybean meal                           dev, pop      u     2

teff                                           pop             u

wheat                                       pop             u

Pagiocerus frontalis

avocado seed                           dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

maize, soft                                dev              s

avocado fruit                            dev              u

barley                                      dev              u

broad bean                              dev              u

cherimoya seed                        dev              u

coffee bean                              dev              u

coffee cherry                            dev              u

Eucalyptus wood                      dev              u

kidney bean                             dev              u

Laural wood                            dev              u

lentil                                         dev              u

lupine                                       dev              u

maize meal                               dev              u

oat                                           dev              u

pea                                          dev              u

quinua                                      dev              u

wheat                                       dev              u

Palembus dermestoides

maize, ground                           dev              s

mung bean                               dev              s

peanut                                      dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

sorghum                                   dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

cowpea                                    dev              u

pole bean                                 dev              u

soybean                                   dev              u

Palorus ratzeburgii

almond                                     dev              s

barley                                      dev              s

barley, pearl                             dev              s

linseed cake                             dev              s

macaroni                                  dev              s

maize, damaged                       dev              s

oat, rolled                                dev              s

rice (ground)                            dev              s

rice (polished)                          dev              s

semolina                                   dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat, damaged                       dev              s

apricot, dried                           dev              m

caraway seed                           dev              m

ginger powder                          dev              m

lentil                                         dev              m

linseed                                     dev              m

maize flour                               dev              m

maize, flake                              dev              m

milk, dried                                dev              m

pea, split                                  dev              m

rice (flaked)                             dev              m

sago                                         dev              m

tapioca powder                        dev              m

tapioca, pearl                           dev              m

Palorus subdepressus

wheat flour                               dev              s

Plodia interpunctella

almond                                     dev, fec       s     4

almond, ground                        dev, fec       s

almond, ground roasted            dev, fec       s

almond, roasted                       dev, fec       s

apricot, dried                           dev, fec       s

barley                                      dev, fec       s     2

buckwheat flour                       dev              s

cabbage (dried)                        dev              s

carrot (dried)                           dev              s

chicken mash                           dev              s

chickpea                                  dev              s

chicory (coarsely ground)         dev              s

chocolate with almond              dev, fec       s

confectionery                           dev              s

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  dev, fec       s

dog rose fruit, dried                  dev              s

dried fruit                                 dev              s

fig                                            dev              s

garlic                                        dev, fec       s

green paak ts’oi (dried)             dev              s

hazelnut                                    dev. fec       s     2

hazelnut, roasted                      dev, fec       s

hemp seed                               dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec       s     3

maize (ground)                         dev, fec       s

maize germ                               dev              s

maize meal                               dev, fec       s     3

maize, damaged                       dev, fec       s     2

maize, split                               dev              s

milk (soy, dried)                       dev              s

onion (dried)                            dev              s

onion, green (dried)                  dev              s

peanut                                      dev, fec       s     3

peanut, cracked                       dev, fec       s

peanut, whole                           dev, fec       s

pear, dried                               dev              s

pecan inshell, cracked              dev, fec       s

pecan meat                              dev, fec       s

pepper (dried)                          dev              s

pepper, powdered red             dev              s

pepper, red                              dev              s

pistachio                                  dev              s     2

prune                                       dev              s

raisin                                        dev              s     2

rice                                          dev              s

rice bran                                  dev              s

rice meal                                  dev, fec       s

rice, damaged                          dev, fec       s

rye                                           dev, fec       s

semolina                                   dev              s

sesame seed                             dev              s

sorghum                                   dev, fec       s     3

sorghum (broken)                     dev              s

soy flour (heat-treat)                 dev              s

soybean                                   dev, fec       s     2

soybean (cracked)                   dev, fec       s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s     2

sugar                                        dev              s

sultana                                     dev              s

walnut                                      dev              s     3

wheat                                       dev, fec       s     3

wheat bran                               dev              s     2

wheat flour                               dev              s     2

wheat meal                               dev, fec       s

wheat, damaged                       dev, fec       s

buckwheat                               dev              m

chocolate                                 dev, fec       m

cocoa bean                              dev, fec       m

cocoa bean, ground                  dev, fec       m

cocoa bean, ground roasted     dev, fec       m

cocoa bean. roasted                 dev, fec       m

date                                         dev              m

date, dried                               dev              m

hazelnut, ground                       dev, fec       m

hazelnut, ground roasted           dev, fec       m

maize                                       dev              m

pepper, cayenne                       dev              m

poppy seed                              dev              m

prune                                       dev              m    2

raisin                                        dev              m    2

rice (polished)                          dev, fec       m

wheat                                       dev, fec       m

chili                                          dev              u

coriander                                 dev, fec       u

fennel                                       dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

maize flour                               dev              u

maize on cob                            dev              u

milk (baby, dried)                     dev              u

milk (reconstituted, dried)         dev              u

milk (whole, dried)                   dev              u

orange peel                              dev              u

peanut meal                              dev, fec       u

pecan                                       dev              u

pepper, Japanese                     dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

seaweed                                  dev              u

walnut (ground)                        dev, fec       u

wheat                                       dev, fec       u     2

wheat flour                               dev              u

Prostephanus truncatus

cassava                                    pop             s

cocoayam                                pop             s

Dioscorea alata (water yam)     pop             s

Dioscorea cayenensis (yellow)  pop             s

Dioscorea dumetorum (bitter)   pop             s

Dioscorea rotundata (white)     pop             s

maize                                       dev, pop      s     2

maize, American yellow            pop             s

sorghum                                   dev              s

sorghum flour                           dev              s

sweetpotato                             pop             s

maize flour                               dev, pop      m

sorghum                                   pop             m

sorghum flour                           pop             m

wheat, hard winter                    pop             m

cocoa bean                              pop             u

coffee bean                              pop             u

cowpea                                    pop             u

kidney bean                             pop             u

lima bean                                 pop             u

maize, ground coursely             dev, pop      u

peanut                                      pop             u

rice, paddy, short grain             pop             u

sorghum, coursely ground         dev, pop      u

Pseudeurostus hilleri

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev, fec       s     2

fishmeal                                    dev              u

Ptinus fur

fishmeal                                    dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

Ptinus latro

wheatfeed                                dev              s

Ptinus pusillus

wheatfeed                                dev              s

Ptinus tectus (=Ptinus ocellus)

cabbage                                   dev              s

cabbage, ground                      dev              s

carrot                                       dev              s

carrot, ground                          dev              s

casein                                      dev              s

coconut meal                            dev              s

cottonseed meal                       dev              s

fishmeal                                    dev              s

grass meal                                dev              s

insect, dried                             dev              s

meat meal                                dev              s

milk, dried                                dev              s

pea flour                                  dev              s

rice flour                                  dev              s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s     2

swede, ground                         dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat bran                               dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s     2

wheat germ                              dev              s

wheat meal                               dev              s

wheat, damaged                       dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

yeast                                        dev              s

egg                                          dev              m

lucerne pellet                            dev              m

onion                                       dev              m

onion, ground                           dev              m

potato, ground                         dev              m

ryegrass pellet                          dev              m

swede                                      dev              m

beef                                         dev              u

beet root                                  dev              u

beet root, ground                     dev              u

herring meal                             dev              u

potato                                      dev              u

Rhyzopertha dominica

barley                                      dev, fec, pop     s          3

barley unhusked broken           dev              s

black gram, damaged               dev              s

buckwheat, ground                   dev              s

canary seed                              dev,fec        s

chickpea                                  dev,pop       s

chickpea, damaged                  dev              s

cowpea, damaged                    dev              s

dog biscuit, ground                   dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec, pop     s          6

millet, pearl                              dev              s

millet, pearl broken                   dev              s

moth bean, broken                   dev              s

mung bean                               dev              s

mung bean, broken                   dev              s

oat                                           dev,fec        s

oat flake                                   dev, fec       s

peanut                                      dev              s

pigeonpea                                dev,pop       s

rice                                          dev, fec       s     2

rice flour                                  dev              s

rice, paddy                               dev,pop       s

rice, paddy with  husked, broken                 dev s

rice, paddy, husked                  dev              s

rice, paddy, unhusked              dev              s

rice, paddy, unhusked broken   dev              s

rye                                           dev, fec       s

sorghum                                   dev, fec       s     2

sorghum, broken                      dev              s

urdbean                                   dev,pop       s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          11

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat, damaged                       dev              s

acorn                                       pop             m

apple, dried                              dev, fec       m

barley, unhusked                      dev              m

buckwheat, ground                   fec               m

cowpea                                    pop             m

mung bean                               pop             m

mung wadian savory                 pop             m

papads savory                          pop             m

peanut                                      fec               m

potato                                      pop             m

urd wadian savory                    pop             m

wheat                                       dev, fec       m

wheat flour                               pop             m

wheat, damaged                       pop             m

black gram                               dev              u

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

chickpea                                  dev              u

cowpea                                    dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

kidney bean                             dev              u

kidney bean, broken                 dev              u

lentil                                         dev              u

lentil, broken                            dev              u

moth bean                                dev              u

mung bean                               dev              u

oat                                           pop             u

parsley, dried                           dev, fec       u

pea                                          dev              u

pea, broken                             dev              u

peanut                                      pop             u

pecan inshell, cracked              dev, fec       u

pecan meat                              dev, fec       u

pigeonpea                                dev              u

pigeonpea, broken                   dev              u

rice, polished                            dev              u

rice, polished broken                dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

soybean                                   dev              u

soybean, broken                      dev              u

teff                                           pop             u

Sitophilus granarius

acorn                                       dev, fec       s     2

barley                                      dev, fec, pop     s          5

buckwheat                               dev, fec       s     2

chestnut                                   dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec, pop     s          5

noodle                                     dev, fec       s

oat                                           dev, fec       s

rice                                          dev, fec, pop     s          3

rye                                           dev, fec       s

sorghum                                   pop             s

triticale                                     pop             s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          6

wheat, soft                               dev              s

oat                                           dev, fec       m

almond                                     dev, fec       u

bean                                        dev, fec       u

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

cocoa bean                              dev, fec       u

coffee bean                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

lucerne pellet                            dev              u

lupine                                       dev, fec       u

lupine, sweet                            dev, fec       u

oat                                           pop             u

pea                                          dev, fec       u

peanut                                      dev, fec       u

rice, paddy                               dev, fec       u

ryegrass pellet                          dev              u

safflower seed                          pop             u

soybean                                   dev, fec       u

soybean meal                           dev              u

wheat bran                               dev, fec       u

wheat flour                               dev, fec       u

wheat meal                               dev, fec       u

Sitophilus linearis

tanarind seed                            dev              s

maize                                       dev              u

sorghum seed                           dev              u

Sitophilus oryzae

acorn                                       dev              s

barley                                      dev, fec, pop     s          4

barley in hull                             dev, fec       s

buckwheat                               dev              s

chestnut                                   dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec, pop     s          8

oat                                           dev, fec, pop     s          2

oat in hull                                 dev, fec       s

pea, split                                  dev              s

rice                                          dev, fec, pop     s          4

rice, parboiled                          dev              s

sorghum                                   dev, fec, pop     s          5

tamarind                                   dev              s

triticale                                     pop             s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          11

wheat flour                               pop             s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

wheat, soft                               dev              s

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

safflower seed                          pop             u

teff                                           pop             u

Sitophilus zeamais

acorn                                       dev              s

barley                                      pop             s     2

buckwheat                               dev              s

cassava chip                             pop             s

chestnut                                   dev              s

maize                                       dev, pop      s     4

millet                                        pop             s

oat                                           pop             s

rice                                          pop             s

sorghum                                   dev, pop      s     4

triticale                                     pop             s

wheat                                       dev, pop      s     4

wheat, soft                               dev              s

yam chip                                  pop             s

bambara groundnut                  pop             m

broad bean                              fec               u

broad bean, crushed                 fec               u

cowpea                                    pop             u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

melon                                       pop             u

peanut                                      pop             u

pepper                                     pop             u

sorghum ground                       pop             u

soybean                                   pop             u

Sitotroga cerealella

barley                                      dev              s

maize                                       dev              s     3

millet                                        dev              s

oat                                           dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

rice, paddy                               dev              s

sorghum                                   dev fec        s     3

wheat                                       dev              s     4

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

safflower seed                          pop             u

teff                                           pop             u

Stegobium paniceum

barley                                      dev              s

black pepper                            dev              s

caraway                                   dev              s

coriander                                 dev              s     3

coriander powder                     dev              s

cumin                                       dev              s     3

cumin powder                          dev              s

fennel                                       dev              s     2

fennel powder                          dev              s

ginger                                       dev              s

lentil flour                                 dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

meat meal                                dev              s

mung bean                               dev              s

oatmeal flour                            dev              s

pea (ground)                            dev              s

pea flour                                  dev              s

poppy seed                              dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

safflower seed                          pop             s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

turmeric                                   dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s     2

wheatfeed                                dev              s

chili                                          dev              m

lucerne pellet                            dev              m

mung wadian savory                 pop             m

mustard (black)                        dev              m

onion                                       dev              m

papads savory                          pop             m

ryegrass pellet                          dev              m

urd wadian savory                    pop             m

aniseed                                    dev              u

cardemom                                dev              u

chili powder                             dev              u

garlic                                        dev              u

ginger                                       dev              u

milk, dried                                dev              u

pomegranate seed                    dev              u

rice (polished)                          dev              u

turmeric                                   dev              u

Tenebrio molitor

barley, ground                          dev              s

barley, pearl                             dev              s

buckwheat, ground                   dev              s

millet, ground                           dev              s

oat flake                                   dev              s

potato flour                              dev              s

rye                                           dev              s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

wheat bran                               dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat semolina                         dev              s

wheat                                       dev              m

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

safflower seed                          pop             u

soybean meal                           dev              u

Tenebrio obscurus

soybean meal                           dev              u

Tenebroides mauritanicus

rice, raw                                  dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour, white                     dev              s

wheat flour, whole                    dev              s

soybean meal                           dev              u

Tinea columbariella

soybean meal                           dev, fec       m

Tinea pellionella

cloth, wool                               dev              s

cloth, cotton                             dev              u

hog bristle                                dev              u

horn                                         dev              u

jute fabric                                 dev              u

silk                                           dev              u

Tineola bisselliella

blood serum                             dev              s

egg albumen                             dev              s

feather, chicken                        dev              s

feather, crow                            dev              s

fishmeal                                    dev              s

fur, mouse                                dev              s

fur, rabbit                                 dev              s

fur, rat                                      dev              s

insect, dried                             dev              s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

wheat flour                               dev              s

cloth, broad                             dev              m

hair, human                              dev              m

wool, raw                                dev              m

fish scale                                  dev              u

flannel, furry                             dev              u

gelatin, granulated                     dev              u

silk, raw                                   dev              u

Tribolium anaphe

gram flour                                dev              s

pea flour                                  dev              s

red gram flour                          dev              s

whole wheat flour                     dev              s

Tribolium castaneum

anise                                        dev, fec       s

barley                                      dev              s

barley flour                               dev              s

barley, damaged                       pop             s

barley, ground                          dev, fec       s

bay leaf                                    dev, fec       s

broad bean, crushed                 fec               s

buckwheat, ground                   dev              s

canola seed                              dev              s

cardamon                                 dev, fec       s

cassava meal                            dev              s

cinnamon                                 dev, fec       s

clove                                        dev, fec       s

clover seed, ground                  dev              s

coriander                                 dev, fec       s

cowpea flour                            dev              s

cubeb                                      dev, fec       s

cumin                                       dev, fec       s

distillers dried grain                   dev, fec       s

flax seed                                  dev              s

flax seed, ground                      dev, fec       s

fungus                                      dev              s

ginger                                       dev, fec       s

hemp                                       dev              s

hungry rice (fonio)                    dev, pop      s

juar flour                                  dev              s

lentil flour                                 dev              s

lentil flour, red                          pop             s

maize                                       dev              s

maize                                       pop             s

maize flour                               dev, fec       s     6

maize grit                                 dev              s

maize meal                               dev, pop      s     2

maize, damaged                       pop             s

millet                                        dev, pop      s     3

millet flour (arraw)                    dev, pop      s     4

millet flour, pearl                       dev              s

millet meal                                dev              s

millet semolina (sankhal)           dev, pop      s

millet, dehulled                         dev, pop      s

millet, ground                           dev, fec       s     2

mint                                         dev, fec       s

moth bean flour                        dev              s

mung bean flour                        dev              s     2

mushroom, dried                      dev, fec       s

oat (cracked)                           pop             s

oat flour                                   dev              s

oat, rolled                                fec               s

parsley, dried                           fec               s

peanut, damaged                      dev              s

pecan meat                              dev, fec       s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rapeseed                                  dev, pop      s     2

rapeseed, ground                     dev              s

rat, moldy minced                     dev              s

rice flour                                  dev              s     3

rice, brand                               dev              s

rice, brown                              dev              s

rice, ground brown                   dev              s

rice, milled                               dev              s

roselle                                      dev, fec       s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

semolina                                   pop             s

sesame seed (til seed)               dev              s

silkworm pupae                        dev              s

sorghum                                   dev, fec       s

sorghum flour                           dev, fec       s     5

sorghum meal                           dev              s

sorghum, kibbled                      dev, fec       s

soybean (cracked)                   pop             s

soybean flour                           dev              s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

sunflower seed                         dev, pop      s     2

sunflower seed, ground             dev, fec       s     2

teff                                           pop             s

thyme                                       dev, fec       s

wheat                                       dev, fec, pop     s          6

wheat bran                               dev, fec       s     3

wheat flour                               dev, fec, pop     s          13

wheat flour+yeast                     dev              s

wheat meal                               dev, pop      s     2

wheat semolina                         fec               s

wheat, crushed                         dev              s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s     3

wheat, kibbled                         dev, fec       s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

winged bean, ground                dev              s

yam flour                                  dev              s

yam meal                                 dev              s

arrow root                               dev              m

biscuit                                      pop             m

cassava flour                            dev              m

clover seed                              dev              m

lentil flour                                 dev              m

maize, flake                              pop             m

mung wadian savory                 pop             m

papads savory                          pop             m

parsley, dried                           dev              m

pea flour                                  dev              m

peanut                                      dev              m    2

pecan inshell, cracked              dev, fec       m

pigeonpea flour                        dev              m

soybean                                   dev              m

urd wadian savory                    pop             m

walnut                                      dev              m

wheat                                       pop             m

acorn                                       dev              u

adzuki bean                              dev              u

black pepper                            dev, fec       u

broad bean                              fec               u

cellulose                                   dev              u

chickpea flour                          dev              u

clover seed, ground                  fec               u

cottonseed                               dev, fec       u

cottonseed flour                       dev, fec       u

cottonseed, kibbled                  dev, fec       u

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  pop             u

honeycomb                              dev              u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

mustard seed                            dev              u

mustard seed, ground               dev, fec       u

peanut                                      dev              u

peanut meal                              pop             u

peanut, damaged                      pop             u

peanut, whole                           pop             u

pepper, red                              dev, fec       u

raisin                                        dev              u

rapeseed, ground                     fec               u

rat, fresh minced                       dev              u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

rice meal                                  pop             u

rice, damaged                          pop             u

safflower seed                          pop             u

sardine, dried                           dev              u

soybean                                   pop             u

soybean meal                           pop             u

Tribolium confusum

barley, damaged                       pop             s

barley, ground                          dev, fec       s

biscuit                                      fec               s

broad bean, crushed                 fec               s

buckwheat, ground                   dev, fec       s

flax seed                                  dev              s

flax seed, ground                      dev              s

graham flour                             dev              s

hemp                                       dev              s

herb mixture                             fec               s

hungry rice (fonio)                    dev              s

maize meal                               pop             s

maize, damaged                       pop             s

millet                                        dev              s     2

millet flour (arraw)                    dev              s     2

millet semolina (sankhal)           dev              s

millet, dehulled                         dev              s

millet, ground                           dev, fec       s

millet, ground                           dev              s

mushroom, dried                      dev, fec       s

oat (cracked)                           pop             s

oat, rolled                                dev, fec       s

parsley, dried                           dev, fec       s

peanut                                      fec               s

rapeseed                                  dev              s

rice meal                                  pop             s

rice, damaged                          pop             s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

safflower, broken                     pop             s

spelt, flour                                pop             s

sunflower seed                         dev              s

sunflower seed, ground             dev, fec       s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat bran                               dev, fec       s     2

wheat flour                               dev, fec, pop     s          4

wheat meal                               pop             s

wheat semolina                         fec               s

wheat, damaged                       pop             s

wheat, kernel                           pop             s

biscuit                                      dev              m

clover seed                              dev              m

clover seed, ground                  dev              m

herb mixture                             dev              m

malt coffee                               fec               m

peanut                                      dev              m

rapeseed, ground                     dev              m

rice flake                                  dev              m

wheat semolina                         dev              m

wheat, damaged                       pop             m

broad bean                              fec               u

clover seed, ground                  fec               u

cowpea, blackeyed, damaged  pop             u

flax seed, ground                      fec               u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

maize                                       pop             u

mustard seed                            dev              u

mustard seed, ground               dev, fec       u

peanut meal                              pop             u

peanut, cracked                       pop             u

peanut, whole                           pop             u

rapeseed, ground                     fec               u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

safflower seed                          pop             u

soybean                                   pop             u

soybean (cracked)                   pop             u

soybean meal                           dev, pop      u     2

spelt, kernel                             pop             u

spelt, pasta                               pop             u

tea leaf                                     fec               u

wheat, pasta                             pop             u

Tribolium destructor

teff                                           pop             m

wheat                                       pop             m

Tribolium freemani

fungus                                      dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

maize flour                               dev              s

rat, moldy minced                     dev              s

rice, brand                               dev              s

rice, brown                              dev              s

rice, ground brown                   dev              s

rice, milled                               dev              s

silkworm pupae                        dev              s

sunflower seed, ground             dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat bran                               dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheat flour+yeast                     dev              s

winged bean, ground                dev              s

honeycomb                              dev              m

sardine, dried                           dev              m

acorn                                       dev              u

adzuki bean                              dev              u

peanut                                      dev              u

raisin                                        dev              u

rat, fresh minced                       dev              u

soybean                                   dev              u

Trigonogenius globosus                                 

wheat flour                               dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

fishmeal                                    dev              m

lucerne pellet                            dev              m

ryegrass pellet                          dev              m

Trogoderma angustum                                  

almond, bitter                           dev              s

almond, sweet                          dev              s

angelica root                            dev              s

aniseed                                    dev              s

apricot seed                             dev              s

barley                                      dev              s

beef, desiccated                       dev              s

burnet root                               dev              s

caraway                                   dev              s

cocoa oilcake                           dev              s

coriander                                 dev              s

cottonseed cake                       dev              s

dog biscuit                               dev              s

ginger root                               dev              s

hazelnut                                    dev              s

licorice powder                        dev              s

lovage root                               dev              s

maize                                       dev              s

maize oilcake                           dev              s

maize, kiln dried                       dev              s

nettle leaf                                 dev              s

noodle                                     dev              s

oatmeal                                    dev              s

palm kernel oilcake                  dev              s

pea                                          dev              s

pollen                                       dev              s

poppy                                      dev              s

potato, dried                            dev              s

rape oilcake                             dev              s

rice                                          dev              s

rye                                           dev              s

senna pod                                dev              s

sunflower oilcake                     dev              s

valerian root                             dev              s

walnut                                      dev              s

walnut oilcake                          dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

white bryony root                     dev              s

apple, dried                              dev              u

apricot, dried                           dev              u

avens root                                dev              u

barberry                                   dev              u

bean pod                                 dev              u

biscuit                                      dev              u

blueberry, dried                        dev              u

boldo leaf                                 dev              u

Brazil nut                                  dev              u

buckthorn berry                       dev              u

casein                                      dev              u

cats paw flower                        dev              u

chamomilla flower                    dev              u

chocolate                                 dev              u

cloth, wool                               dev              u

clove                                        dev              u

cocoa bean powder                 dev              u

cocoa cake                              dev              u

cocoa meal                              dev              u

coconut meal                            dev              u

coffee                                      dev              u

comfrey root                            dev              u

conduran bark                          dev              u

corn flower                              dev              u

dill seed                                   dev              u

egg powder                              dev              u

elderberry flower                      dev              u

elecampane root                       dev              u

feather, duck                            dev              u

fishmeal                                    dev              u

gentian root                              dev              u

hay flower                                dev              u

hibiscus root                             dev              u

hide, hamster                            dev              u

Ireland ecumenical moss           dev              u

Island moss                              dev              u

lemon balm leaf                        dev              u

lentil                                         dev              u

linden flower                            dev              u

linseed meal                             dev              u

mallow flower                          dev              u

meadows knotweed root          dev              u

milk, dried                                dev              u

mistletoe leaf                            dev              u

mushroom, dried                      dev              u

mustard seed                            dev              u

nutmeg nut                               dev              u

plantain herb                            dev              u

poplar bud                               dev              u

poppy head, unripe                  dev              u

potato powder                         dev              u

primrose root                           dev              u

prune                                       dev              u

raisin                                        dev              u

rose hip                                    dev              u

sage leaf                                   dev              u

salvia root                                dev              u

sarsaparilla root                        dev              u

senna leaf                                 dev              u

soybean meal                           dev              u

thyme                                       dev              u

toadflax                                    dev              u

verbascum flower                     dev              u

walnut leaf                                dev              u

water fennel                             dev              u

whale meal                               dev              u

wheat flour                               dev              u

white horehound                       dev              u

white nettle flower                    dev              u

wormwood herb                      dev              u

yeast                                        dev              u

Trogoderma glabrium                                    

maize, yellow dent                    dev              s

safflower seed                          pop             s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour with germ               dev              s

barley, rolled                            pop             s

cat food                                   pop             s

dog food (kibbled)                   pop             s

maize                                       pop             s

pollen                                       pop             s

poultry laying mash                   pop             s

wheat germ                              pop             s

insect, dried                             pop             m

maize meal                               pop             m

maize, damaged                       pop             m

milk, dried                                pop             m

noodle (egg)                             pop             m

oat, rolled                                pop             m

oatmeal                                    pop             m

rye                                           pop             m

wheat                                       pop             m

almond                                     pop             u

barley                                      pop             u

cowpea, blackeyed                  pop             u

fishmeal                                    pop             u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

kidney bean                             pop             u

lima bean                                 pop             u

macaroni                                  pop             u

oat                                           pop             u

peanut                                      pop             u

raisin                                        pop             u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

sorghum                                   pop             u

spaghetti                                  pop             u

walnut                                      pop             u

wheat flour                               pop             u

Trogoderma granarium                                 

almond meat                            dev              s

barley                                      dev              s

barley                                      dev, fec       s     3

barley, ground                          dev              s     2

barley, pearl                             dev              s

barley, rolled                            dev, fec       s

black gram                               dev              s

buckwheat, ground                   dev              s

chickpea                                  dev              s     2

coconut cake                           dev, fec       s

cottonseed cake                       dev, fec       s

cowpea                                    dev, fec       s     2

dog food, ground                     dev, fec       s     2

flax seed                                  dev              s

gram                                        dev, fec       s

kola nut                                    dev              s

lima bean                                 dev              s

maize                                       dev, fec       s

maize cake                               dev, fec       s

maize meal                               dev, fec       s

maize, damaged                       dev              s

maize, ground                           dev, fec       s     2

maize, shelled                           dev, fec       s

malt                                         dev              s

millet, pearl                              dev, fec       s

mung bean                               dev, fec       s     2

oat cracked                              dev              s

oat, rolled                                dev              s

oatmeal                                    dev, fec       s

oatmeal, instant                        dev, fec       s

pablum                                     dev, fec       s

peanut                                      dev, fec       s     3

peanut cake                             dev, fec       s

pecan meat                              dev              s

pigeonpea                                dev              s

pinto bean                                dev              s

rice                                          dev              s     2

rice, brown                              dev, fec       s

rice, brown damaged                dev, fec       s

rice, ground                              dev              s

rice, white cracked                   dev, fec       s

rye                                           dev              s

sesame seed (til seed)               dev              s

soybean meal                           dev, fec       s

sunflower cake                         dev, fec       s

walnut                                      dev              s

walnut meat                              dev              s

wheat                                       dev, fec       s     6

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s     3

wheat germ                              dev, fec       s

wheat germ                              dev              s

wheat semolina                         dev              s

wheat, damaged                       dev, fec       s     2

wheat, ground                          dev              s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

barley cereal                            dev, fec       m

bean, damaged                         dev              m

cracker                                    dev              m

herb                                         dev              m

lentil                                         dev              m

lentil flour                                 dev              m

lima bean                                 dev, fec       m

maize                                       dev              m

milk, dried                                dev              m

mushroom, dried                      dev              m

noodle                                     dev              m

oat                                           dev              m

oatmeal, precooked                 dev, fec       m

peas cracked                           dev              m

pinto bean                                dev, fec       m

rice flake                                  dev              m

rice, polished                            dev              m

rye                                           dev              m

soybean                                   dev              m

yeast                                        dev, fec       m

alfalfa seed                               dev              u

apricot, dried                           dev              u

bean                                        dev              u

beef blood                               dev              u

coconut meal                            dev, fec       u

coffee bean                              dev              u

cork                                         dev              u

cottonseed, fuzzy                      dev              u

date                                         dev              u

egg noodle                               dev              u

flax seed                                  dev, fec       u

flax seed, ground                      dev              u

gelatin                                      dev, fec       u

grass seed                                dev              u

halvah                                      dev              u

hyacinth bean                           dev              u

linseed cake                             dev, fec       u

maize                                       dev              u

maize cereal                             dev, fec       u

milk, dried skim                        dev, fec       u     2

palm cake                                dev, fec       u

paper                                       dev              u

peach                                       dev              u

plum, dried                               dev              u

prune                                       dev              u

raisin                                        dev              u

raisin, seedless                         dev, fec       u

rice, white instant                      dev, fec       u

spaghetti                                  dev              u

tapioca                                     dev              u

tucum cake                              dev, fec       u

yeast                                        dev              u

Trogoderma inclusum                                    

barley, rolled                            pop             s

cat food                                   pop             s

dog food (kibbled)                   pop             s

malt                                         dev              s

oat, rolled                                pop             s

pollen                                       pop             s

poultry laying mash                   pop             s

safflower seed                          pop             s

safflower seed meal                  pop             s

maize meal                               pop             m

maize, damaged                       pop             m

milk, dried                                pop             m

noodle (egg)                             pop             m

oatmeal                                    pop             m

wheat                                       pop             m

wheat flour                               pop             m

wheat germ                              pop             m

almond                                     pop             u

barley                                      pop             u

cowpea, blackeyed                  pop             u

fishmeal                                    pop             u

insect, dried                             pop             u

kidney bean                             pop             u

lima bean                                 pop             u

macaroni                                  pop             u

maize                                       pop             u

oat                                           pop             u

peanut                                      pop             u

raisin                                        pop             u

rice (polished)                          pop             u

rye                                           pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

sorghum                                   pop             u

spaghetti                                  pop             u

walnut                                      pop             u

Trogoderma simplex                                      

cat food                                   pop             s

dog food, kibbled                     pop             s

pollen                                       pop             s

poultry laying mash                   pop             s

barley, rolled                            pop             m

maize                                       pop             m

maize meal                               pop             m

maize, damaged                       pop             m

noodle, egg                              pop             m

oat                                           pop             m

oatmeal                                    pop             m

rye                                           pop             m

safflower seed                          pop             m

wheat                                       pop             m

almond                                     pop             u

barley                                      pop             u

cowpea, blackeyed                  pop             u

fishmeal                                    pop             u

insect, dried                             pop             u

kidney bean                             pop             u

lima bean                                 pop             u

macaroni                                  pop             u

milk, dried                                pop             u

oat, rolled                                pop             u

peanut                                      pop             u

raisin                                        pop             u

rice, polished                            pop             u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

sorghum                                   pop             u

spaghetti                                  pop             u

walnut                                      pop             u

wheat flour                               pop             u

wheat germ                              pop             u

Trogoderma variabile                                    

barley                                      dev, fec       s

barley                                      pop             s

barley, rolled                            dev, fec, pop     s          2

cat food                                   pop             s

dog food, kibbled                     pop             s

dog food, ground                     dev, fec       s

maize meal                               dev, fec       s

maize, ground                           dev, fec       s

maize, shelled                           dev, fec       s

noodle (egg)                             pop             s

oat, rolled                                pop             s

oatmeal                                    dev, fec, pop     s          2

oatmeal, instant                        dev, fec       s

oatmeal, precooked                 dev, fec       s

pablum                                     dev, fec       s

pollen                                       pop             s

poultry laying mash                   pop             s

rice, brown                              dev, fec       s

rice, brown damaged                dev, fec       s

safflower seed                          pop             s

wheat                                       dev, fec       s

wheat                                       pop             s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s

wheat germ                              dev, fec, pop     s          2

wheat, damaged                       dev, fec       s

wheatfeed                                dev              s

cowpea, blackeyed                  pop             m

fishmeal                                    pop             m

insect, dried                             pop             m

macaroni                                  pop             m

maize meal                               pop             m

milk, dried                                pop             m

oat                                           pop             m

rice (polished)                          pop             m

rye                                           pop             m

sorghum                                   pop             m

spaghetti                                  pop             m

wheat flour                               pop             m

barley cereal                            dev, fec       u

coconut meal                            dev, fec       u

flax seed                                  dev, fec       u

gelatin                                      dev, fec       u

jojoba seed                              dev, fec       u

jojoba seed meal                      dev, fec       u

kidney bean                             pop             u

lima bean                                 dev, fec, pop     u          2

maize cereal                             dev, fec       u

milk, dried skim                        dev, fec       u

pinto bean                                dev, fec       u

raisin, seedless                         dev, fec       u

rice, white                                dev, fec       u

rice, white instant                      dev, fec       u

safflower seed meal                  pop             u

safflower, broken                     pop             u

yeast                                        dev, fec       u

Trogoderma versicolor                                  

maize                                       dev              s

oatmeal                                    dev              s

wheat                                       dev              s

wheat flour                               dev              s

Typhaea stercorea                                         

wheat, kibbled                         dev              s

soybean meal                           dev              u

Tyrophagus putrescentiae                             

chicken feed                             dev, fec       s

fish powder                              dev, fec       s

milk powder                             dev, fec       s

wheat flour                               dev, fec       s

Zabrotes subfasciatus                                    

cowpea                                    dev              s

cranberry bean                         dev              s

kidney bean                             dev, fec       s     3

red kidney bean                       dev              s

 

Commodity Suitability for Each Insect and Mite Pest Species

Corcyra cephalonica                89s,25m,38u          152

Tribolium castaneum                90s,17m,31u          138

Trogoderma angustum             38s,71u                  109

Trogoderma granarium             55s,20m,32u          107

Plodia interpunctella                 65s,17m,21u          103

Lasioderma serricorne             64s,13m,20u          97

Cadra cautella                         58s,10m,15u          83

Rhyzopertha dominica              33s,14m,28u          75

Oryzaephilus mercator             42s,8m,22u            72

Tribolium confusum                  39s,10m,22u          71

Oryzaephilus surinamensis        37s,3m,25u            65

Trogoderma variabile               26s,12m,17u          55

Cryptolestes ferrugineus           20s,12m,15u          47

Stegobium paniceum                26s,8m,9u              43

Callosobruchus maculatus        23s,4m,15u            42

Callosobruchus chinensis          25,s2m,12u            39

Trogoderma glabrum               12s,9m,18u            39

Ptinus tectus                            24s,7m,5u              36

Sitophilus granarius                  13s,1m,22u            36

Trogoderma inclusum               9s,8m,18u              35

Trogoderma simplex                4s,10m,20u            34

Ephestia kuehniella                   24s,2m,7u              33

Idaea inquinata                        20s,12u                  32

Dermestes maculatus               15s1m,11u             27

Cryptolestes pusilus                 6s,3m,17u              26

Palorus ratzeburgii                   13s,13m                 26

Sitophilus zeamais                    14s,1m,10u            25

Ephestia elutella                       17s,5m,2u              24

Prostephanus truncatus            11s,4m,9u              24

Sitophilus oryzae                      18s,6u                    24

Tribolium freemani                   15s.2m,6u              23

Cryptolestes turcicus                3s,2m,17u              22

Pagiocerus frontalis                  3s,16u                    19

Acanthoscelides obtectus         12s,1m,5u              18

Tineola bisselliella                    11s,3m,4u              18

Tenebrio molitor                      12s,1m,4u              17

Alphitobius diaperinus              11s,3m,2u              16

Hofmannophila pseudospretella16s                         16

Cathartus quadricollis               9s,2m,2u                13

Ahasverus advena                    4s,8u                      12

Sitotroga cerealella                  8s,4u                      12

Callosobruchus analis               10s                         10

Etiella zinckenella                     7s,2u                      9

Palembus dermestoides            6s,3u                      9

Bruchidius atrolineatus             4s,4u                      8

Dermestes lardarius                 3s,5u                      8

Endrosis sarcitrella                   6s,2m                     8

Necrobia rufipes                      4s,2m,2u                8

Acarus siro                              4s,3m                     7

Latheticus oryzae                     4s,3u                      7

Liposcelis entomophilus           7s                           7

Liposcelis reticulatus                7s                           7

Liposcelis yunnaniensis             7s                           7

Callosobruchus rhodesianus     6s                           6

Tinea pellionella                       1s,5u                      6

Cadra calidella                         3s,2m                     5

Cadra figulilella                        4s,1m                     5

Dermestes frischii                     1s,4u                      5

Gibbium psylloides                   3s,1m,1u                5

Tenebroides mauritanicus         4s,1u                      5

Trigonogenius globulus             2s,3m                     5

Anthreneus flavipes                  2s,2u                      4

Araecerus fasciculatus              4s                           4

Cynaeus angustus                    4s                           4

Dermestes ater                        1s,3u                      4

Dinoderus porcellus                 4s                           4

Tribolium anaphe                     4s                           4

Trogoderma versicolor             4s                           4

Tyrophagus putrescentiae         4s                           4

Dermestes haemorrhoidalis      3u                           3

Dermestes peruvianus              3u                           3

Gnathocerus cornutus              2s,1u                      3

Niptus hololeucus                    1m,2u                     3

Pseudeurostus hilleri                 2s,1u                      3

Sitophilus linearis                     1s,2u                      3

Zabrotes subfasciatus               3s                           3

Attagenus fasciatus                  2s                           2

Attagenus unicolor                   2u                           2

Carpophilus dimidiatus             2s                           2

Glischrochilus quadrisignatus2s 2

Oryzaephilus acuminatus          1s,1u                      2

Ptinus fur                                 2s                           2

Tribolium destructor                 2m                          2

Typhaea stercorea                   1s,1u                      2

Attagenus pellio                       1u                           1

Cryptolestes pusilloides            1s                           1

Cylas formicarius elegantulus1s                               1

Dinoderus minutus                   1s                           1

Mezium affine                          1s                           1

Palorus subdepressus               1s                           1

Ptinus latro                              1s                           1

Ptinus pusillus                          1s                           1

Tenebrio obscurus                   1u                           1

Tinea columbariella                  1m                          1

Total=94 species                     1181s,270m,671u  2121

 

Prevalence of differences between studies

1) Commodities suitable or marginal for a life history trait or traits in one study, but not in another

Cadra cautella                                  barley                              dev, fec, pop=s; dev=u

Cadra cautella                                  wheat                              dev, fec, pop=s; dev, fec=u

Oryzaephilus surinamensis                 wheat                              dev, fec, pop=s; pop=u;

Tribolium castaneum                         wheat                              dev, fec, pop=s; pop=m

 

Acanthoscelides obtectus                  broad bean                      dev, fec=s; fec=u

Cadra cautella                                  maize                               dev, fec=s; dev=m

Callosobruchus chinensis                  black gram                      dev, fec=s; dev=u

Callosobruchus chinensis                  hyacinth bean                   dev, fec=s,u

Callosobruchus chinensis                  lentil                                dev, fec=s; dev=m

Callosobruchus chinensis                  pea                                  dev, fec=s; dev=u

Callosobruchus maculatus                 pigeonpea                        dev, fec=s; dev=m

Callosobruchus maculatus                 soybean                           dev, fec=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         wheat bran                      dev, fec=s; dev=m

Lasioderma serricorne                      cinnamon                         dev, fec=s; dev=u

Lasioderma serricorne                      ginger                              dev, fec=s,m; dev=u

Lasioderma serricorne                      pea                                  dev, fec=s; dev=m

Lasioderma serricorne                      tobacco leaf                     dev, fec=s; dev=m

Oryzaephilus mercator                      peanut meal                     dev, fec=s; dev, pop=u

Oryzaephilus mercator                      raisin                               dev, fec=s; dev=m

Plodia interpunctella                          wheat                              dev, fec=s,m,u

Trogoderma granarium                     maize                               dev, fec-s; dev=m,u

Trogoderma granarium                     yeast                               dev, fec=m; dev=u

 

Cadra cautella                                  millet flour (arraw)           dev=s,u

Cadra cautella                                  soybean                           dev=s; dev, fec=m

Corcyra cephalonica                         black gram                      dev=su

Corcyra cephalonica                         black gram flour               dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         chickpea                          dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         chickpea flour                  dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         cottonseed                       dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         cottonseed, crushed         dev=su

Corcyra cephalonica                         cowpea                           dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         mung bean                       dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         peanut                             dev=s,m

Corcyra cephalonica                         wheat                              dev=s,m

Necrobia rufipes                               coconut                           dev=s,m

Plodia interpunctella                          prune                               dev=s,m

Plodia interpunctella                          raisin                               dev=s,m

Plodia interpunctella                          wheat flour                      dev=s,u

Tribolium castaneum                         lentil flour                         dev=s,m

Trogoderma granarium                     flax seed                          dev=s; dev, fec=u

Trogoderma granarium                     lima bean                         dev=s; dev, fec=m

Trogoderma granarium                     pinto bean                       dev=s; dev, fec=m

Trogoderma granarium                     rye                                  dev=s,m

 

Lasioderma serricorne                      turmeric                           dev=m,u

Tribolium castaneum                         peanut                             dev=m,u

 

Callosobruchus chinensis                  cluster bean (guara)         fec=s; dev, fec=u

Callosobruchus maculatus                 lentil                                fec=s; dev, fec=m,u

 

Cryptolestes pusillus                         maize                               pop=m,u

Cryptolestes pusillus                         wheat                              pop=s,m

Cryptolestes turcicus                        wheat, damaged              pop=s,m

 

2) Commodities suitable or marginal for one life history trait, but not for another

Lasioderma serricorne                      wheat flour                      dev, fec=s; pop=u

Tribolium castaneum                         soybean meal                   dev, fec=s; pop=u

Trogoderma variabile                        maize meal                       dev, fec=s; pop=m

Trogoderma variabile                        wheat flour                      dev, fec=s; pop=m

 

Ahasverus advena                            insect, crushed dried        dev=s; fec=u

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    rapeseed                         dev=s; pop=m,u

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    sunflower seed                 dev=s; pop=m,u

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    sunflower seed, ground    dev=s; pop=m,u

Oryzaephilus mercator                      fig meal                            dev=s; fec=m

Oryzaephilus surinamensis                 peanut, damaged             dev=s; pop=u

Prostephanus truncatus                     sorghum                          dev=s; pop=m

Prostephanus truncatus                     sorghum flour                   dev=s; pop=m

Tribolium castaneum                         clover seed, ground         dev=s; fec=u

Tribolium castaneum                         peanut, damaged             dev=s; pop=u

Tribolium castaneum                         rapeseed, ground             dev=s; fec=u

Tribolium confusum                          flax seed, ground             dev=s; fec=u

Trogoderma glabrium                       wheat                              dev=s; pop=m

 

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    clover seed, ground         dev=m; fec=u

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    flax seed                          dev=m; pop=u

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    flax seed, ground             dev=m; fec, pop=u

Oryzaephilus mercator                      date meal                         dev=m; fec=u

Oryzaephilus mercator                      raisin meal                       dev=m; fec=u

Oryzaephilus surinamensis                 rapeseed, ground             dev=m; fec=u

Tribolium castaneum                         soybean                           dev=m; pop=u

Tribolium confusum                          clover seed, ground         dev=m; fec=u

Tribolium confusum                          rapeseed, ground             dev=m; fec=u

 

Callosobruchus chinensis                  kidney bean                     fec=s; dev=u

Callosobruchus chinensis                  soybean                           fec=s; dev=m,u

Callosobruchus chinensis                  sword bean                     fec=s; dev=u

Callosobruchus maculatus                 African yam bean             fec=s; dev=m

Tribolium confusum                          biscuit                              fec=s; dev=m

Tribolium confusum                          herb mixture                    fec=s; dev=m

Tribolium confusum                          peanut                             fec=s; dev=m

Tribolium confusum                          wheat semolina                fec=s; dev=m

 

Cryptolestes ferrugineus                    wheat                              pop=s; dev, fec=m

Oryzaephilus mercator                      peanut, whole                  pop=s; dev=u