Effects of Botanicals on Stored Product Insects

Weaver and Subramanyam (2000) listed 200 plant species that were active against stored-product insect pests from the Prakash and Rao (1997) review of botanicals studied for use against agricultural pests. The effect of each of these plant species on stored-product insects is given here and an additional 284 plant species active against stored-product insect species are listed. These plant species belong to 96 families and most frequently to Asteraceae (100) and Lamiaceae (39). Another 10 families had 10 or more plant species (Annonaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Fabaceae, Meliaceae, Myrtaceae, Poaceae, Rutaceae, Solanaceae, Umbelliferae and Zingiberaceae). For 43 of the families, only one of the plant species active against stored-product insects is in the list. In three cases, plant species are divided between alternative family names, i.e., Fabaceae and Leguminosae, Apiaceae and Umbelliferae, and Capparaceae and Capparidaceae. Although Lamiaceae and Labiatae are valid alternative family names, all plants in these families are listed under the currently preferred family name Lamiaceae. Also, Amaryllidaceae has been considered a subfamily of Liliaceae.

A total of 37 stored-product insect species were used in these studies and four insect species were most common (54.0%) (Callosobruchus chinensis, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae and Tribolium castaneum). These and an additional four species (Acanthoscelides obtectus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus zeamais and Sitotroga cerealella) were used in the majority (77.2%) of studies.

A total of 16 effects of botanicals on stored-products insects are used in the tabulation. However, the effect was either sublethal behavioral (attract or repel, or deter feeding or oviposition) or insecticidal reducing the number of insects infesting a commodity. The effect of botanicals on stored-product insects is sorted by plant family. The same plant species may have several effects on an insect species.

A total of 269 chemicals from plants that are active against stored-product insects are sorted plant species from which they were extracted. These chemicals are active against one or more of 14 stored-product insect species as antifeedants, attractants, fumigants, insecticides or repellents, or inhibit insect development or population growth. Many other chemicals from plants that are active against insects have been identified, but have not been tried against stored-product insects.

Concentrations of active chemicals often vary between plant parts (leaf, seed, root, fruit, bark, etc.) and the effectiveness may vary with method of application (powder, extract or vapors). Botanicals generally need to be applied more frequently than residual insecticides. Original paper or the Prakash and Rao (1997) review will need to be consulted for this information. Original papers can be located by consulting the index in the Prakash and Rao (1997) review, or for other or more recent studies by searching the references cited here. Plant species not included in a paper title are listed in parentheses after the citation. Citations to most of the original references on antifeedants can be found in Koul (2005) or Nawrot and Harmatha (2013) and on many of the insecticidal chemicals from plants in Dev and Koul (1997). Out of 1224 active chemicals (900 antifeedant and 324 insecticidal) reported in Dev and Koul (1997) and Koul (2005), 10.5% (7.8% of antifeedant and 18.2% of insecticidal) were reported to have been tested against stored product insects.

Lale (1995) discusses the research needed to successfully use botanicals in pest management programs for stored-product insects. Active chemicals need to be identified, their mode of action needs to be determined, standardized extraction methods need to be developed and more field research is needed on application methods and frequency of application. Also, these plant products need to be made commercially available to farmers and grain merchants in a usable form. Other reviews of using botanicals against stored-product insects include Cobbinah et al. 2006, Dales 1996, Golob et al. 1982, 1999 and Talukder 2006. For additional botanicals tested against stored product insects see Botanicals: Additional Species.

Plant Species by Family
Acanthaceae (5)
Adhatoda vasica
Andrographis paniculata
Gendarussa vulgaris
Justicia betonica
Justicia gendarussa

Amaryllidaceae (5)
Agava amaricana
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Amaranthus spinosus
Narcissus tazetta

Anacardiaceae (3)
Myracrodruon urundeuva
Pistacia lentiscus
Schunus molle

Ancistrocladaceae (1)
Mangifera indica

Annonaceae (11)
Annona mucosa
Annona muricata
Annona reticulata
Annona senegalensis
Annona squamosa
Artabotrys hexapetalus
Cananga odorata
Cleistoholiis patens
Denneltia tripetala
Monodora myristica
Xylopia aethiopica

Apiaceae (4)
Coriandrum sativum
Ferula assafoetida
Foeniculum vulgare
Pimpinella anisum

Apocynaceae (5)
Alstonia boonei
Nerium indicum
Nerium oleander
Rauvolfia serpentina
Thevetia peruvania

Araceae (2)
Acorus calamus
Acorus gramineus

Aristolochiaceae (2)
Aristolochia bracteata
Asiasarum sieboldi

Asclepiadaceae (5)
Calotropis gigantea
Calotropis procera
Decalepis hamiltonii
Pergularia daemia
Tylophora asthematica

Aspidiaceae (1)
Dryopteris crassirhizoma

Asteraceae (100)
Achillea ageratum
Adenostyles alliariae
Ageratum conyzoides
Ageratum houstonianum
Anacyclus pyrethrum
Anthemis nobilis
Arctotis grandis
Artemisia absinthium
Artemisia monosperma
Artemisia saissanica
Artemisia sieberi
Artemisia tridentata
Artemisia vulgaris
Arthermisia annua
Atractylis lentiformis
Atractylis ovata
Atractylodes lancea
Baccharis sagitalis
Balsamita major
Balsamorhiza sagittata
Blumea aurita
Caesulia axillaris
Carthamus tinctorius
Centaurea dichroantha
Centaurea alba
Centaurea banatica
Centaurea bella
Centaurea calestropa
Centaurea carniolica
Centaurea carpatica
Centaurea ceratophylla
Centaurea diffusa
Centaurea maelithensis
Centaurea micranthos
Centaurea nemoralis
Centaurea nicaensis
Centaurea paniculata
Centaurea pannonica
Centaurea polyacantha
Centaurea pratensis
Centaurea pseudophrigia
Centaurea pullata
Centaurea salicifolia
Centaurea salonitana
Centaurea scabiosa
Centaurea seridis
Cephalophora aromatica
Chromolaena odorata
Chrysanthemum balsamita
Chrysanthemum coronarium
Chrysanthemum fuscatum
Chrysanthemum grandiflorum
Chrysanthemum macrophullum
Chrysanthemum termutense
Cissampelopsis owariensis
Crassocephalum crepedioides
Dittrichia viscosa
Echinacea angustifolia
Eclipta alba
Eclipta prostata
Elephantopus scaber
Elephantopus tomentosus
Eriangea affinis
Eupatorium cannabinum
Eupatorium capillifolium
Eupatorium lantanaefolium
Grossheimia macrocephala
Helenium aromaticus
Helianthus annus
Heliopsis longipes
Homogyne alpina
Inula helenium
Iva xanthifolia
Jurinea alata
Leuzea carthamoides
Matricaria chamomilla
Onopordon ancanthium
Parthenium hysterophorus
Petasites albus
Petasites hybridus
Petasites kablikianus
Picris echioides
Pseudoelephantopus apicatus
Reichardia tingitana
Rhaponticum pulchrum
Saussurea lappa
Schkuhria schkuhrioides
Senecio lopezii
Spilanthes oleraceae
Tagetes erecta
Tagetes lucida
Tagetes minuta
Tagetes patula
Tanacetum parthenium
Tanacetum polycephalum
Tridax procumbens
Ursinia anthemoides
Venidium hirsutum
Vernonia acunnae
Xeranthemum cylindraceum

Basellaceae (1)
Basella alba

Begoniaceae (1)
Crescentia cujecta

Boraginaceae (2)
Heliotropium indicum
Echiochilon fruticosum

Brassicaceae (8)
Brassica campestris v. sarson
Brassica campestris v. taria
Brassica hirta
Brassica juncea
Armoracia rusticana
Cocholeria armoracia
Eruca sativa
Eruca vesicaria

Caesalpiniaceae (11)
Bobgunnia madagascariensis
Caesalpinia bonducella
Caesalpinia sappan
Cassia artemisioides
Cassia fistula
Cassia occidentalis
Cassia sophera
Chamaecrista nigricans
Delonix regia
Intsia bijuga
Peltophorum pterocarpum

Cannaceae (1)
Canna indica

Capparaceae (2)
Boscia senegalensis
Crateva religiosa

Capparidaceae (1)
Capparis decidua

Caprifoliaceae (1)
Sambucus nigra

Caricaceae (1)
Carica papaya

Celastraceae (4)
Celastrus angulata
Celastrus glaucophyllus
Euonymus eropaea
Tripterygium wilfodrii

Chenopodiaceae (2)
Anabasis hispanica
Chenopodium ambrosioides

Clusiaceae (2)
Calophyllum inophyllum
Mammea americana

Combretaceae (3)
Combretum micranthum
Quisqualis indica
Terminalia catappa

Convolvulaceae (3)
Ipomea cornea
Ipomea palmata
Operculina turpethum

Cucurbitaceae (4)
Citrullus colocynthis
Luffa acutangula
Luffa aegyptica
Momordica charantia

Cupressaceae (8)
Chamaecyparis lawsomania
Chamaecyparis obtusa
Cupressus lusitanica var. benthamii
Cupressus sempervirens
Juniperus virginiana
Libocedrus yateensis
Thuja occidentalis
Thuja plicata

Dioscoreaceae (2)
Dioscorea batatas
Dioscorea hypoglauca

Dipteraceae (1)
Shorea robusta

Dipterocarpaceae (1)
Vateria indica

Ericaceae (1)
Rhododendron molle

Euphorbiaceae (8)
Cleistanthus collinus
Croton linearis
Euphorbia fischeriana
Euphorbia pulcherrima
Jatropha curcas
Jatropha gossypifolia
Putranjiva roxburghii
Ricinus communis

Fabaceae (22)
Arachis hypogaea
Coronilla varia
Crotolaria juncea
Derris elliptica
Derris ferruginea
Derris inudata
Dolichos buchani
Lonchocarpus deniflorus
Erythrina variegata var. orientalis
Gleditsia horrida
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Medicago sativa
Melaleuca fulgens
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Ougeinia dalbergioides
Phaseolus vulgaris
Pisum sativum
Pongamia glabra
Pongamia pinnata
Psoralea corylifolia
Tephrosia candida
Tephrosia vogelii

Flacourtiaceae (1)
Ryania speciosa

Geraniaceae (1)
Geranium viscosissimum

Gesneriaceae (1)
Didymocarpus podocarpa

Gingeberaceae (1)
Gingiber officinale

Gramineae (2)
Cynodon dactylon
Elyonurus muticus

Guttiferae (2)
Garcinia morella
Hypericum ascyron

Hepaticae (1)
Lophocolea heterophylla

Hypnaceae (1)
Hypnum cupressiforme

Illiciaceae (1)
Illicium verum

Lamiaceae (38)
Agastache rugosa
Anisomeles ovata
Coleus aromaticus
Elsholtzia iriostchya
Elsholtzia stauntonii
Hyptis spicigera
Hyptis suaveolens
Iboza multiflora
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavandula gibsoni
Lavandula stoechas
Mentha avensis
Mentha ciliata
Mentha piperita
Mentha spicata
Monarda fistulosa
Ocimum adscendens
Ocimum americanum
Ocimum basilicum
Ocimum canum
Ocimum gratissimum
Ocimum sanctum
Ocimum suave
Ocimum viride
Origanum serpyllum
Origanum syriacum var. bevanii
Plectranthus glandulosus
Pogostemon heynemus
Pogostemon parviflorus
Rosmarinus officinalis
Salvia officinalis
Satureja hortensis
Schizonepeta tenuifolia
Scutellaria baicalensis
Thymus serpylium
Thymus vulgaris
Zataria multiflora
Zhumeria majdae

Lauraceae (7)
Cinnamonum aromaticum
Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum cassia
Cinnamomum sieboldii
Cinnamomum tamala
Laurus nobilis
Litsea cubeba

Leguminosae (8)
Afrormosia laxiflora
Erythrophleum guineense
Erythrophleum sauveolans
Lathyrus sativus
Luetzelburgia auriculata
Sophora flavescens
Trigonella foenum-gracecum
Mundulea suberosa

Liliaceae (2)
Asphodelus fistulosus
Dracaena arborea

Linaceae (1)
Linum usitatissimum

Malvaceae (4)
Gossypium arboreum
Gossypium hirsutum
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Side acuta

Meliaceae (17)
Aphanamixis polystachya
Azadirachta indica
Cedrus deodara
Cedrela odarata
Entandrophragma candollei
Entandrophragma caudatum
Entandrophragma utile
Eugenia aromaticum
Eugenia caryophyllata
Khaya senegalensis
Lansium domesticum
Melia azedarach
Melia toosendan
Myristica fragrans
Swietenia humilis
Toona ciliata
Trichilia trifoliata

Menispermaceae (3)
Bania tolifolia
Cissampelos owariensis
Cocculus trilobus

Mimosaceae (1)
Acacia concinna

Moraceae (2)
Cannabis sativa
Ficus exaperata

Moringaceae (1)
Moringa oleifera

Myrsinaceae (1)
Embelia ribes

Myrtaceae (10)
Callistemon lanceolatus
Eucalyptus blakelyi
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus citriodora
Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus intertexta
Eucalyptus saligna
Eucalyptus sargentii
Eucalyptus staigeriana
Syzygium aromaticum

Nyctaginaceae (1)
Bougainvillea spectabilis

Oleaceae (1)
Jasminum arborescens

Opiliaceae (1)
Opilia celtidifolia

Palmaceae (2)
Cocos nucifera
Elaeis guineensis

Papaveraceae (1)
Argemone mexicana

Pedaliaceae (1)
Sesamum indicum

Piperaceae (5)
Piper cubeba
Piper guineese
Piper longum
Piper nigrum
Piper umbellatum

Plumbaginaceae (1)
Plumbago zeylanica

Poaceae (10)
Cymbopogon caesius
Cymbopogon citratus
Cymbopogon flexuosus
Cymbopogon martinni
Cymbopogon nardus
Cymbopogon wintercanus
Oryza sativa
Sorghum bicolor
Vetiveria zizanioides
Zea mays

Polygalaceae (1)
Securidaca longepedunculata

Polygonaceae (3)
Polygonum aviculare
Polygonum hydropiper
Rheum coreanum

Pontederiaceae (1)
Eichhornia crassipes

Portulacaceae (1)
Portulaca oleraceae

Primulaceae (2)
Lysimachia davurica
Lysimachia hummularia

Punicaceae (1)
Punica granatum

Ranunculaceae (4)
Aconitum episcopale
Clematis vitalba
Nigella sativa
Paeonia suffruticosa

Rhizophoraceae (1)
Ceriops tagal

Rosaceae (1)
Chaenomeles sinensis

Rubiaceae (5)
Crossopterix febrifuga
Gardenia jasminoides
Oldenlandia umbellata
Randia spinosa
Xeromphis spinosa

Russulaceae (1)
Lactarius rufus

Rutaceae (21)
Aegle marmelos
Atlantia monophylla
Citrus aurantifolia
Citrus aurantium
Citrus limon
Citrus medica var. limonia
Citrus paradisi
Citrus reticulata
Citrus sinensis
Clausena anisata
Dictamnus dasycarpus
Evodia rutaecarpa
Feronia limonia
Feronia elephantum
Melicope subunifoliata
Murraya koenigii
Ruptilocarpon caracolito
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Zanthoxylum piperitum
Zanthoxylum planispinum
Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides

Sapindaceae (2)
Sapindus emarginatus
Sapindus mukorossi

Sapotaceae (4)
Butyrospermum parkii
Madhuca butyracea
Madhuca indica
Vitellaria paradoxa

Scrophulariaceae (1)
Bellardia trixago

Simaroubaceae (3)
Ailanthus altissima
Brucea javanica
Quasia africana

Simmondasiaceae (1)
Simmondasia chinensis

Solanaceae (13)
Capsicum annum
Capsicum fruitescens
Cestrum nocturnum
Datura gyercifolia
Datura innoxia
Datura metel
Datura stramonium
Lycopersicon esculentum
Nicotiana tabacum
Physalis peruviana
Solanum khasianum
Solanum nigrum
Solanum tuberosum

Stemonaceae (2)
Stemona japonica
Stemona sessifolia

Sterculiaceae (1)
Theobroma cacao

Taccaceae (1)
Tacca pinnatifida

Taxaceae (2)
Taxus baccata
Torreya grandis

Thymelaeaceae (2)
Aquilaria agallocha
Daphne odora

Tiliaceae (1)
Tilia cordata sylvestris

Umbelliferae (14)
Anethum graveolus
Angelica dahurica
Angelica sylvestris
Apium graveolens
Bunium persicum
Carum copticum
Carum roxyburgharum
Cnidium officinale
Cuminum cyminum
Laserpitium archangelica
Laserpitium siler
Laser trilobum
Steganotaenia araliacea
Trachyspermum ammi

Valerianaceae (7)
Junellia aspera
Lippia alba
Lippia geminata
Lippia origanoides
Nardostachys chinensis
Valeriana officinalis
Vitex negundo

Verbenaceae (7)
Clerodendrum fragrans
Clerodendrum indicum
Clerodendrum inerme
Clerodendrum infortunatum
Clerodendrum siphonenthus
Lantana indica
Lantana camara

Zingiberaceae (12)
Aframomum melegueta
Alpinia galanga
Alpinia conchigera
Curcuma amada
Curcuma longa
Curcuma zedoaria
Elettaria cardamomum
Kaempferia galanga
Zingiber hypogeon
Zingiber officinale
Zingiber spectabile
Zingiber zerumbet

Zygophyllaceae (1)
Peganum harmala

Plant Species by Insect Species (from Prakash and Rao 1997)
Acanthoscelides obtectus (2)
Heliopsis longipes, insecticidal
Piper nigrum, protect

Bruchus pisorum (1)
Derris elliptica, insecticidal

Bruchus spp. (1)
Azadirachta indica, protect

Cadra cautella (3)
Azadirachta indica, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, protect
Oryza sativa, insecticidal

Callosobruchus chinensis (95)
Acorus calamus, development
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Acorus calamus, reproduction
Adhatoda vasica, insecticidal
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Ageratum conyzoides, reproduction
Allium cepa, insecticidal
Allium sativum, insecticidal
Annona reticulata, protect
Annona squamosa, protect
Apium graveolens, development
Apium graveolens, insecticidal
Arachis hypogaea, protect
Aristolochia bracteata, protect
Atractylis lentiformis, protect
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Azadirachta indica, reproduction
Bania tolifolia, insecticidal
Bougainvillea spectabilis, insecticidal
Brassica campestris v. sarson, development
Brassica campestris v. sarson, repellent
Brassica campestris v. taria, insecticidal
Brassica juncea, reproduction
Butyrospermum parkii, protect
Calophyllum inophyllum, repellent
Calotropis procera insecticidal
Carthamus tinctorius, insecticidal
Carum roxyburgharum, insecticidal
Cassia fistula, insecticidal
Chrysanthemum termutense, protect
Citrullus colocynthis, insecticidal
Citrus aurantifolia, insecticidal
Cleistanthus collinus, antifeedant
Clerodendrum inerme, deter oviposition
Clerodendrum inerme, insecticidal
Cocos nucifera, insecticidal
Coleus aromaticus, protect
Curcurma longa, protect
Curcurma zedoaria, insecticidal
Cymbopogon martinni, insecticidal
Cymbopogon wintercanus, insecticidal
Daphne odora, insecticidal
Datura metel, insecticidal
Derris elliptica, insecticidal
Elaeis guineensis, insecticidal
Embelia ribes, insecticidal
Eruca sativa, protect
Eruca vesicaria, protect
Eucalyptus globulus, insecticidal
Eucalyptus sp., reproduction
Gendarussa vulgaris, insecticidal
Gossypium arboreum, insecticidal
Helianthus annuus, population
Ipomea cornea, insecticidal
Ipomea cornea, repellent
Ipomea cornea, reproduction
Ipomea palmata, insecticidal
Justicia gendarussa, insecticidal
Lantana camara, antifeedant
Lantana camara, insecticidal
Linum usitatissimum, synergist
Madhuca butyracea, insecticidal
Madhuca indica, insecticidal
Madhuca indica, repellent
Mentha arvensis, insecticidal
Mentha ciliata, insecticidal
Mentha piperita, fumigant
Mentha spicata, insecticidal
Mentha spicata, repellent
Mundulea suberosa, protect
Nerium indicum, insecticide
Nigella sativa, insecticidal
Oryza sativa, development
Oryza sativa, repellent
Oryza sativa, reproduction
Ougeinia dalbergioides, insecticidal
Pogostemon heynemus, insecticidal
Pongamia glabra, insecticidal
Psoralea corylifolia, insecticidal
Ricinus communis, reproduction
Sapindus emarginatus, protect
Saussurea lappa, insecticidal
Sesamum indicum, protect
Shorea robusta, protect
Syzygium aromaticum, insecticidal
Tephrosia candida, insecticidal
Thevetia peruvania, insecticidal
Tridax procumbens, protect
Vitex negundo, protect
Zea mays, insecticidal
Zingiber hypogeon, insecticidal
Zingiber officinale, insecticidal

Callosobruchus maculatus (54)
Adhatoda vasica, insecticidal
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Annona reticulata, protect
Apium graveolens, development
Apium graveolens, insecticidal
Arachis hypogaea, protect
Artabotyrs sp., insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Azadirachta indica, reproduction
Bougainvillea spectabilis, insecticidal
Brassica campestris v. sarson, repellent
Brassica campestris v. taria, insecticidal
Brassica juncea, reproduction
Calophyllum inophyllum, repellent
Capsicum annuum, insecticidal
Carthamus tinctorius, insecticidal
Carum roxyburgharum, insecticidal
Citrus aurantifolia, insecticidal
Citrus aurantium, antifeedant
Citrus aurantium, reproduction
Citrus paradisi, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, repellent
Curcurma zedoaria, insecticidal
Cymbopogon martinni, insecticidal
Cymbopogon wintercanus, insecticidal
Delonix regia, antifeedant
Elaeis guineensis, insecticidal
Embelia ribes, insecticidal
Eruca vesicaria, protect
Eucalyptus globulus, insecticidal
Gossypium arboreum, insecticidal
Helianthus annuus, population
Ipomea cornea, insecticidal
Ipomea cornea, repellent
Ipomea cornea, reproduction
Mentha arvensis, insecticidal
Mentha arvensis, protect
Mentha spicata, insecticidal
Nerium indicum, insecticide
Oryza sativa, development
Oryza sativa, oviposition
Oryza sativa, repellent
Piper guineese, insecticidal
Piper nigrum, protect
Psoralea corylifolia, insecticidal
Ricinus communis, oviposition
Saussurea lappa, insecticidal
Sesamum indicum, protect
Shorea robusta, protect
Syzygium aromaticum, insecticidal
Thevetia peruvania, oviposition
Zingiber hypogeon, insecticidal

Callosobruchus phaseoli (3)
Azadirachta indica, protect
Citrus aurantium, insecticidal
Clausena anisata, antifeedant

Callosobruchus rhodesianus (2)
Ricinus communis, oviposition
Ricinus communis, population

Caryedon serratus (2)
Chenopodium ambrosioides, insecticidal
Tephrosia vogelii, insecticidal

Callosobruchus spp. (5)
Caesalpinia bonducella, protect
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Annona squamosa, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, protect
Ricinus communis, population

Corcyra cephalonica (26)
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Allium cepa, insecticidal
Allium sativum, development
Alpina galanga, insecticidal
Annona squamosa, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, deter oviposition
Azadirachta indica, development
Azadirachta indica, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, oviposition
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Brassica campestris v. taria, insecticidal
Cestrum nocturnum, protect
Clerodendrum inerme, development
Curcurma amada, insecticidal
Curcurma zedoaria, insecticidal
Cymbopogon citratus, repellent
Cymbopogon martinni, antifeedant
Cymbopogon wintercanus, antifeedant
Cymbopogon wintercanus, development
Datura metel, repellent
Eucalyptus sp., repellent
Justicia betonica, development
Lippia geminata, development
Piper nigrum, development
Tylophora asthematica, protect
Zingiber officinale, insecticidal

Cylas formicarius (1)
Clerodendrum infortunatum, population

Ephestia kuehniella (1)
Azadirachta indica, development

Latheticus oryzae (5)
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Clerodendrum indicum, antifeedant
Portulaca oleraceae, insecticidal
Vetiveria zizanioides, antifeedant
Vitex negundo, protect

Lasioderma serricorne (1)
Ferula assafoetida, protect

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (10)
Acorus calamus, development
Ageratum conyzoides, insecticidal
Annona squamosa, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Cleistanthus collinus, larvicidal
Euonymus eropaea, antifeedant
Ipomea cornea, protect
Ocimum basilicum, fumigant
Piper nigrum, insecticidal
Pongamia glabra, antifeedant

Plodia interpunctella (1)
Oryza sativa, terminate diapause

Rhyzopertha dominica (50)
Acacia concinna, antifeedant
Acacia concinna, insecticidal
Acorus calamus, protect
Acorus calamus, repellent
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Adhatoda vasica, repellent
Aegle marmelos, protect
Aegle marmelos, repellent
Allium cepa, repellent
Allium sativum, protect
Annona reticulata, protect
Aphanamixis polystachya, protect
Arachis hypogaea, synergist
Artemisia saissanica, repellent
Artemisia vulgaris, repellent
Atractylis ovata, repellent
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, protect
Calotropis procera, repellent
Cannabis sativa, protect
Chenopodium ambrosioides, antifeedant
Chrysanthemum termutense, protect
Cocos nucifera, protect
Curcurma longa, protect
Embelia ribes, insecticidal
Eucalyptus sp., population
Gardenia jasminoides, repellent
Helenium aromaticum, protect package
Juniperus virginiana, protect
Laurus nobilis, fumigant
Linum usitatissimum, synergist
Lippia geminata, repellent
Lonchocarpus deniflorus, insecticidal
Luffa aegyptica, protect
Madhuca indica, insecticidal
Madhuca indica, oviposition
Melia azedarach, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, repellent
Sapindus emarginatus, antifeedant
Sapindus mukorossi, insecticidal
Sapindus mukorossi, synergist
Saussurea lappa, antifeedant
Saussurea lappa, protect
Sesamum indicum, protect
Sesamum indicum, synergist
Syzygium aromaticum, insecticidal
Tagetes patula, insecticidal
Toona ciliata, protect
Trichilia trifoliata, insecticidal
Vitex negundo, protect

Sitophilus granarius (15)
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Citrus paradisi, population
Citrus sinensis, insecticidal
Curcurma longa, protect
Curcurma longa, repellent
Helenium aromaticum, protect package
Inula helenium, antifeedant
Lantana camara, insecticidal
Laser trilobum, antifeedant
Laserpitium archangelica, antifeedant
Laserpitium siler, antifeedant
Lycopersicon esculentum, repellent
Melia azedarach, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, repellent
Trigonella foenum-graecum, repellent

Sitophilus oryzae (90)
Acacia concinna, antifeedant
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Aegle marmelos, protect
Aegle marmelos, repellent
Agava amaricana, repellent
Ageratum conyzoides, damage
Allium cepa, insecticidal
Allium sativum, insecticidal
Alpina galanga, protect
Andrographis paniculata, damage
Annona reticulata, protect
Annona squamosa, protect
Aphanamixis polystachya, protect
Argemone mexicana, protect
Argemone mexicana, repellent
Artemisia absinthium, insecticidal
Artemisia saissanica, repellent
Atlantia monophylla, insecticidal
Atlantia monophylla, repellent
Atractylis ovata, repellent
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Bougainvillea spectabilis, insecticidal
Brassica juncea, repellent
Calotropis gigantea, antifeedant
Calotropis gigantea, insecticidal
Canna indica, insecticidal
Cannabis sativa, protect
Capsicum fruitescens, protect
Cassia artemisioides, insecticidal
Cassia fistula, protect
Celastrus angulata, development
Chrysanthemum termutense, protect
Citrus aurantifolia, insecticidal
Citrus aurantium, protect
Citrus reticulata, protect
Cleistanthus collinus, insecticidal
Clerodendrum fragrans, antifeedant
Clerodendrum indicum, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, development
Crotolaria juncea, insecticidal
Curcurma amada, insecticidal
Curcurma longa, insecticidal
Curcurma longa, protect
Curcurma longa, repellent
Curcurma zedoaria, insecticidal
Cymbopogon caesius, insecticidal
Derris elliptica, protect
Euphorbia pulcherrima, insecticidal
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, insecticidal
Jasminum arborescens, insecticidal
Juniperus verginiana, protect
Lantana camara, antifeedant
Linum usitatissimum, repellent
Lippia geminata, repellent
Litsea cubeba, insecticidal
Lonchocarpus deniflorus, insecticidal
Luffa acutangula, insecticidal
Luffa aegyptica, protect
Lycopersicon esculentum, repellent
Madhuca indica, insecticidal
Madhuca indica, ovipositon
Mammea americana, insecticidal
Mammea americana, repellent
Melia azedarach, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, repellent
Mundulea suberosa, protect
Nerium indicum, insecticide
Ocimum americanum, insecticidal
Piper guineese, protect
Piper nigrum, protect
Pongamia glabra, antifeedant
Pongamia glabra, repellent
Ricinus communis, repellent
Sapindus emarginatus, antifeedant
Sesamum indicum, protect
Sesamum indicum, synergist
Syzygium aromaticum, insecticidal
Tephrosia candida, protect
Toona ciliata, protect
Tridax procumbens, insecticidal
Trigonella foenum-graecum, insecticidal
Trigonella foenum-graecum, repellent
Tripterygium wilfodrii, development
Vitex negundo, protect
Zea mays, insecticidal
Zingiber, officinale insecticidal

Stegobium paniceum (1)
Pogostemon heynemus, insecticidal

stored-product insects (32)
Acorus calamus, protect
Acorus calamus, reproduction
Afrormosia laxiflora, population
Agava amaricana, repellent
Arachis hypogaea, population
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Brassica hirta, protect
Butyrospermum parkii, protect
Caesalpinia bonducella, protect
Capsicum annuum, insecticidal
Capsicum fruitescens, repellent
Citrus aurantifolia, population
Clematis vitalba, repellent
Clerodendrum infortunatum, repellent
Datura stramonium, protect
Erythrophleum guineense, protect
Erythrophleum sauveolans, protect
Gingiber officinale, damage
Hyptis spicigera, repellent
Lysimachia nummularia, insecticidal
Mangifera indica, repellent
Melia azedarach, protect
Mentha spicata, protect
Momordica foetida, insectidical
Nicotiana tabacum, protect
Piper longum, repellent
Pongamia glabra, protect
Randia spinosa, protect
Tacca pinnatifida, protect
Vitex negundo, antifeedant
Xeromphis spinosa, insecticidal

Sitophilus spp. (2)
Polygonum hydropiper, repellent
Ricinus communis, population

Sitophilus zeamais (22)
Ageratum conyzoides, insecticidal
Arachis hypogaea, protect
Capsicum annuum, insecticidal
Celastrus angulata, development
Celastrus glaucophyllus, antifeedant
Citrus aurantium, population
Crassocephalum crepedioides, insecticidal
Cymbopogon caesius, insecticidal
Eclipta prostata, insecticidal
Elephantopus scaber, insecticidal
Elephantopus tomentosus, insecticidal
Eugenia aromaticum, repellent
Litsea cubeba, insecticidal
Lycopersicon esculentum, repellent
Ocimum suave, repellent
Piper nigrum, insecticidal
Pseudoelephantopus apicatus, insecticidal
Thevetia peruvania, insecticidal
Tridax procumbens, insecticidal
Tripterygium wilfodrii, development
Vitex negundo, protect
Zea mays, development

Sitotroga cerealella (45)
Acacia concinna, protect
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Acorus calamus, protect
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Adhatoda vasica, repellent
Aegle marmelos, protect
Aegle marmelos, repellent
Allium cepa, repellent
Allium sativum, protect
Amaranthus spinosus, larvicidal
Andrographis paniculata, damage
Artemisia vulgaris, repellent
Atlantia monophylla, insecticidal
Atlantia monophylla, repellent
Atractylis ovata, repellent
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Azadirachta indica, protect
Caesalpinia sappan, oviposition
Calophyllum inophyllum, protect
Cannabis sativa, protect
Cassia fistula, population
Chenopodium ambrosioides, population
Chrysanthemum termutense, protect
Citrus reticulata, protect
Clerodendrum infortunatum, repellent
Coleus aromaticus, protect
Crescentia cujecta, population
Curcurma longa, protect
Cymbopogon citratus, protect
Derris ferruginea, insecticidal
Eclipta alba, ovicidal
Eucalyptus sp., population
Euphorbia pulcherrima, protect
Gossypium hirsutum, insecticidal
Lippia geminata, repellent
Lonchocarpus deniflorus, insecticidal
Melia azedarach, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, repellent
Nicotiana tabacum, protect
Piper nigrum, protect
Sapindus emarginatus, antifeedant
Thevetia peruvania, population
Toona ciliata, protect
Vitex negundo, protect
Vitex negundo, repellent

Tribolium castaneum (60)
Acacia concinna, antifeedant
Acorus calamus, development
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Adhatoda vasica, protect
Ageratum conyzoides, insecticidal
Anethum graveolu,s repellent
Annona squamosa, insecticidal
Arachis hypogaea, synergist
Artemisia vulgaris, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Brassica campestris v. taria, insecticidal
Calotropis procera, repellent
Chrysanthemum termutense, protect
Citrus aurantium, protect
Crassocephalum crepedioides, insecticidal
Curcurma longa, repellent
Cuminum cyminum, repellent
Dolichos buchani, antifeedant
Dolichos buchani, insecticidal
Eclipta prostata, insecticidal
Elephantopus scaber, insecticidal
Elephantopus tomentosus, insecticidal
Elscholtzia iriostchya, development
Embelia ribes, insecticidal
Garcinia morella, synergist
Gardenia jasminoides, repellent
Intsia bijuga, repellent
Inula helenium, antifeedant
Ipomea cornea, protect
Jatropha gossypifolia, insecticidal
Laser trilobum, antifeedant
Laserpitium archangelica, antifeedant
Laserpitium siler, antifeedant
Laurus nobilis, repellent
Lavandula gibsoni, insecticidal
Linum usitatissimum, synergist
Luffa aegyptica, protect
Mentha piperita, fumigant
Momordica charantia, repellent
Nerium indicum, protect
Ocimum basilicum, repellent
Ocimum gratissimum, development
Oldenlandia umbellata, population
Pimpinella anisum, insecticidal
Piper nigrum, insecticidal
Pongamia glabra, antifeedant
Pseudoelephantopus apicatus, insecticidal
Rauvolfia serpentina, development
Sapindus mukorossi, insecticidal
Sapindus mukorossi, synergist
Saussurea lappa, protect
Saussurea lappa, repellent
Sesamum indicum, synergist
Tagetes patula, insecticidal
Thevetia peruvania, insecticidal
Tridax procumbens, insecticidal
Vateria indica, insecticidal

Tribolium confusum (1)
Brassica campestris v. taria, insecticidal

Trogoderma granarium (15)
Acorus calamus, reproduction
Allium sativum, insecticidal
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, protect
Azadirachta indica, repellent
Calotropis procera, repellent
Gardenia jasminoides, repellent
Inula helenium, antifeedant
Laser trilobum, antifeedant
Laserpitium archangelica, antifeedant
Laserpitium siler, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, antifeedant
Melia azedarach, repellent
Saussurea lappa, protect
Valeriana officinalis, insecticidal

Tenebrio molitor (7)
Anacyclus pyrethrum, insecticidal
Chamaecyparis lawsomania, development
Derris elliptica, insecticidal
Echinacea angustifolia, insecticidal
Eriangea affinis, insecticidal
Thuja plicata, insecticidal
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis, insecticidal

Tribolium spp. (1)
Pongamia glabra, synergist

Zabrotes subfasciatus (3)
Azadirachta indica, protect
Gossypium hirsutum, protect
Ocimum americanum, insecticidal

Plant Species by Insect Species (not cited in Prakash and Rao 1997)
Acanthoscelides obtectus (34)
Allium sativum, development
Allium sativum, insecticidal
Allium sativum, oviposition
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Cupressus lusitanica var. benthamii, protect
Cymbopogon nardus, development
Cymbopogon nardus insecticidal
Cymbopogon nardus, oviposition
Laurus nobilis, development
Laurus nobilis, insecticidal
Laurus nobilis, oviposition
Eucalyptus globulus, development
Eucalyptus globulus, insecticidal
Eucalyptus globulus, oviposition
Ocimum canum, insecticidal
Origanum serpyllum, development
Origanum serpyllum, insecticidal
Origanum serpyllum, oviposition
Rosmarinus officinalis, development
Rosmarinus officinalis, insecticidal
Rosmarinus officinalis, oviposition
Satureja hortensis, development
Satureja hortensis, insecticidal
Satureja hortensis, oviposition
Tagetes minuta, protect
Thymus serpyllum, development
Thymus serpyllum, insecticidal
Thymus serpyllum, oviposition
Thymus vulgaris, development
Thymus vulgaris, insecticidal
Thymus vulgaris, oviposition
Tilia cordata sylvestris, development
Tilia cordata sylvestris, insecticidal
Tilia cordata sylvestris, oviposition

Anisopteromalus calandrae (3)
Alpinia conchigera, fumigant
Curcuma zedoaria, fumigant
Zingiber zerumbet, fumigant

Attagenus unicolor japonicus (25)
Acorus calamus, antifeedant
Acorus gramineus, antifeedant
Agastache rugosa, antifeedant
Allium sativum, antifeedant
Angelica dahurica, antifeedant
Aquilaria agallocha, antifeedant
Arthemisia princeps var. orientalis, antifeedant
Capsicum annuum, antifeedant
Chaenomeles sinensis, antifeedant
Cnidium officinale, antifeedant
Dioscorea batatas, antifeedant
Eugenia caryophyllata, antifeedant
Foeniculum vulgare, antifeedant
Gleditsia horrida, antifeedant
Glycyrrhiza glabra, antifeedant
Illicium verum, antifeedant
Inula helenium, antifeedant
Kaempferia galanga, antifeedant
Lysimachia davurica, antifeedant
Nardostachys chinensis, antifeedant
Paeonia suffruticosa, antifeedant
Rheum coreanum, antifeedant
Schizonepeta tenuifolia, antifeedant
Stemona japonica, antifeedant
Zanthoxylum piperitum, antifeedant

Callosobruchus chinensis (27)
Acorus gramineus, Insecticidal
Anethum graveolens, insecticidal
Chamaecyparis obtusa, insecticidal
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Cinnamomum camphora, protect
Cinnamomum cassia, insecticidal
Cinnamomum sieboldii, insecticidal
Citrus aurantifolia, protect
Citrus limon, protect
Citrus sinensis, protect
Cocholeria aroracia, insecticidal
Cocos nucifera, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, protect
Cymbopogon, citratus protect
Derris inudata, protect
Eichhornia crassipes, attractant
Eichhornia crassipes, insecticidal
Illicium verum, insecticidal
Jatropha curcas, repellent
Lantana camara, antifeedant
Lantana camara, insecticidal
Monodora myristica, protect
Opuntia burrageana, protect
Terminalia catappa, antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, protect
Zingiber spectabile, protect
Zingiber zerumbet, protect

Callosobruchus maculatus (56)
Adhatoda vasica, antifeedant
Alstonia boonei, insecticidal
Alstonia boonei, reproduction
Azadirachta indica, attractive
Blumea aurita, repellent
Boscia senegalensis, protect
Carum copticum, fumigant
Cassia occidentalis, larvicidal
Cassia occidentalis, ovicidal
Cassia sophera, antifeedant
Cassia sophera, protect
Chamaecrista nigricans, attractive
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Cinnamomum camphora, protect
Cinnamomum cassia, antifeedant
Citrus aurantifolia, protect
Citrus limon, protect
Citrus sinensis, protect
Clausena anisata, repellent
Cymbopogon citratus, protect
Datura stramonium, insecticidal
Derris inudata, protect
Dracaena arborea, repellent
Embelia ribes, antifeedant
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, fumigant
Eucalyptus citriodora, fumigant
Eucalyptus citriodora, insecticidal
Eucalyptus citriodora, repellent
Eucalyptus intertexta, fumigant
Eucalyptus sargentii, fumigant
Eucalyptus staigeriana, fumigant
Eucalyptus staigeriana, insecticidal
Eucalyptus staigeriana, repellent
Hyptis suaveolens, attractive
Jatropha curcas, repellent
Lavandula angustifolia, fumigant
Luetzelburgia auriculata, insecticidal
Momordica charantia, repellent
Monodora myristica, protect
Moringa oleifera, insecticidal
Nicotiana tabacum, oviposition
Opuntia burrageana, protect
Parthenium hysterophorus, antifeedant
Phaseolus vulgaris, antifeedant
Satureja hortensis, fumigant
Securidaca longepedunculata, antifeedant
Securidaca longepedunculata, oviposition
Simmondasia chinensis, repellent
Tanacetum polycephalum, fumigant
Tephrosia vogelii, oviposition
Tephrosia vogelii, repellent
Tridax procumbens, antifeedant
Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, danage
Zataria multiflora, fumigant
Zhumeria majdae, fumigant
Zingiber spectabile, protect
Zingiber zerumbet, protect

Callosobruchus phaseoli (2)
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Acorus calamus, oviposition

Callosobruchus rhodesianus (10)
Cinnamomum camphora, protect
Citrus aurantifolia, protect
Citrus limon, protect
Citrus sinensis, protect
Cymbopogon citratus, protect
Derris inudata, protect
Monodora myristica, protect
Opuntia burrageana, protect
Zingiber spectabile, protect
Zingiber zerumbet, protect

Caryedon serratus (1)
Boscia senegalensis, insecticidal

Cryptolestes ferrugineus (2)
Pisum sativum, antifeedant
Melia toosendan, insecticidal

Dermestes maculatus (1)
Dennettia tripetala, repellent

Ectomyelois ceratoniae (1)
Pistacia lentiscus, insecticidal

Ephestia kuehniella (6)
Cuminum cyminum, ovicidal
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, ovicidal
Origanum syriacum var. bevanii, ovicidal
Pimpinella anisum, ovicidal
Pistacia lentiscus, insecticidal
Rosmarinus officinalis, ovicidal

Lasioderma serricorne (3)
Cinnamomum cassia, antifeedant
Lavandula stoechas, fumigant
Pistacia lentiscus, fumigant

Liposcelis entomophila (1)
Armoracia rusticana, fumigant

Liposcelis paeta (3)
Ailanthus altissima, fumigant
Atractylodes lancea, fumigant
Elsholtzia stauntonii, fumigant

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (8)
Acorus calamus, antifeedant
Ailanthus altissima, fumigant
Atractylodes lancea, fumigant
Carum copticum, fumigant
Cleistanthus collinus, antifeedant
Elsholtzia stauntonii, fumigant
Pongamia pinnata, antifeedant
Simmondasia chinensis, repellent

Plodia interpunctella (1)
Armoracia rusticana, fumigant

Prostephanus truncatus (21)
Acorus calamus, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, protect
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Chromolaena odorara, protect
Chromolaena odorata, antifeedant
Cissampelopsis owariensis, antifeedant
Cissampelos owariensis, protect
Clausena anisata, protect
Datum metel, protect
Datura stramonium, antifeedant
Eryfhrophleum suaveolens, protect
Erythrophleum suaveolens, antifeedant
Hyptis spicigera, protect
Hyptis spicigera, antifeedant
Plectranthus glandulosus, protect
Ricinus communis, protect
Sida acuta, antifeedant
Side acuta, protect
Solanum nigrum, antifeedant
Solanum nigrum, protect

Rhyzopertha dominica (21)
Acorus calamus, antifeedant
Armoracia rusticana, fumigant
Arthemisia absinthium, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Calotropis procera, antifeedant
Carum copticum, fumigant
Chenopodium ambrosioides, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, protect
Curcuma longa, antifeedant
Laurus nobilis, fumigant
Lavandula angustifolia, fumigant
Lavandula stoechas, fumigant
Ocimum canum, insecticidal
Pisum sativum, antifeedant
Rosmarinus officinalis, fumigant
Salvia officinalis antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, protect
Thymus vulgaris, fumigant
Venidium hirsutum, antifeedant

Sitophilus granarius (11)
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Arthemisia absinthium, antifeedant
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Entandrophragma candollei, antifeedant
Entandrophragma caudatum, antifeedant
Hypnum cupressiforme, insecticidal
Khaya anthoteca, antifeedant
Matricaria chamomilla, antifeedant
Picris echioides, antifeedant
Rhaponticum pulchrum, antifeedant
Sambucus nigra, antifeedant

Sitophilus oryzae (72)
Acorus calamus, insecticidal
Acorus gramineus, insecticidal
Ailanthus altissima, fumigant
Artemisia tridentata, antifeedant
Asiasarum sieboldi, fumigant
Atractylodes lancea, fumigant
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, protect
Balsamorhiza sagittata, antifeedant
Capparis decidua, oviposition
Cassia sophera, antifeedant
Cassia sophera, protect
Chamaecyparis obtusa, insecticidal
Chromolaena odorara, protect
Chromolaena odorata, antifeedant
Cinnamomum cassia, antifeedant
Cinnamomum cassia, insecticidal
Cinnamomum sieboldii, insecticidal
Cissampelopsis owariensis, antifeedant
Cissampelos owariensis, protect
Citrus limon, antifeedant
Clerodendron fragrans, antifeedant
Clerodendron siphonanthus, antifeedant
Cocholeria aroracia, insecticidal
Cocos nucifera, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, protect
Curcuma longa, antifeedant
Cymbopogon citratus, antifeedant
Cymbopogon nardus, insecticidal
Datum metel, protect
Datura stramonium, antifeedant
Didymocarpus podocarpa, antifeedant
Elsholtzia stauntonii, fumigant
Elyonurus muticus, antifeedant
Eryfhrophfeum suaveolens, protect
Erythrophleum suaveolens, antifeedant
Eucalyptus blakelyi, fumigant
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, fumigant
Eucalyptus intertexta, fumigant
Eucalyptus sargentii, fumigant
Geranium viscosissimum, antifeedant
Hyptis spicigera, protect
Hyptis spicigera, antifeedant
Illicium verum, insecticidal
Junellia aspera, antifeedant
Junellia aspera, insecticidal
Laurus nobilis, fumigant
Lavandula angustifolia, fumigant
Melaleuca fulgens, fumigant
Melia toosendan, insecticidal
Monarda fistulosa, antifeedant
Ocimum basilicum, antifeedant
Ocimum canum, insecticidal
Ocimum viride, antifeedant
Ocimum viride, protect
Pisum sativum, antifeedant
Ricinus communis, protect
Rosmarinus officinalis, fumigant
Schunus molle, antifeedant
Sida acuta, antifeedant
Side acuta, protect
Solanum nigrum, antifeedant
Solanum nigrum, protect
Sorgum bicolor, antifeedant
Tephrosia candida, antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, protect
Theobroma cacao, antifeedant
Thymus vulgaris, fumigant
Vitex negundo, fumigant
Zanthoxylum planispinum, antifeedant
Zingiber officinale, insecticidal

Sitophilus zeamais (55)
Ageratum conyzoides, insecticidal
Alpinia conchigera, antifeedant
Alpinia conchigera, fumigant
Alpinia conchigera, insecticidal
Alpinia galanga, antifeedant
Annona mucosa, insecticidal
Annona muricata, insecticidal
Armoracia rusticana, fumigant
Arthemisia argyi, antifeedant
Basella alba, development
Brucea javanica, antifeedant
Calotropis gigantea, development
Cananga odorata, repellent
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Chromolaena odorata, insecticidal
Clausena anisata, protect
Clematis armandii, antifeedant
Curcuma zedoaria, antifeedant
Curcuma zedoaria, fumigant
Curcuma zedoaria, insecticidal
Dictamnus dasycarpus, antifeedant
Dioscorea hypoglauca, antifeedant
Dryopteris crassirhizoma, antifeedant
Elletaria cardamonum, antifeedant
Evodia rutaecarpa, antifeedant
Evodia rutaecarpa, insecticidal
Evodia rutaecarpa, repellent
Lantana camara, insecticidal
Lippia alba, repellent
Lippia origanoides, repellent
Litsea cubeba, antifeedant
Melia toosendan, antifeedant
Momordica charantia, antifeedant
Myristica fragrans, antifeedant
Narcissus tazetta, antifeedant
Operculina turpethum, development
Pimpinella anisum, antifeedant
Plectranthus glandulosus, protect
Polygonum aviculare, antifeedant
Punica granatum, antifeedant
Quasia africana, antifeedant
Quisqualis indica, antifeedant
Rhododendron molle, antifeedant
Ricinus communis, antifeedant
Scutellaria baicalensis, antifeedant
Securidaca longepedunculata, antifeedant
Sophora flavescens, antifeedant
Steganotaenia araliacea, protect
Stemona sessifolia, antifeedant
Tagetes lucida, repellent
Tagetes terniflora, antifeedant
Torreya grandis, antifeedant
Tripterygium wilfordii, antifeedant
Xylopia aethiopica, protect
Zingiber zerumbet, antifeedant
Zingiber zerumbet, fumigant
Zingiber zerumbet, insecticidal

Sitotroga cerealella (1)
Cinnamomum camphora, fumigant

Tribolium anaphe (1)
Lathyrus sativus, antifeedant

Tribolium castaneum (96)
Alpinia conchigera, antifeedant
Alpinia conchigera, fumigant
Alpinia conchigera, insecticidal
Alpinia galang, antifeedant
Aphanamixis polystachya, antifeedant
Armoracia rustican,a fumigant
Artemisia sieberi, fumigant
Artemisia vulgaris, repellent
Artemisia vulgaris, fumigant
Arthemisia argyi, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Bobgunnia madagascariensis, antifeedant
Brucea javanica, antifeedant
Bunium persicum, fumigant
Carum copticum, antifeedant
Carum copticum, repellent
Chromolaena odorata, antifeedant
Cinnamomum cassia, antifeedant
Citrus limon, antifeedant
Clematis armandii, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, antifeedant
Cocos nucifera, protect
Coriandrum sativum, fumigant
Coriandrum sativum, repellent
Curcuma longa, antifeedant
Curcuma zeodaria, antifeedant
Curcuma zedoaria, fumigant
Curcuma zedoaria, insecticidal
Cymbopogon citratus, antifeedant
Cymbopogon flexuosus, insecticidal
Cymbopogon flexuosus, repellent
Cymbopogon martinii, insecticidal
Cymbopogon martinii, repellent
Cynodon dactylon, insecticidal
Datura stramonium, insecticidal
Dictamnus dasycarpus, antifeedant
Dioscorea hypoglauca, antifeedant
Dryopteris crassirhizoma, antifeedant
Elettaria cardamomum, fumigant
Elletaria cardamonum, antifeedant
Elyonurus muticus, antifeedant
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, fumigant
Eucalyptus intertexta, fumigant
Eucalyptus sargentii, fumigant
Evodia rutaecarpa, antifeedant
Evodia rutaecarpa, Insecticidal
Evodia rutaecarpa, repellant
Hypericum ascyron, antifeedant
Laurus nobilis, fumigant
Lavandula angustifolia, fumigant
Lippia origanoides, insecticidal
Lippia origanoides, repellent
Litsea cubeba, antifeedant
Melaleuca quinquenervia, antifeedant
Melia toosendan, antifeedant
Melia toosendan, insecticidal
Momordica charantia, antifeedant
Myristica fragrans, antifeedant
Narcissus tazetta, antifeedant
Nicotiana tabacum, antifeedant
Nigella sativa, insecticidal
Ocimum basilicum, antifeedant
Ocimum viride, antifeedant
Peganum harmala, development
Picris echioides, antifeedant
Pimpinella anisum, antifeedant
Pistacia lentiscus, fumigant
Pisum sativum, antifeedant
Polygonum aviculare, antifeedant
Punica granatum, antifeedant
Quasia africana, antifeedant
Quisqualis indica, antifeedant
Rhaponticum pulchrum, antifeedant
Rhododendron molle, antifeedant
Ricinus communis, antifeedant
Rosmarinus officinalis, fumigant
Sapindus saponaria, antifeedant
Scutellaria baicalensis, antifeedant
Sophora flavescens, antifeedant
Stemona sessifolia, antifeedant
Tagetes terniflora, antifeedant
Tanacetum polycephalum, fumigant
Terminalia catappa, antifeedant
Terminalia catappa, protect
Theobroma cacao, antifeedant
Thymus vulgaris, fumigant
Torreya grandis, antifeedant
Trachyspermum ammi, insecticidal
Tripterygium wilfordii, antifeedant
Vitex negundo, antifeedant
Vitex negundo, fumigant
Vitex negundo, insecticidal
Vitex negundo, repellent
Zingiber zerumbet, antifeedant
Zingiber zerumbet, fumigant
Zingiber zerumbet, insecticidal

Tribolium confusum (41)
Acorus calamus, antifeedant
Alpinia conchigera, fumigant
Carum copticum, fumigant
Centaurea dichroantha, antifeedant
Centaurea alba, antifeedant
Centaurea banatica, antifeedant
Centaurea calestropa, antifeedant
Centaurea carniolica, antifeedant
Centaurea ceratophylla, antifeedant
Centaurea maelithensis, antifeedant
Centaurea micranthos, antifeedant
Centaurea nemoralis, antifeedant
Centaurea nicaensis, antifeedant
Centaurea paniculata, antifeedant
Centaurea pannonica, antifeedant
Centaurea polyacantha, antifeedant
Centaurea pratensis, antifeedant
Centaurea pseudophrigia, antifeedant
Centaurea pullata, antifeedant
Centaurea salicifolia, antifeedant
Centaurea scabiosa, antifeedant
Centaurea seridis, antifeedant
Chrysanthemum balsamita, antifeedant
Chrysanthemum coronarium, antifeedant
Chrysanthemum fuscatum, antifeedant
Chrysanthemum grandiflorum, antifeedant
Cleistanthus collinus, antifeedant
Cuminum cyminum, ovicidal
Curcuma zedoaria, fumigant
Cymbopogon nardus, insecticidal
Echiochilon fruticosum, antifeedant
Entandrophragma candollei, antifeedant
Entandrophragma caudatum, antifeedant
Eucalyptus camaldulensis, ovicidal
Grosshaimia macrocephala, antifeedant
Jurinea alata, antifeedant
Khaya anthoteca, antifeedant
Nerium oleander, antifeedant
Origanum syriacum var. bevanii, ovicidal
Pimpinella anisum, ovicidal
Pongamia glabra, antifeedant
Pongamia pinnata, antifeedant

Trichogramma deion (3)
Rosmarinus officinalis, ovicidal
Zingiber officinale, insecticidal
Zingiber zerumbet, fumigant

Trogoderma granarium (12)
Allium sativum, antifeedant
Azadirachta indica, antifeedant
Citrus limon, antifeedant
Entandrophragma candollei, antifeedant
Entandrophragma caudatum, antifeedant
Khaya anthoteca, antifeedant
Khaya senegalensis, protect
Mentha spicata, antifeedant
Picris echioides, antifeedant
Putranjiva roxburghii, repellent
Rhaponticum pulchrum, antifeedant
Venidium hirsutum, antifeedant

Zabrotes subfasciatus (8)
Artemisia tridentata, antifeedant
Balsamorhiza sagittata, antifeedant
Chenopodium ambrosioides, protect
Cupressus lusitanica var. benthamii, protect
Geranium viscosissimum, antifeedant
Monarda fistulosa, antifeedant
Ocimum canum, insecticidal
Tagetes minuta, protect

References for Botanicals Activity (not cited in Prakash and Rao 1997)
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Abbasipour, H., M. Mahmoudvand, F. Rastegar, and M. H. Hosseinpour. 2011. Bioactivities of jimsonweed extract, Datura stramonium L. (Solanaceae), against Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 35:623-629.

Abbasipour, H., F. Rastegar, M. Mahmoudvand, and M. H. Hosseinpour. 2011. Insecticidal activity of extract from Datura stramonium (F.) (Solanaceae) against Callosobruchus maculatus. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 69:251-256.

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Lue, J., and Y. He. 2010. Fumigant toxicity of Ailanthus altissima Swingle, Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. and Elsholtzia stauntonii Benth extracts on three major stored-grain insects. Industrial Crops and Products 32:681-683.

Malik, M., and S. H. Mujtaba-Naqvi. 1984. Screening of some Indigenous Plants as Repellents or Antifeedants for Stored Grain Insects. J. Stored Prod. Res. 20: 41-44. (Chenopodium ambrosioides, Skimmia laureola, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Valeriana wallichii)

Moravvej, G., M. Azizi, S. Hatefi, and Z. Golestani. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of Lavandula angustifolia Mill and Zataria multiflora Bioss. on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). IOBC/wprs Bulletin 69:276.

Moravvej, G., M. Azizi-Arani, F. Yaghmai, and Z. Of-Shahraki. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. and Bunium persicum (Boiss.) Fedtsch. oils against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). IOBC/wprs Bulletin 69:248.

Musa, A. K., and M. C. Dike. 2011. The use of seed powder of Khaya senegalensis Desr. for the management of Trogoderma granarium in stored groundnut. Afr. Entomol. 19:738-740.

Napoleão, T. H., B. d. R. Belmonte, E. V. Pontual, L. P. de Albuquerque, R. A. Sá, L. M. Paiva, L. C. Breitenbach Barroso Coelho, and P. M. G. Paiva. 2013. Deleterious effects of Myracrodruon urundeuva leaf extract and lectin on the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 54:26-33.

Nawrot, J.; Bloszyk, E.; Grabarczyk, H.; Drozdz, B. 1982a. Deterrent properties of sesquiterpene lactones for the selected storage pests. Prace Naukowe IOR 24: 27-36.

Nawrot, J. and J. Harmatha. 1994. Natural products as antifeedants against stored product insects. Postharvest News and Information 5: 17-21.

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Negahban, M., and S. Moharramipour. 2007. Fumigant toxicity of Eucalyptus intertexta, Eucalyptus sargentii and Eucalyptus camaldulensis against stored-product beetles. J. Appl. Entomol. 131:256-261.

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Niber, B. 1994. The Ability of Powders and Slurries from 10 Plant-Species to Protect Stored Grain from Attack by Prostephanus truncatus Horn (Coleoptera, Bostrichidae) and Sitophilus oryzae L (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 30:297-301. (Azadirachta indica, Chromolaena odorara, Cissampelos owariensis, Datura metel, Darura stramonium, Erythrophleum suaveolens, Hyptis spicigera, Ricinus communis, Side acuta, Solanum nigrum)

Nikooei, M., S. Moharramipour, and A. A. Talebi. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Zhumeria majdae against Callosobruchus maculatus. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 69:277-280.

Nukenine, E. N., C. Adler, and C. Reichmuth. 2007. Efficacy of Plectranthus glandulosus and Steganotaenia araliacea leaf powders from Cameroon as post-harvest grain protectants against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). IOBC/wprs Bulletin 30:259-271.

Nukenine, E. N., C. Adler, and C. Reichmuth. 2010. Efficacy of Clausena anisata and Plectranthus glandulosus leaf powder against Prostephanus truncatus (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) and two strains of Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on maize. Journal of Pest Science 83:181-190.

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Paneru, R., G. le Patourel, and S. Kennedy. 1997. Toxicity of Acorus calamus rhizome powder from Eastern Nepal to Sitophilus granarius (L.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Crop Protection 16:759-763.

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Rajapakse, R., and H. VanEmden. 1997. Potential of four vegetable oils and ten botanical powders for reducing infestation of cowpeas by Callosobruchus maculatus, C. chinensis and C. rhodesianus. J. Stored Prod. Res. 33:59-68. . (Cinnamomum camphora, Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus limon, Citrus sinensis, Cymbopogon citratus, Derris inudata, Monodora myristica, Opuntia burrageana, Zingiber spectabile, Zingiber zerumbet)

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Rani, P. U., T. Venkateshwaramma, and P. Devanand. 2011. Bioactivities of Cocos nucifera L. (Arecales: Arecaceae) and Terminalia catappa L. (Myrtales: Combretaceae) leaf extracts as post-harvest grain protectants against four major stored product pests. Journal of Pest Science 84:235-247.

Rao, J., A. Prakash, and V. Nandagopal. 2008. Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora): an effective botanical fumigant against Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella Oliv. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches 19:74-76.

Regnault-Roger, C., and A. Hamraoui. 1993. Efficiency of Plants from the South of France used as Traditional Protectants of Phaseolus vulgaris L Against its Bruchid Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say). J. Stored Prod. Res. 29:259-264. (Allium sativum, Cymbopogon nardus, Eucalyptus globulus, Origanum serpyllum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Satureja hortensis, Taurus nobilis, Thymus serpylium, Thymus vulgaris, Tilia cordata sylvestris)

Ribeiro, L. d. P., J. D. Vendramim, K. U. Bicalho, M. d. S. Andrade, J. B. Fernandes, R. d. A. Moral, and C. G. B. Demétrio. 2013. Annona mucosa Jacq. (Annonaceae): A promising source of bioactive compounds against Sitophilus zeamais Mots. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 55:6-14.

Rozman, V., I. Kalinovic, and Z. Korunic. 2007. Toxicity of naturally occurring compounds of Lamiaceae and Lauraceae to three stored-product insects. J. Stored Prod. Res. 43:349-355. (Laurus nobilis, Lavandula angustifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Thymus vulgaris)

Sabbour, M. M. and Abd-El-Raheem, M. A. 2013. Repellent Effects of Jatropha curcas, canola and Jojoba Seed oil, against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(8): 4678-4682.

Sahaf, B. Z., S. Moharramipour, M. H. Meshkatalsadat, and E. Filekesh. 2008. Repellent activity and persistance of the essential oils from Carum copticum and Vitex pseudo-negundo on Tribolium castaneum. IOBC/wprs Bulletin 40:205-210.

Sahaf, B. Z., and S. Moharramipour. 2009. Comparative study on deterrency of Carum copticum CB Clarke and Vitex pseudo-negundo (Hausskn.) Hand.-Mzt. essential oils on feeding behavior of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 24:385-395.

Sahaf, B. Z., S. Moharramipour, and M. H. Meshkatalsadat. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Vitex pseudo-negundo against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 11:175-179.

Sahaf, B. Z., and S. Moharramipour. 2008. Fumigant toxicity of Carum copticum and Vitex pseudo-negundo essential oils against eggs, larvae and adults of Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Pest Science 81:213-220.

Saxena, R., O. Dixit, and V. Harshan. 1992. Insecticidal Action of Lantana camara Against Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera, Bruchidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 28:279-281.

Schmidt, G., and M. Streloke. 1994. Effect of Acorus calamus (L) (Araceae) Oil and its Main Compound Beta-Asarone on Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera, Bostrichidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 30:227-235.

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Sharma, Y. 1983. A new indigenous plant antifeedant against Rhyzopertha dominica Fab. Bulletin of Grain Technology 21: 223-225.

Shaurub, E. H., and G. M. A. Gharsa. 2012. Food consumption and utilization by Tribolium confusum du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) larvae and their susceptibility to the acetone extract of Nerium oleander L. (Apocynaceae) leaves in relation to three types of flour. J. Stored Prod. Res. 51:56-60.

Siddig, S. A. 1980. Efficacy and persistence of powdered neem seeds for treatment of stored wheat against Trogoderma granarium. p. 251-257. In H. Schmutterer, K. R. S. Ascher and K. R. S. Rembold ed. Proceedings of the 1st International Neem Conference, Rottach-Egern, FRG.

Soares, E. L., C. D. T. Freitas, J. S. Oliveira, P. A. S. Sousa, M. P. Sales, J. D. M. Barreto-Filho, G. P. Bandeira, and M. V. Ramos. 2007. Characterization and insecticidal properties of globulins and albumins from Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemao) Ducke seeds towards Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera : Bruchidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 43:459-467.

Suthisut, D., P. G. Field, and A. Chandrapatya. 2011. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils from three Thai plants (Zingiberaceae) and their major compounds against Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum and two parasitoids. J. Stored Prod. Res. 47:222-230. (Alpinia conchigera, Curcuma zedoaria, Zingiber zerumbet)

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Tapondjou, L., C. Adler, H. Bouda, and D. Fontem. 2002. Efficacy of powder and essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides leaves as post-harvest grain protectants against six-stored product beetles. J. Stored Prod. Res. 38:395-402.

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Effects of Botanicals on Stored-Product Insects by Plant Family

Acanthaceae
antifeedant 1
damage 1
development 1
insecticidal 3
protect 1
repellent 1

Amaryllidaceae
antifeedant 2
development 2
insecticidal 2
larvicidal 1
oviposition 1
protect 1
repellent 2

Anacardiaceae
antifeedant 1
fumigant 1
Insecticidal 1

Ancistrocladaceae
repellent 1

Annonaceae
insecticidal 3
protect 4
repellent 2

Apiaceae
antifeedant 3
fumigant 1
ovicidal 3

Apocynaceae
antifeedant 1
development 1
insecticide 4
oviposition 1
population 1
protect 1
reproduction 1

Araceae
antifeedant 2
development 2
Insecticidal 2
protect 1
repellent 1
reproduction 1

Aristolochiaceae
fumigant 1
protect 1

Asclepiadaceae
antifeedant 2
development 1
insecticidal 2
protect 1
repellent 1

Aspidiaceae
antifeedant 1

Asteraceae
antifeedant 40
damage 1
fumigant 4
insecticidal 17
ovicidal 1
population 2
protect 6
protect package 1
repellent 6
reproduction 1

Basellaceae
development 1

Begoniaceae
population 1

Brassicaceae
development 1
fumigant 1
insecticidal 2
protect 3
repellent 2
reproduction 1

Caesalpiniaceae
antifeedant 4
attractive 1
insecticidal 2
larvicidal 1
ovicidal 1
oviposition 1
population 1
protect 3
repellent 1

Cannaceae
insecticidal 1

Capparaceae
insecticidal 1
protect 1

Capparidaceae
oviposition 1

Caprifoliaceae
antifeedant 1

Celastraceae
antifeedant 3
development 2

Chenopodiaceae
insecticidal 1
population 1
protect 1

Clusiaceae
insecticidal 1
protect 1
repellent 2

Combretaceae
antifeedant 2
protect 1

Convolvulaceae
development 1
insecticidal 2
protect 1
repellent 1
reproduction 1

Cucurbitaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 2
protect 1
repellent 1

Cuppressaceae
protect 1
development 1
insecticidal 2
protect 1

Dioscoreaceae
antifeedant 2

Dipteraceae
protect 1

Dipterocarpaceae
insecticidal 1

Ericaceae
antifeedant 1

Euphorbiaceae
antifeedant 2
insecticidal 3
larvicidal 1
oviposition 1
population 1
protect 2
repellent 3
reproduction 1

Fabaceae
antifeedant 9
fumigant 1
insecticidal 10
oviposition 1
population 1
protect 5
repellent 2
synergist 2

Geraniaceae
antifeedant 1

Gesneriaceae
antifeedant 2

Gingeberaceae
damage 1

Gramineae
insecticidal 2

Guttiferae
antifeedant 1
synergist 1

Illiciaceae
antifeedant 1
Insecticidal 1

Labiaceae
development 1
fumigant 1

Lamiaceae
antifeedant 10
attractive 1
development 6
fumigant 9
insecticidal 12
ovicidal 2
oviposition 5
protect 6
repellent 3

Lauraceae
antifeedant 2
fumigant 2
insecticidal 3
protect 1
repellent 1

Leguminosae
antifeedant 3
insecticidal 2
population 1
protect 3
repellent 1

Liliaceae
repellent 2
synergist 1

Malvaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 3
protect 2

Meliaceae
antifeedant 9
attractive 1
deter oviposition 1
development 1
insecticidal 3
oviposition 1
protect 5
repellent 3
reproduction 1
insecticidal 1
protect 1

Mimosaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 1
protect 1

Moraceae
protect 1

Moringaceae
insecticidal 1

Myrsinaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 1

Myrtaceae
development 1
fumigant 6
insecticidal 4
ovicidal 1
oviposition 1
repellent 2

Nyctaginaceae
insecticidal 1

Oleaceae
insecticidal 1

Palmaceae
antifeedant 1
development 1
insecticidal 2
protect 1
repellent 1

Papaveraceae
protect 1
repellent 1

Pedaliaceae
synergist 1

Piperaceae
development 1
insecticidal 2
protect 2
repellent 1

Poaceae
antifeedant 5
development 4
insecticidal 8
oviposition 2
protect 1
repellent 4
reproduction 1
terminate diapause 1

Polygalaceae
antifeedant 1
oviposition 1

Polygonaceae
antifeedant 2
repellent 1

Pontederiaceae
attractant 1
insecticidal 1

Portulacaceae
insecticidal 1

Primulaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 1

Punicaceae
antifeedant 1

Ranunculaceae
antifeedant 1
insecticidal 1
repellent 1

Rosaceae
antifeedant 1

Rubiaceae
insecticidal 1
population 1
protect 1
repellent 1

Rutaceae
antifeedant 8
insecticidal 6
population 2
protect 7
reproduction 6

Sapindaceae
antifeedant 2
insecticidal 1
protect 1
synergist 1

Sapotaceae
insecticidal 2
ovipositon 1
protect 1
repellent 1

Simaroubaceae
antifeedant 2
fumigant 1
repellent 1

Solanaceae
antifeedant 4
insecticidal 3
oviposition 1
protect 6
repellent 3

Stemonaceae
antifeedant 2

Sterculiaceae
antifeedant 1

Taccaceae
insecticidal 1
protect 1

Taxaceae
antifeedant 1

Thymelaeaceae
antifeedant 1

Umbelliferae
antifeedant 5
development 1
fumigant 2
insecticidal 4
ovicidal 1
protect 1
repellent 3

Valerianaceae
antifeedant 6
deter oviposition 1
development 2
fumigant 1
insecticidal 6
population 1
protect 1
repellent 5

Zingiberaceae
antifeedant 7
fumigant 4
insecticidal 8
protect 4
repellent 1

Zygophyllaceae
development 1

Active Chemicals Sorted by Plant Species
(Plant Family, Plant Species from which extracted,
Active Chemical, Effects on Insect Species, Source Reference,
Stored-Product Insect Species Effected)

Asteraceae, Achillea ageratum,
ageratriol (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
talatisamine alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
chasmanine (alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
crassicauline A (alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
karakoline (alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
sachaconitine (alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Ranunculaceae, Aconitum episcopale,
yunaconitine (alkaloid), antifeedant, Liu et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Araceae, Acorus calamus,
a-asarone (phenylpropanoid), antifeedant,
Popławski et al.00, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Araceae, Acorus calamus,
beta-asarone (phenylpropanoid), antifeedant,
Popławski et al.00, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Araceae, Acorus calamus,
beta-asarone (phenylpropanoid), antifeedant,
Schmidt-Streloke94, Prostephanus truncatus

Asteraceae, Adenostyles alliariae,
deacyladenostylone (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Adenostyles alliariae,
neoadenostylone (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium

Acanthaceae, Adhatoda vasica,
vasicine (alkaloid), antifeedant, Saxena et al.86,
Tribolium castaneum

Acanthaceae, Adhatoda vasica,
deoxyvasicine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Saxena et al.86, Tribolium castaneum

Acanthaceae, Adhatoda vasica,
deoxyvasicinone (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Saxena et al.86, Tribolium castaneum

Acanthaceae, Adhatoda vasica,
vasicinol (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Saxena et al.86, Tribolium castaneum

Acanthaceae, Adhatoda vasica,
vasicinone (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Saxena et al.86, Tribolium castaneum

Zingiberaceae, Aframomum melegueta,
paradol, insecticidal, Lale95, Sitophilus zeamais

Amaryllidaceae, Allium sativum,
allyl disulfide (organosulfur compound),
antifeedant, Chiam et al.99, Sitophilus zeamais,
Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Anacyclus pyrethrum,
anacyclin (unsaturated isobutylamide), insecticidal, Crombie55, Tenebrio molitor

Asteraceae, Anacyclus pyrethrum,
pellitorine (unsaturated isobutylamide), insecticidal, Crombie55, Tenebrio molitor

Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, Anethum graveolus,
carvone (unsaturated isobutylamide), repellent, Su-Horvat88, Tribolium castaneum

Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, Anethum graveolus,
dill-apiol, antifeedant, Su-Horvat88, Tribolium castaneum

Umbelliferae, Angelica sylvestris,
imperatorin (furocoumarin), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Angelica sylvestris,
bisaboloangelone (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.84,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Angelica sylvestris,
coumarin (benzopyrone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Anthemis nobilis,
nobilin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Harmatha et al.91,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Arachis hypogaea,
arachidonic acid, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae

Asteraceae, Arctotis grandis,
arctolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86a,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Arctotis grandis,
3-hydroxy-grandiolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Arctotis grandis,
3-oxo-grandiolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Brassicaceae, Armoracia rusticana,
allyl isothiocyanate, fumigant, Wu et al.09,
Liposcelis entomophila, Rhyzopertha dominica,
Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Arthermisia annua,
1,8-cineole (monoterpene), antifeedant, Tripathi et al.01,
Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Artemisia monosperma,
3-methyl-3-phenyl-1,4-pentadiyne, insecticidal,
Dev-Koul97, Sitophilus oryzae

Asteraceae, Artemisia saissanica,
alpha-santonic, repellent, Adekonov et al.90
Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Azadirachta indica, azadirachtin (triterpene),
antifeedant, Harmatha and Nawrot 88, 02, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Meliaceae, Azadirachta indica,
azadirachtin (triterpene), antifeedant, Jacobson et al.84
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium castaneum

Meliaceae, Azadirachta indica,
azadirachtin (triterpene), insecticidal, Lale95
Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae,
Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Baccharis sagitalis,
clerodane 14 derivatives (diterpenes), antifeedant,
Cifuente et al.02, Tenebrio molitor

Asteraceae, Balsamita major,
erivanin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Capparaceae, Boscia senegalensis,
methyl isothiocyanate, insecticidal, Gueye et al.13
Callosobruchus maculatus

Solanaceae, Capsicum spp.,
capsaicin, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Meliaceae, Cedrus deodara,
beta-himachalene, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Callosobruchus analis

Meliaceae, Cedrus deodara,
himachalol, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Callosobruchus analis

Meliaceae, Cedrela odorata,
gedunin (triterpene), antifeedant, Omar et al.07,
Sitophilus oryzae

Celastraceae, Celastrus angulata,
evanine (sesquiterpene esters) antifeedant, Chiu89, Zhang-Zhao83
Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais

Celastraceae, Celastrus angulata,
maytansine (sesquiterpene esters), antifeedant, Chiu89, Zhang-Zhao83
Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais

Celastraceae, Celastrus angulata,
maytoline (sesquiterpene esters), antifeedant, Chiu89, Zhang-Zhao83
Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais

Celastraceae, Celastrus angulata,
triptolide (sesquiterpene esters), antifeedant, Chiu89, Zhang-Zhao83
Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais

Celastraceae, Celastrus angulatus,
sesquiterpene alkaloids, antifeedant, Liu et al.90
Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Centaurea bella,
acroptilin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86a,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Centaurea diffusa,
cnicin, antifeedant, Koul05, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Centaurea salonitana,
salonitenolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.82,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Cephalophora aromatica,
geigerinin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Błoszyk et al.89,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Rhizophoraceae, Ceriops tagal,
tagalsin A (diterpenoid), antifeedant, Du et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Rhizophoraceae, Ceriops tagal,
tagalsin B (diterpenoid), antifeedant, Du et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Rhizophoraceae, Ceriops tagal,
tagalsin H (diterpenoid), antifeedant, Du et al.11,
Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Chrysanthemum macrophyllum,
canin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.82,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Chrysanthemum macrophyllum,
artecanin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.82,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Cinnamomum aromaticum,
cinnamaldehyde (phenylpropanoid), antifeedant, insecticidal, fumigant,
Huang-Ho98, Tribolium castaneum, Sitophilus zeamais

Cucurbitaceae, Citrullus colocynthis,
colocynthin, insecticidal, Lale95, Callosobruchus chinensis

Cucurbitaceae, Citrullus colocynthis,
cucurbitacin B (steroid), antifeedant, Tallamy et al.97,
Tenebrio molitor

Rutaceae, Citrus aurantifolia,
4-[3,7-(dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)oxy]-7-H furo [3,2-g] [1] benzopyran-7-one
(limonoid), insecticidal, Su-Horvat88, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae,Citrus aurantifolia,
5,7-dimethoxy-2-h-1-benopyran-2-one (limonoid), insecticidal, Su-Horvat88
Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae, Citrus aurantifolia,
5-[3,7-(dimethyl-2,6–octadienly)oxy]-7-methoxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one
(limonoid),  insecticidal, Su-Horvat88, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae, Citrus aurantifolia,
9-[3,7(dimethyl-2-6-octadienly) oxy]-7-H-furo[3.2-g] [1] benzopyran-7-one (limonoid), insecticidal, Su-Horvat88, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae, Citrus spp.,
d-limonene, insecticidal, Lale95, Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus oryzae

Verbenaceae, Clerodendrum siphonenthus,
uncinatone, pectolinarigenin, antifeedant, Pal et al.89, Sitophilus oryzae

Menispermaceae, Cocculus trilobus,
cocculolidine, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
karakin (glucose nitropropionate), antifeedant, Harmatha et al.92,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
coronarian (glucose nitropropionate), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
3-ntropropionic acid (nitroalkane), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92,Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
corollin (glucose nitropropionate), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
coronillin (glucose nitropropionate), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
daphnoretin (coumarin), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, 92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
degluco-hyrcanoside (cardenolide), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
hyrcanoside (cardenolide), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
scopoletin (coumarin), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Coronilla varia,
umbelliferone (coumarine), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.92, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Euphorbaiceae, Croton linearis,
7(s)-hydroxy-9-geranylcarvo-tanacetone, insecticidal,
Dev-Koul97, Cylas formicarius elegantulus

Cupressaceae, Cupressus sempervirens,
cymol, insecticidal, repellent,
Tapondjou et al.05, Sitophilus zeamais

Zingiberaceae, Curcuma longa,
ar-turmerone (phenyl-lepyen derivative), repellent, Su et al.82,
Tribolium castaneum

Zingiberaceae, Curcuma longa,
Turmerone (curcuminoid), repellent, Su et al.82,
Tribolium castaneum

Poaceae, Cymbopogon nardus,
borneol, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Poaceae, Cymbopogon nardus,
citronellal, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Poaceae, Cymbopogon nardus,
geraniol, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Thymelaeaceae, Daphne odora,
daphnodorous A,B.C (flavonoids), insecticidal,
Inamori et al.87, Callosobruchus chinensis

Solanaceae, Datura gyercifolia,
datura lactone, antifeedant, Koul05,
Tribolium castaneum

Annonaceae, Dennettia tripetala,
beta-phenylnitroethane, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais

Fabaceae, Derris elliptica,
mundoserone (rotenoid), insecticidal, Fukami59,
Negherbon59, Callosobruchus chinensis

Fabaceae, Derris elliptica,
rotenone (isoflavonoid), antifeedant, Nawrot et al.89, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Fabaceae, Derris elliptica,
rotenone (isoflavonoid), insecticidal, Fukami59, Negherbon59,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Fabaceae, Derris elliptica,
tubotoxin (rotenoid), insecticidal, Fukami59, Negherbon59,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Fabaceae, Derris eliptica,
rotenone (isoflavonoid), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Rutaceae, Dictamnus dasycarpus,
dictamnine (limonoid lactone), antifeedant,
Liu et al.02, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum

Rutaceae, Dictamnus dasycarpus,
fraxinellone (limonoid lactone), antifeedant,
Liu et al.02, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Dittrichia viscose,
vachanic acid (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.86, Tribolium castaneum,
Tribolium confusum

Asteraceae, Echinacea angustifolia,
echinacein (isobutylamide), insecticidal, Jacobson71, 74, 89,
Tenebrio molitor

Asteraceae, Echinacea angustifolia,
echinolone (steroid), development, Jacobson89,
Jacobson-Crosby71, Jacobson et al.75,
Tenebrio molitor

Myrsinaceae, Embelia ribes,
embellin, antifeedant,
Chander-Ahmed85, Tribolium castaneum

Meliaceae, Entandrophragma utile,
entilin-D, antifeedant, Koul05, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Myrtaceae, Eucalyptus saligna,
cymol, insecticidal, repellent,
Tapondjou et al.05, Sitophilus zeamais

Myrtaceae, Eugenia aromaticum,
eugenol, population, Hassanali-
Lwande89, Sitophilus zeamais

Fabaceae, Erythrina variegata var. orientalis,
erysopine (alkaloid, antifeedant,
Liu et al. (2012, Sitophilus zeamais

Fabaceae, Erythrina variegata var. orientalis,
erysovine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Liu et al.12, Sitophilus zeamais

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
eupatolide-NEt2 (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
8-deacyl-eucannabinolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
eucannabinolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
eupatolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
eupatolide-OMe (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium cannabinum,
eupatoriopicrin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, 86, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium lantanaefolium,
eulantanaefolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Eupatorium lantanaefolium,
stizolin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Euphorbiaceae, Euphorbia fischeriana,
12-deoxyphorbol (diterpene), antifeedant,
Geng et al.11, Sitophilus zeamais,
Tribolium castaneum

Euphorbiaceae, Euphorbia fischeriana,
17-hydroxyjolkinolide (diterpenoid), antifeedant,
Geng et al.11, Sitophilus zeamais,
Tribolium castaneum

Malvaceae,Gossypium hirsutum,
gossypol (polyphenolic aldehyde), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Malvaceae, Gossypium spp.,
gossypol (polyphenolic aldehyde), insecticidal,
Lale95, Zabrotes subfasciatus

Asteraceae, Grossheimia macrocephala,
grossheimin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Homogyne alpina,
2-angelolybakkenolide A (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Homogyne alpine,
bakkenolide A (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.84a,b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Helenium aromaticum,
helenalin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Bloszyk et al.90, Nawrot et al.82a, 86a,
Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius

Asteraceae, Homogyne alpina,
homogynolide A (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al. (1986b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Homogyne alpina,
homogynolide B (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Helenium aromaticum,
linifolin A (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al. 82a, 86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Helenium aromaticum,
mexicanin I (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Inula helenium,
alantolactone, antifeedant, Jacobson89,
Tribolium confusum

Asteraceae, Inula helenium,
isoalantolactone (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Jacobson89, Streibl et al.83, Sitophilus oryzae,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Inula helenium,
sesquiterpene lactone, antifeedant, Jacobson89,
Tribolium confusum

Asteraceae, Iva xanthifolia,
coronopilin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Verbenaceae, Junellia aspera,
daucosterol (triterpene), antifeedant,
Pungitore et al.05, Sitophilus oryzae

Asteraceae, Jurinea alata,
alatolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius rufus,
isolactarorufin (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius rufus,
lactarorufin A (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius rufus,
lactarorufin B (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius rufus,
lactarorufin D (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius rufus,
lactarorufin E (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
marasmanes, 7 compounds (sesquiterpenes),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.93, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
3-0-ethyl-furandiol (sesquiterpenoid),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
8-epi-9-epi-furandiol (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
8-epi-furandiol (sesquiterpenoid),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
furandiol (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
furanol (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
furantriol (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
isolactaranes, 6 compounds (sesquiterpenes), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.93, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp., 5-deoxy-lactarolide (sesquiterpene),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp., iso-velleral (sesquiterpene),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp., lactaranes, 30 compounds (sesquiterpenes),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.93, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp., lactarolide B (sesquiterpene),
antifeedant, Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
lactarolideA (sesquiterpene), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
velleral (sesquiterpene), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al. 95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Russulaceae, Lactarius sp.,
velutinal (sesquiterpene), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.95, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
3-keto-lansioloc acid (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
isoonoceratriene (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
lansiolic acid (triterpene),
antifeedant, Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
lansiolic acid A (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
onoceradienedione (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Lansium domesticum,
onoceratriene (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Umbelliferae, Laser trilobum,
laserolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laser trilobum,
trilobolide (sesquiterpene esters) antifeedant, Nawrot et al.83,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium castaneum,
Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium archangelica,
archangelolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha-Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae,  Laserpitium archangelica,
triptolide (sesquiterpene esters) antifeedant, Nawrot et al.83,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium castaneum,
Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
acetylisomontanolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
desacetylo arctolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.85, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
gradolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
isomontanolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot 84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
isosilerolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
polhovolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot84, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
tetrahydroacetylo-iso montanolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Umbelliferae, Laserpitium siler,
triptolide (sesquiterpene esters) antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.83, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
alpha-pinine, attractant, Saim-Clifton86,
Tribolium castaneum

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
benzeldehyde, antifeedant, Saim-Clifton86,
Tribolium castaneum

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
geranion, repellent, Saim-Clifton86,
Tribolium castaneum

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
methyl-euginol, antifeedant, Saim-Clifton86,
Tribolium castaneum

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
piperidine, antifeedant, Saim-Clifton86,
Tribolium castaneum

Lauraceae, Laurus nobilis,
terpinen-4-ol, fumigant, Shaaya et al.91,
Rhyzopertha dominica

Asteraceae, Leuzea carthamoides,
carthamoside (lignan), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot02, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Leuzea carthamoides,
tracheloside (lignan), antifeedant,
Harmatha and Nawrot02, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Cupressaceae, Libocedrus yateensis,
yatein (lignan lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha-Nawrot88, 02, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Cupressaceae, Libocedrus yateensis,
yateindiol (lignan), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Hepaticae, Lophocolea heterophylla,
alantolactone (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Hepaticae, Lophocolea heterophylla,
ent-isoalantolactone (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Solanaceae, Lycopersicon esculentum,
2-tridecanone (isoflavonoid), antifeedant, Cooke-Stinson86,
Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae,
Sitophilus zeamais

Fabaceae, Medicago sativa,
lucernic acid (saponin), antifeedant,
Pracros and Corajou88, Tenebrio molitor

Fabaceae, Medicago sativa,
medicagenic acid (saponin), antifeedant,
Pracros and Corajou88, Tenebrio molitor

Fabaceae, Medicago sp.,
saponins, antifeedant, Pracros-Couranjou88,
Tenebrio molitor

Meliaceae, Mela azedarach,
azadirine, insecticidal, Lale95,
Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum

Meliaceae, Mela azedarach,
margosine, insecticidal, Lale95,
Rhyzopertha dominica. Tribolium castaneum

Meliaceae, Melia toosendan,
toosendanin, insecticidal, repellent, reproduction,
Xie et al.95, Cryptolestes ferrugineus,
Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium castaneum

Rutaceae, Melicope subunifoliata,
meliternatin (polyoxygenated flavone), antifeedant,
Ho et al.03, Sitophilus zeamais

Lamiaceae, Mentha ciliate,
linonool, insecticidal, Mishra et al.84,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Lamiaceae, Mentha piperita,
menthol, insecticidal, Mishra et al.84,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Lamiaceae, Mentha spicata,
carvone (unsaturated isobutylamide), insecticidal, Mishra et al.84,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Ranunculaceae, Nigella sativa,
linoleic acid (fatty acid), insecticidal, Despande et al.74,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Ranunculaceae, Nigella sativa,
oleic acid (fatty acid), insecticidal, Despande et al.74,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Lamiaceae, Ocimum canum,
linalool, insecticidal, Weaver et al.91,
Acanthoscelides obtectus, Rhyzopertha dominica,
Sitophilus oryzae, Zabrotes subfasciatus

Lamiaceae, Ocimum gratissimum,
beta-(Z)-ocimene, insecticidal, repellent,
Ogendo et al.2008, Callosobruchus chinensis,
Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Rhyzopertha dominica,
Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium castaneum

Lamiaceae, Ocimum gratissimum,
eugenol, insecticidal, repellent, Ogendo et al.2008,
Callosobruchus chinensis, Oryzaephilus surinamensis,
Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae,
Tribolium castaneum

Lamiaceae, Ocimum suave,
eugenol, repellent, Prakash-Rao97,
Sitophilus zeamais

Asteraceae, Onopordon ancanthium,
onopordopicrin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Zygophyllaceae, Peganum harmala,
beta-carboline alkaloids, insecticidal, development,
Nenaah11, Rhyzopertha dominica, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Parthenium hysterophorus,
parthenin, antifeedant, Stipanovic83,
Tribolium castaneum

Caesalpiniaceae, Peltophorum pterocarpum,
Sitosteryl beta-D-glucopyranoside tetraacetate,
insecticidal, Rani et al.13, Sitophilus oryzae

Asteraceae, Parthenium hysterophorus,
alantolactone (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Stipanovic83, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Petasites albus,
6 b-hydroxy-eremophilanolide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Petasites hybridus,
petasolide (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Petasites hybridus,
2beta-angelolyleremophilanoide (sesquiterpene lactone),
antifeedant, Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Petasites kablikianus,
isopetasin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.84a, b, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Solanaceae, Physalis peruviana,
2,3-dihydrowithanolide-E, antifeedant,
Koul05, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Picris echioides,
8-deoxylactucin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.89, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Picris echioides,
Jacquinelin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.89, Sitophilus granarius,
confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Piperaceae, Piper cubeba,
cubebin (lignan), antifeedant, Harmatha et al.91,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Piperaceae, Piper guineese,
chavicine, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais

Piperaceae, Piper guineese,
piperine, insecticidal, Lale95,
Callosobruchus maculatus, Sitophilus zeamais

Piperaceae, Piper guineese,
piperine, insecticidal, Su77, Su-Sonderigam80,
Sitophilus oryzae

piperaceae, Piper guineese,
Wisanine, insecticidal, Su77, Su-Sonderigam80,
Sitophilus oryzae

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
(E, E)-N-(2-methylpropyl)-2, 4-decadienamide
insecticidal, Su-Robert81, Callosobruchus maculatus

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
(E, E, E)11-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-N-(2-methylpropyl)-
2,4,10-undecatrienamide, insecticidal, Su-Robert81,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
(E, E, E)-13-(1, 3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-N-(2-methyl-propyl)-
2, 4, 12-tridecatrienamide, insecticidal, Su-Robert81,
Callosobruchus maculatus

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
dehydropipericide, insecticidal, Miyakado et al.89,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
pelitorine, insecticidal, Miyakado et al.79,89,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
Piperaceal amide-I, insecticidal, Miyakado et al.79,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
pipercide (amide), insecticidal, Miyakado et al.89,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
piperine, insecticidal, Su77, Miyakado79,89,
Sitophilus oryzae

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum,
quineesine, insecticidal, Miyakado et al.89,
Callosobruchus chinensis

Lamiaceae, Pogostemon heynemus,
eugenol (propanoid), insecticidal, Despande et al.74,
Callosobruchus chinensis, Stegobium pan

Lamiaceae, Pogostemon parviflorus,
benzaldehyde, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Callosobruchus chinensis, Stegobium paniceum,
Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium castaneum

Polygonaceae, Polygonum hydropiper,
polygodial (terpenoid), antifeedant,
Gerard et al.92, Tineola bisseliella

Fabaceae, Pongamia glabra,
karanjin, insecticidal, Lale95,
Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae,
Tribolium castaneum

Fabaceae, Pongamia glabra,
pongamol, insecticidal, Lale95,
Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae,
Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Reichardia tingitana,
14-deoxylactucin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.88, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Reichardia tingitana,
desacetyl matricarin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.88, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Rhaponticum pulchrum,
janerin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Cis et al.06, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Rhaponticum pulchrum,
ringin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Cis et al.06, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Rhaponticum pulchrum,
chlorojanerin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Cis et al.06, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Rhaponticum pulchrum,
cynaropikrin (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Cis et al.06, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Rhaponticum pulchrum,
aguerin B (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Cis et al.06, Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum,
Trogoderma granarium

Rutaceae, Ruptilocarpon caracolito,
spirocaracolitone B (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al. 07, Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae, Ruptilocarpon caracolito,
spirocaracolitone D (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al. 07, Sitophilus oryzae

Rutaceae, Ruptilocarpon caracolito,
spirocaracolitone E (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Flacourtiaceae, Ryania speciosa
9,21 didehydroryanodine, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Tribolium castaneum

Flacourtiaceae, Ryania speciosa,
10-(o-methyl)-8-hydroxy-10-epiryanodine,
insecticidal, Dev-Koul97, Tribolium castaneum

Flacourtiaceae, Ryania speciosa,
10-(o-methyl)-8-dehydroxy-8-hydroxy-10-epiryanodine,
insecticidal, Dev-Koul97, Tribolium castaneum

Asteraceae, Schkuhria schkuhrioides,
schkuhriolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Polygalaceae, Securidaca longepedunculata,
securacaside A (saponin), antifeedant,
Stevenson et al.09, Sitophilus zeamais,
Calosobruchus maculatus

Polygalaceae, Securidaca longepedunculata,
securacaside B (saponin), antifeedant,
Stevenson et al.09, Sitophilus zeamais,
Calosobruchus maculatus

Solanaceae, Solanum khasianum,
tomatine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Weissenberg et al.98, Tribolium castaneum

Solanaceae, Solanum khasianum,
solamargine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Weissenberg et al.98, Tribolium castaneum

Solanaceae, Solanum khasianum,
Solasonine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Weissenberg et al.98, Tribolium castaneum

Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum,
a-chaconine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Gomah11, Trogoderma granarium

Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum,
a-solasonine (alkaloid), antifeedant,
Gomah11, Trogoderma granarium

Solanaceae, Solanum tuberosum,
glycoalkaloids (alkaloids), antifeedant,
Gomah11, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Spilanthes oleraceae,
spilanthol, insecticidal, Dev-Koul97,
Acanthoscelides obtectus

Meliaceae, Swietenia humilis,
humilinolide B (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Swietenia humilis,
humilinolide C (triterpene). antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Meliaceae, Swietenia humilis,
humilinolide D (triterpene), antifeedant,
Omar et al.07, Sitophilus oryzae

Asteraceae, Tanacetum parthenium,
parthenolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91,Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
baccatin 2 derivatives (diterpenes), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.98, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
betuligenol (phenyl alkane), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.98, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
paclitaxel (sesquiterpenoid), antifeedant, Kopczacki et al.01,
Sitophilus granarius, Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
taxacustin (diterpene), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.98, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
taxicin 2 derivatives (diterpenes), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.98, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Taxaceae, Taxus baccata,
taxine A-deaminoacyl (diterpene), antifeedant,
Daniewski et al.98,Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Ursinia anthemoides,
ursiniolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.86a, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Venidium hirsutum,
Hirsutolide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Vernonia acunnae,
glaucolide A (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Harmatha et al.91, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Asteraceae, Xeranthemum cylindraceum,
xerantholide (sesquiterpene lactone), antifeedant,
Nawrot et al.82, Sitophilus granarius,
Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium

Rutaceae, Zanthoxylum clava-herculis,
herculin (unsaturated isobutylamide), insecticidal, Jacobson71,89,
Tenebrio molitor

Rutaceae, Zanthoxylum clava-herculis,
neo-herculin, insecticidal, Jacobson-Cosby71,
Tenebrio molitor

Poaceae, Zea mays,
phenolics, antifeedant, Arnason et al.92,
Prostephanus truncatus, Sitophilus zeamais

References for Active Chemicals Studies

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