The use of solar heating in excess of 50 degrees centigrade to disinfest stored commodities was reviewed by Hansen et al. 2011. Additional references not included in their review are given here. Early papers include Thompson 1915, Rahman 1942 and Reppert and Bentley 1936. An additional 5 papers were published between 1968 and 1977. The majority of the work (50 papers) has been done more recently.
Aspects of solar disinfestation have been investigated for 16 insect species infesting stored products (Acanthoscelides obtectus, calliphorids, Callosobruchus chinensis, Callosobruchus maculatus, Callosobruchus subinnotatus, Caryedon serratus, codling moth, dermestids, nitidulids, Prostephanus truncatus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Tribolium castaneum, Trogoderma granarium and Zabrotes subfasciatus) and 20 commodities. The commodities included cereal grains (maize, sorghum and wheat), grain legumes (azuki bean, black gram, chickpea, cowpea, gram, lentil, mung, pea, Phaseolus beans and pigeonpea) and others (bambara groundnuts, catfish, cocoa beans, figs, museum artifacts, peanuts and tamariad pods).
Solar heating of commodities was done in plastic bags, metal tins, cardboard boxes and clay pots, by spreading commodity on various surfaces and in solar ovens of various designs. Studies measured the commodity temperatures reached after various exposure times to solar heating and the effect of commodity depths. Effects solar heating on seed germination and cooking qualities were also considered.
Abdullahi, G., R. Muhamad, O. Dzolkhifli, and U. R. Sinniah. 2017. Disinfestation of cocoa beans infested with life stages of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) using solar heat trapped in a cardboard solar heater box. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6): 226-233
Agona, J.A. and S. M. Nahdy. 1998. Effect of Solar Drying Period of Beans on Seed Viability, Cooking Time and Injuriousness of Acanthoscelides obtectus Say. Afr. Crop Sci. J., 6: 417-421.
Aguilera, J. M., M. I. Hau, and W. Villablanca. 1986. The effect of solar drying and heating on the hardness of Phaseolus beans during storage. J. Stored Prod. Res. 22:243-247.
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Al-Amri, A. M. 2013. Thermal Control of Stored Grains Insects by Utilizing Solar Energy. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, 44(2): 39-45.
Allotey, J., Sefa-Dedeh, S., Osei, A. K., & Collison, E. K. (2012). Comparative Study of the Effects of Steam and Solar Heat Treated Cowpea Seed on the Development and Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 12(3): 6065-6078
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Begum, S., A. Mannan, and A. Begum. 1991. Effect of sunning on different pulse seeds infested by the pulse beetle Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 19:263-265.
Brokerhof, A. W. 2003. The solar tent – cheap and effective pest control in museums. Aust Inst Conserv Cult Mater Bull. 28:39-46.
Chauhan YS, Ghaffar MA. 2002. Solarheating of seeds—a low cost method to control bruchid (Callosobruchus spp.) attack during storage of pigeonpea. J. Stored Prod. Res. 38:87–91.
Chichaybelu Wessene, Mekasha 2004. Utilization of Solar Heat for the Control of Cowpea Seed Beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius)(Coleoptera: Bruchidae) (Ph. D. thesis). Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Chichaybelu, Mekasha, Dzolkifli, O., Yusuf, S., Rita, M., & Noorma, O. 2006. Effect of heat treatment on developmental stages of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in stored adzuki bean Vigna angularis. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 26(4): 273-279.
Chichaybelu, Mekasha, Dzolkifli, O., Yusuf, S., Rita, M. and Noorma, O. 2006. Development of Efficient Solar Heaters for Storage Insect Pest Management. African Crop Science Journal 14(3): 253-261
Chinwada, P., and D. P. Giga. 1996. Sunning as a technique for disinfesting stored beans. Postharvest Biol. Tech. 9:335-342.
Doumma, A. 2006. Effects of sun exposition on population of bruchids in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)) storage system in Niger. Pest Management of Horticultural Ecosystems 12(1): 9-15.
Elbashier Elhada, Ragaa Mohammed (2011) Development of Solar Heater Boxes and Management of Callosobruchus maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on Seed Adzuki Bean. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Fawki, S., Abdel Fattah, H. M., Hussein, M. A., Ibrahim, M. M., Soliman, A. K. and Salem, D. A. M. 2014. The use of solar energy and citrus peel powder to control cowpea beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). 11th International Working Conference of Stored-Product Protection, 24-28 Nov. 2014, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ghaffar, M.A. and Chauhan, Y.S. 1999. Solarization to protect pigeonpea seeds from bruchid damage during storage. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea New Letters, 6: 50-52.
Hansen, J.D., J.A. Johnson and D.A. Winter. 2011. History and use of heat in pest control: a review. International Journal of Pest Management. 57(4): 267–289
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Jakhar, Bhanwar Lal, M. C. Bhargava, M. Nitharwal and J. P. Yadav. 2006. Solar treatment of grains stored in coloured bags for the control of Trogoderma granarium Everts. Journal of Insect Science 19(2): 235-236.
Kitch, L. W., G. Ntoukam, R. E. Shade, J. L. Wolfson, and L. L. Murdock. 1992. A solar heater for disinfesting stored cowpeas on subsistence farms. J. Stored Prod. Res. 28:261-267.
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Lale, N. and B. Sastawa. 1996. The effect of sun-drying on the infestation of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by post-harvest insects in the Lake Chad District of Nigeria. Int. J. Pest Manage. 42:281-283.
Lale, N. 1998. Preliminary studies on the effect of solar heat on oviposition, development and adult mortality of the cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) in the Nigerian savanna. J. Arid Environ. 40:157-162.
Lale, N. and F. Ajayi. 2001. Suppression of development of Callosobruchus maculatus (F) (Col.: Bruchidae) in bambara groundnut seeds exposed to solar heat in the Nigerian savanna. Anzeiger Fur Schadlingskunde-Journal of Pest Science 74(5):133-137.
Lale, N.E.S. and Y.T. Maina, 2002. Evaluation of host resistance, solar heat and insecticidal essential oils for the Management of Caryedon serratus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Bruchadae) infesting groundnut seeds and tamariad pods in storage. Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenkrankheiten Und Pflanzenschutz-Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 109: 410–420.
Lale, N., and S. Vidal. 2000. Mortality of different developmental stages of Callosobruchus maculatus F. and Callosobruchus subinnotatus Pic. (Coleoptera : Bruchidae) in bambara groundnut Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. seeds exposed to simulated solar heat. Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenkrankheiten Und Pflanzenschutz-Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 107:553-559.
Lale, N. and S. Vidal. 2003. Simulation studies on the effects of solar heat on egg-laying, development and survival of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and Callosobruchus subinnotatus (Pic) in stored bambara groundnut Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt. J. Stored Prod. Res. 39:447-458.
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