Phthorimaea operculella natural enemies

In addition to the 39 species of natural enemies of the potato tuber worm, Phthorimaea operculella, given in the Stored-Product Insect Resources book, the following 42 species have been reported in the literature to parasitize the potato tuber worm. Izhevskiy (1985) says that “It would be difficult to find another pest species whose entomophages were introduced into so many countries (more than 20) in such large scale (about 30 species)”.

Izhevskiy, S.S. 1985. Review of the parasites of the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella Zell. (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Entomological Review 64: 148–160 gave the families and species:

Braconidae                    Apanteles dignus Muesebeck

Braconidae                    Apanteles gelechiidivoris Marsh

Braconidae                    Bracon brevicornis Wesmael

Braconidae                    Bracon cuyanus Blanchard

Braconidae                    Cardiochiles explorator (Say)

Braconidae                    Chelonus depressus Thompson

Braconidae                    Hormius pallidipes Ashmead

Braconidae                    Meteorus vulgaris Cresson

Braconidae                    Microplitis minutalis Muesebeck

Braconidae                    Orgilus mellipes Say

Braconidae                    Zele melleus Cresson

Eulophidae                    Sympiesis stigmatipennis Girault

Eulophidae                    Zagrammosoma flavolineata Crawford

Ichneumonidae              Campoletis flavicincta Ashmead

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma blackburni (Cameron)

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma compressus Cresson

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma fenestralis Holmgren

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma insulare (Cresson)

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma raoi Gupta

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma surendrai Gupta

Ichneumonidae              Itoplectis conquisitor Say

Ichneumonidae              Nepiera fuscifemora Graf

Ichneumonidae              Pimpla aequalis (Provancher)

Ichneumonidae              Scambus hispae Harris

Ichneumonidae              Temelucha minuta (Morley)

Perilampidae                  Perilampus fulvicornis Ashmead

Tachinidae                     Incamyia cuzcensis Townsend

Tachinidae                     Lixophaga diatraeae (Townsed)

Franzmann, B. A. 1980. Parasitism of Phthorimaea operculella (Lep.: Gelechiidae) larvae in Queensland. Entomophaga, 25(4): 369-372 gave the family and species:

Elasmidae         Elasmus funereus Riek

Oatman, E. R. and G. R. Platner 1989. Parasites of the potato tuberworm, tomato pinworm, and other, closely related gelechiids. Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. 29: 23-30 gave the families and species:

Braconidae       Agathis tandilensis Blanchard

Eulophidae       Rhetisympiesis phthorimaeae Blanchard

Rondon, S. I. 2010. The potato tuberworm: a literature review of its biology, ecology, and control. American Journal of Potato Research, 87(2): 149-166 gave the family and species:

Ichneumonidae Temelucha decotate (Gravenhost)

Sankaran, T., and D.J. Girling. 1980. The current status of biological control of the potato tuber moth. Biocontrol News and Information 1: 207–211 gave the family and species:

Ichneumonidae              Diadegma turcator Aubert

Ichneumonidae              Eriborus trochanteratus (Morley)

The species included on the Trichogramma page of this website are:

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma brasiliensis Ashmead

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma chilonis Ishii

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma evanescens Westwood

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma nubilale Ertle and Davis

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma pretiosum Riley

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma principium Sugonjaev and Sorokina

Trichogrammatidae        Trichogramma semblidis (Aurivillius)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s