Cotton’s Northwestern Miller column

Between 1960 and 1965 Richard Thomas Cotton wrote 56 articles for the trade journal Northwestern Miller. The following literature citations for these articles were not included in our earlier publications and are important additions to the literature cited in these publications.

In 1956, prior to these columns, Cotton revised his book entitled Pests of Stored Grain and Grain Products: Identification, Habits and Methods of Control and published by Burgess Publishing Company, Minneapolis, Minnesota which was first printed in 1941. He shortened the title to Pests of Stored Grain and Grain Products, added chapters on rodent and bird pests, detection of insect infestation and protection of stored seed from insect attack. and expanded it from 242 to 306 pages. This book was reprinted in 1963 with some revisions to several chapters and a new chapter entitled Insect Control in the Bakery (revised version was 318 pages). In 2007, Cottons’s 1941 edition of the book was reprinted by Biotech Books, Delhi, India.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). The enemy within: Insects are the baker’s bugaboo unless housekeeping is strict. Northwestern Miller, 264(1), 65-68.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Public enemy no. 1: Confused flour beetle has been causing trouble since pharaohs’ time. Northwestern Miller, 264(2), 56, 58, 59, 60.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Caution! fumigation now in progress. Northwestern Miller, 264(4), 12, 14, 15, 16, 18.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Let’s kill the Khapra beetle invader. Northwestern Miller, 264(8), 42-44.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Insect-free grain – a vital goal. Northwestern Miller, 264(10), 27, 28, 30.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Urgently needed: Insect-free boxcars. Northwestern Miller, 264(11), 34-35, 38.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Use of phosphine for fumigation, it can deliver a knockout punch to insects; but care must be exercised in its usage – so obey the rules! Northwestern Miller, 264(12), 56-60.

Cotton, R. T. (1960). Weevil with the million dollar appetite. Northwestern Miller, 264(13), 38, 40.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Wheat storage in the mothball fleet. Northwestern Miller, 265(3), 46-48.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Infestations in packaged foods, progress is being made all the time; research has as its goal insect resistant containers. Northwestern Miller, 265(4), 28, 30.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Controlling insect infestation in milling machinery with spot fumigants. Northwestern Miller, 265(5), 30, 32, 34.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Potent force of radiant energy, its use to destroy and control pests in stored grain and milled cereal products remains highly experimental but recent progress merits review. Northwestern Miller, 265(7), 38. 40, 42, 43.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Low temperature: Its effects on insects pest in stored food products. Northwestern Miller, 265(8), 48, 50, 51.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Long, long trail of organized research to control insect infestations. Northwestern Miller, 265(9), 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 35.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Vacuum fumigation. Northwestern Miller, 265(11), 24-26.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Effect of moisture on insect abundance in stored dried foods. Northwestern Miller, 265(13), 21-22.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Fumigants are versatile-knowing what each can do will facilitate selection. Northwestern Miller, 265(14), 22-24.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). What about air-tight storage of grain? Northwestern Miller, 265(15), 46, 48, 50, 51.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Millers, bakers, grain men: Meet a small pest with a big reputation for making trouble. Northwestern Miller, 265(18), 30, 31, 34.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Preventing and controlling insect infestation in warehouses. Northwestern Miller, 265(23), 34-37.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Those mighty mites – keeping them out of grain and flour can be a problem. Northwestern Miller, 265(24), 46-48.

Cotton, R. T. (1961). Moth pests of cereal products and their control. Northwestern Miller, 265(25), 36-39.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to detect hidden insect infestation in grain. Northwestern Miller, 266(1), 36-39.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to identify beetles in grain and cereal products. Northwestern Miller, 266(2), 52-55.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to eliminate guesswork from fumigation procedures. Northwestern Miller, 266(3), 41-43.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to establish: A sanitation program for your bakery. Northwestern Miller, 266(4), 42, 44, 45, 46.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to control infestations of flat grain beetles. Northwestern Miller, 266(7), 31-33.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Insecticidal sprays… selecting and using them effectively. Northwestern Miller, 266(8), 26-28.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Flour mill sanitation: Early control of insect pests pays. Northwestern Miller, 266(12), 38, 40.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to prevent infestation in farm-stored grain. Northwestern Miller, 266(13), 32, 34-36.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Mediterranean flour moth…keep birth rate under proper control. Northwestern Miller, 267(2), 25-26.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). How to prevent heating of stored grain by insects. Northwestern Miller, 267(3), 36, 38, 39.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). The lesser grain borer…strict sanitiaion controls this pest. Northwestern Miller, 267(4), 40-42.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Boxcar sanitation to prevent in-transit infestations. Northwestern Miller, 267(12), 32, 34.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Safe fumigation means protection of products, plant personnel. Northwestern Miller, 267(13), 20, 22-23, 26.

Cotton, R. T. (1962). Infestations of the cadelle beetle. Northwestern Miller, 267(24), 26-28.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Mealworm control…life story of a pernicious pest. Northwestern Miller, 268(1), 30-32.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Stating the case for insecticides. Northwestern Miller, 268(3), 37-39.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Insect pests have remarkable survival record; winter never kills them all. Northwestern Miller, 268(5), 30-32.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Stringent measures required to protect warehoused flour from infestation. Northwestern Miller, 268(7), 26-28.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Rotating fumigants can overcome resistance of hardy insect pests. Northwestern Miller, 268(11), 32-34.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Protecting wheat quality after harvest. Northwestern Miller, 268(13), 14-16, 18.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Insect pests of stored grain and their importance. Northwestern Miller, 269(3), 20, 22, 23.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Keeping insect eggs off cereal products requires vigilance. Northwestern Miller, 269(5), 34, 36, 37.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Uniform distribution of fumigant. Northwestern Miller, 269(8), 42-44, 46.

Cotton, R. T. (1963). Has anyone seen ‘acarus siro’? he’s that minute mite whose presence in grain and flour products could mean trouble. Northwestern Miller, 269(11), 26, 28-30.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Winter’s role in controlling flour mill insect pests. Northwestern Miller, 270(3), 16-18.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). High temperatures – how they affect insect pests. Northwestern Miller, 270(6), 30-32.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). The care of grain in flat storage, controlling insect infestations. Northwestern Miller, 270(8), 19-20, 22.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Malathion–how it controls stored product insects. Northwestern Miller, 270(11), 15-18.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Controlling insect populations in flour mills. Northwestern Miller, 270(12), 16, 18, 20.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Pyrethrum-as an insecticide – its low in toxicity to man and useful in grain bins, flour mills and bakeries. Northwestern Miller, 271(1), 19-20, 22, 23.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Progress in flour mill sanitation, integrated control holds down infestations. Northwestern Miller, 271(4), 16-17.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). We can live with pesticides – but not without them. Northwestern Miller, 271(6), 19-20, 22.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Phosphine as a fumigant. Northwestern Miller, 271(10), 33-34, 36.

Cotton, R. T. (1964). Controlling the angoumois grain moth. Northwestern Miller, 271(12), 18, 20, 22-23.

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