Sterile males for control of stored product insects

The following 40 papers discuss the use of sterile males (SM) for the control of 17 species of stored product insects or mites. Concerns about contamination of commodities by releasing large numbers of insects in storage, processing and distribution facilities have resulted in most of the full scale studies being done to prevent field infestation. The numbers being released can be minimized by controlling pests early while pest population densities are still low. Given the large number of species of stored product insects that infest commodities in the field prior to harvest (197 species, see pre-harvest-infestation page), sterile males may be useful for many more species. In storage, processing and distribution facilities, combination of sterile males with other methods (pheromones, parasitoids, pathogens, insecticides) have been shown to beneficial. For some species, irradiated insects do not feed so do not cause commodity damage. Released moths do not feed and generally do not enter the commodity. Development of chemosterilants and accelerated electrons may reduce the cost of producing sterile insects for release and make method more widely available. Like fumigation, heat treatments and biological control, sterile males can locate pests.

Abid, Imane, Malaynine Laghfiri, Rachid Bouamri, Lotfi Aleya and Mohamed Bourioug. 2021. Integrated pest management (IPM) for Ectomyelois ceratoniae on date palm. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health 19, 100219

Amuh, I. K. A. 1971. Potentialities for application of the sterile-male technique to the control of the cocoa moth, Cadra cautella Walk. p. 7–11. In Application of induced sterility for control of lepidopterous populations, Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Bala, Madhu 1985. Sterilization of Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus by Gamma radiations for use in the sterile insect release method for pest suppression. PhD diss., Panjab University, Chandigarh

Brower, JH, and EW Tilton. 1975. Potential for Control of Cadra cautella (Walker) by Release of Fully or Partially Sterile Males. International Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 26(12): 720–725

Brower, J. H. 1984. Current status of sterile-insect release technique for control of stored-product Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the 3rd  International Working Conference on Stored-Product Entomology edited by R. B. Mills, V. F. Wright, J. R. Pedersen, W. H. McGaughey, R. W. Beeman, K. J. Kramer, R. D. Speirs, and C. L. Storey, p. 444–453. Kansas State University

Brown, Gary A., and Robert Davis. 1969. Effects of introduced irradiated male grain mites on population development. Journal of Economic Entomology 62(4): 767-771. Acarus siro

Chaudhary, J. P., and R. P. Kapil. 1977. Mating Competitiveness of Thiotepa Treated Males of Trogoderma granarium Everts and Impact of Sterile Male Releases on the Reduction of Normal Population. Indian Journal of Entomology 39: 40–45.

Cheema, Gurbir 1987. Sterility and Other Effects of Gamma Radiations on Callosobruchus maculatus and the Use of Sterilized Sexes in Pest Suppression. PhD diss., Panjab University, Chandigarh

Crook, L. J., J. O. Bull, and P. B. Cornwell. 1960. Some Biological and Ecological Studies on Flour-Mill Moth, Anagasta (Ephestia) kühniella Zell., for an Appraisal of Sterile Male Release. United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Isotope Research Division (AERE) R-3297, 1–25.

Erdman, Howard E. 1974. Productivity modifications to flour beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) by gamma radiation (60Co) of one or both sexes and by the addition of radiated males or females to population. Research on Population Ecology 16(1): 52-58. Tribolium castaneum, Tribolium confusum

Furniss, Peter Robert. 1975. Simulation studies of insect mating dynamics. PhD. Diss., University of London (Modeling SM against Tribolium confusum)

Gill, Madhu, and H. R. Pajni. 1989. Suppression of laboratory population of Callosobruchus chinensis (Linnaeus) by the release of gamma-irradiated adults. Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology 18(1): 1-5.

Hagstrum, DW, JR McLaughlin, BJ Smittle, and JA Coffelt. 1978. Sterile Males in a Sex-Pheromone Permeated Atmosphere to Reduce Reproduction of Ephestia cautella. Environmental Entomology 7(5): 759–762.

Hameed, A. A., A. A. Al- Taweel, and M. S. H. Ahmad 2005. Using the Parasitoid Bracon Hebetor Say and Sterile Males of the Fig Moth Ephestia cautella (Walk.) to Control the Moth Population in Simulated Date Stores. Iraqi J. Sci. and Tech. 2(1): 5–16.

Hasan, Mahbub, and Ataur Rahman Khan. 1998. Control of stored-product pests by irradiation. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 3(1): 15-29.

Himuro, Chihiro, Tsuguo Kohama, Takashi Matsuyama, Yasutsune Sadoyama, Futoshi Kawamura, Atsushi Honma, Yusuke Ikegawa, and Dai Haraguchi. 2022. First case of successful eradication of the sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius (Fabricius), using the sterile insect technique. Plos one 17(5), e0267728.

Howlader, A. J. & Rahman, R. (1995) Studies on the application of sterile insect technique (SIT) for the suppression of pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Nuclear Science and Application 4(2): 105-110

Jafari, Reza, Shila Goldasteh, and Shahram Afrogheh. 2010. Control of the Wax Moth Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by the Male Sterile Technique (MST). Archives of Biological Sciences, Belgrade 62(2): 309–313. Best release ratio was established at four sterile males, one normal male for each normal female.

Kashyap, N. P. 1972. Feasibility of employing the sterile technique for the control of stored grain pests. Bulletin of Grain Technology 10(2): 131–132.

Khan, Muhammad Zainul Abedin. 1977. The behaviour of grain-infesting beetles with reference to the effects of gamma-irradiation upon development of populations and intra-specific communication. PhD diss., University Adelaide, South Australia, Adelaide  Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae

Kwadha, Charles A., George O. Ong’amo, Paul N. Ndegwa, Suresh K. Raina, and Ayuka T. Fombong. 2017. The Biology and Control of the Greater Wax Moth, Galleria mellonella. Insects 8(2), 61

Lindquist, Arthur William. 1963. Insect population control by the sterile-male technique. Technical Reports Series No. 2 Comprehensive report of a panel held in Vienna, 16-19 October 1962, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.  Ephestia kuehniella

Makee, H. 1989. Studies on the Sterile Male Techniques for the Control of the Tropical Warehouse Moth, Ephestia cautella (Moth). PhD diss., University of Reading

Makee, Hayat, Mohammed Tlas, Samer Amer and Jamal Abdulla 2007. Effect of inherited sterility and Bacillus thuringiensis on mortality and reproduction of Phthorimaea opercullela Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 42 (4): 557–562

Mediouni-BenJemaa, Jouda. 2005. Lute Génétique Contre La Pyrale Des Caroubes Ectomeylois Ceratoniae Zeller 1881 (Lepidoptères: Pyralidae) Par Le Biais de La Technologie Des Insectes Stériles (Genetic Control of the Carob Moth Ectomyelois Ceratoniae Zeller 1881 (Lepidoptera-Pyralidae) by the Use of the Sterile Insect Technique). Thesis, Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie (INAT).

Mikhaiel, A. A. 2011. Potential of the Combined use of Inherited Sterility and Four Botanical Extracts for the Control of Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier). Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences 4(2B): 599-614.

Nielsen, Ross A. 1976. Radiation biology of the greater wax moth: inherited sterility and potential for pest control. USDA Technical Bulletin 1539. Galleria mellonella

Palfi, Denes, and Arpad Szentesi. 1975. Szabadfoeldi vedekezesi kiserletek a babzsizsik ellen (Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, Col., Bruchidae), steril imagok felhasznalasaval (Field experiments on the control of the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, Col., Bruchidae) by the release of sterile adults). Noevenytermeles 24(3): 249–257. Sterile males released in field did not reduce fertility because most females mate before moving from storage to field.

Pradhan, S., S. M. Chatterji, G. R. Sethi, M. W. Bhamburkar, and H. Prasad 1971. Feasibility of controlling stored grain pests by the sterile-male technique. p. 365-371. In Sterility principle for insect control or eradication. Athens, 14-18 September 1970, IAEA, Vienna. Tribolium castaneum

Soufbaf Mahmoud, Salehi Bahareh, Kalantarian Nadia, Zanganeh Ali Hosein, Babaei Mohammad, Fathollahi Hadi, Ahari Mostafavi Hosein, Mansourifard Mohammad Ali, Hoseini Baghdad Abad Seyeed Abolfazl, Mirvakili Seyeed Jalal, Zare Bidoki Reza, Tollabi Habib Allah, Amiri Aqda Seyeed Ahmad 2017. Using Sterile Insect Technique Against Carob Moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller) (Lep.: Pyralidae), in Yazd Province, Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran (JESI) 37(1): 55-65

Soufbaf, Mahmoud, Bahare Salehi, Nadia Kalantarian, Ali Hosein Zanganeh, Hadi Fathollahi, Mohammad Babaei, and Hosein Ahari Mostafavi 2018. Is sterile insect technique’s efficiency affected by pomegranate variety in mixed cultivars? New insights from a case study on the carob moth, Apomyelois ceratoniae Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Iran. Oriental insects 52(2): 210-220.

Sethi, G. R., H. Prasad, and Parvathy Bhatia. 1979. Studies on the control of stored grain pests by gamma radiations under different storage conditions. Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology 8(4): 123-125 Tribolium castaneum

Szentesi, A. 1973. Experiments on the reduction of population by release of adults of the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus Say, Col.: Bruchidae) sterilised by irradiation. A Novenyvedelmi Kutato Intezet Kozlemenyei/ Publications of the Novelvedy Research Institute 6: 5-17

Tilton, E. W. 1973. Feasibility study for conducting research on the control of Cadra cautella in cocoa beans by the sterile-male technique. IAEA Report to the Government of Ghana 835.

Wadhi, S. R. et al. 1974. Further studies on the use of sterile male release technique against rust red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Newsletter, Indian Society for Nuclear Techniques in Agriculture and Biology 3(3): 50–51

Wiendl, F.M. 1969. Some uses and facts about gamma radiation on Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boh., 1833) (Coleoptera, Bruchidize). Ph.D Thesis. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, University of Sao Paulo. Piracicaba, SP, 187 pp.

Wilson, H., and C. S. Burks. 2019. Update on Sterile Insect Program for Control of Navel Orangeworm. West Coast Nut March: 4, 6, 8, 10, 12. Amyelois transitella

Zolfagharieh, H., M. Babaii, A. Omidpour, H. Mostafavi, and Z. Tabatabaii. 2011. Evaluation of potential of sterile insect technique in controlling Ectomyelois ceratoniae Zeller. Acta horticulturae 890: 561.

Zolfagharieh, H. R., S. Mashayekhi, M. Babaii, and H. A. Mostafavi. 2006. Induced sterility by gamma radiation in Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and sterile insect release ratio to a normal population. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 25(2): 35-43 Sterile male releases and sterile male and female releases had identical effects